READY GUIDE ON

SEBA ENGLISH X

GRAMMAR & COMPOSITIONS

FOR COMING H. S. L. C. EXAMINATION -2020

 

 

By

Growhills Writers Board

(A board of experienced and specially trained educational writers)

 

Edited By

Rabbi Masrur

 

 

 

 

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First Published: 2019

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READY GUIDE ON SEBA ENGLISH X

GRAMMAR & COMPOSITIONS

 

CONTENTS

GRAMMAR

1. Correct Tense 

2. Determiners 

3. Voice

4.  Sentence Pattern    

5. Narration 

6. Preposition 

7. Phrases and Idioms

`8. Synthesis of Sentences 

9. Vocabulary

10. Translations 

COMPOSITIONS

1. Substance Writing

2. Essay Writing

3. Story Writing

4.  Letter Writing  

5. Report Writing

6. Passage Comprehension

7. Phrases and Idioms

`8. Synthesis of Sentence

………………………………………………….

 

READY GUIDE ON SEBA ENGLISH X

GRAMMAR & COMPOSITION 

(PREVIOUS H. S. L. C. EXAM QUES SOLUTION) 

 

 Chapter-1 

CORRECT TENSE

Q. Use the correct tense  form  of the verbs given in brackets:

H.S.L.C. 2010

(a) He jumped off the bus while it —. (move)

Ans: He jumped off the bus while it was moving.

(b) He said that he — the letter. (post)

Ans: He said that he had posted the letter.

(c) He — a teacher since 1994. (be)

Ans: He has been a teacher since 1994.

H.S.L.C. 2011

(a) We (know) each other for five years.

Ans: We have known each other for five years.

(b) The other day I (meet) a magician in the bazaar.

Ans: The other day I met a magician in the bazaar.

(c) If I — you, I should not accept that post. (be)

Ans: If I were you, I should not accept that post.

H.S.L.C. 2012 

(a) She said that she (will) help her friend.

Ans: She said that she would help her friend.

(b) The boys (play) in the garden when the tree fell down.

Ans: The boys were playing in the garden when the tree fell down.

H.S.L.C. 2013

(a) I wish I (be) a king

Ans: I wish I were a king.

(b) The boy (sleep) don’t disturb him.

Ans: The boy is sleeping, don’t disturb him.

H.S.L.C. 2014

(a) She ———– a book when I saw her. (read)

Ans: She was reading a book when I saw her.

(b) She ———- a teacher since 2002. (be)

Ans: She has been a teacher since 2002.

H.S.L.C. 2015

(a) The bell rang after we (finish) our work.

Ans: The bell rang after we had finished our work.

(b) Please ring me up as soon as he (come).

Ans: Please ring me up as soon as he comes.

H.S.L.C. 2016

(a) It is time we (go)  home.

Ans: It is time we went home.

(b) She behaves as if she (know) everything.

Ans: She behaves as if she knew everything.

H.S.L.C. 2017 

(a) If it (rain) we shall not go out.

Ans: If it rains we shall not go out.

(b) We (know) each other for the last ten years.

Ans: We have known each other for the last ten years.

H.S.L.C. 2018 

(a) If I (be) you, I would not have called him again.

Ans: If I were you, I would not have called him again.

(b) The Principal is not in his room. He (go) out.

Ans: The Principal is not in his room. He has gone out. 

H.S.L.C. 2019 

(a) They (live) in Delhi for ten years.

Ans:  They have been living in Delhi for ten years.

(b) When he came it (be) all over.

Ans: When he came it was all over. 

(c) He (stay) here until you return.

Ans: He will stay here until  you return. 0 0 0 

…. Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

Chapter-2

DETERMINERS

Q. Choose the right determiners from among the alternatives given and fill up the gaps.

H.S.L.C. 2010

(a) My brother is ——- N.C. C. cadet. (a / an  / the )

Ans: an 

(b)  First read ——- books you have with. (few / a few / the few)

Ans: the few

(c)  ——- of the oranges were rotten. (many / more / much)

Ans: many

(d)  Socrates gave——- useful advice to his pupils. (much / many / more )

Ans: much

(e) Hurry up! We have only ——- time left. (little / a little / the little)

Ans: a little

(f) The workers decided to form ——- union. (a / an / the )

Ans: a

H.S.L.C. 2011

(a) The painter is a man of ——-words. (few / a few  / the few)

Ans: few

(b)  ——- honorary secretary gets no salary for holding the post. (a/ an / the )

Ans:: an

(c)  ——- of the candidates must produce his identity card. (any / every / each )

Ans: each

(d)  India won the match with——- bit of luck. (little / a little / the little )

Ans:a little

H.S.L.C. 2012 

(a)  ——-  men are free from faults. (few / a few  / the few )

Ans: few 

(b)  ————- hour has passed since he left us. (a/ an / the)

Ans: an

(c)  ——- of the students will be given a copy of the magazine. (every / each / any)

Ans: each

(d)  Please give me——- money you have. (little / a little / the little)

Ans: the little

H.S.L.C. 2013 

(a) He will come back within ——— hour. ( a / an  / the) 

Ans: an 

(b)  ———men are free from faults. (few / a few / the few)

Ans: few

(c) Leap year falls in ——- fourth year. (every / any / each)

Ans: every

(d)  — learning is a dangerous thing. (little / a little / the little)

Ans: A little

H.S.L.C. 2014

(a) I gave ——- one rupee note to the beggar. ( a / an  / the). 

Ans: a

(b)  My father is ——- older than my mother. (many  / much / more).

Ans: much

(c) I buy —— books every month. (few / the few / a few)

Ans: a few

(d)  I need —– money I have. (little / a little / the little)

Ans: the little

H.S.L.C. 2015

(a) Please give me ——— time to finish the work. Then I will take you to ———— university.

Ans: a little, the.

H.S.L.C. 2016

(a) Ramen comes home twice …………   month.

Ans:

(b) Mr. Bell rang ……….. bell of alarm and I woke up.

Ans: the

(c) A busy person has …….. time to waste.

Ans: little.

(d) Only ………. of the applicant were found suitable.

Ans: a few.

H.S.L.C. 2017 

(a) My brother is………..NCC cadet.

Ans: an

(b) We found the house without ………….. difficulty.

Ans: much.

(c) He has to feed his family with ……………… money he earns.

Ans: the.

(d) Our pirincipal is a man of ………………… words.

Ans: few.

H.S.L.C. 2018

(a) ……………… rich are not always unkind.

Ans: The 

(b) The Principal gave the students ……….. sound advice.

Ans: much 

(c) Every school has …………….. union of the students.

Ans: a

(d) Is there ………………. coffee left in the pot?

Ans: any

H.S.L.C. 2019

(a) My brother had gone ………… hour ago.

Ans: an

(b) A busy man has ……….. time to waste.

Ans: little

(c) The classes started after ………… bell had rung.

Ans: the

(d)  ………….. of their property was lost in the flood.

Ans: much. 0 0 0….

Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

 Chapter-3

VOICE

Q: Change the voice of the following:

H.S.L.C. 2011

(a) The members elected the secretary.

Ans: The secretary was elected ( by the members).

(b) The grandmother looks after the child.

Ans: The child is looked after by the grandmother.

H.S.L.C. 2012

(a) Children like sweets.

Ans: Sweets are liked by children.

(b) By whom can this be done?

Ans: Who can do this?

H.S.L.C. 2012 (Old Course)

(a) I have read the book.

Ans: The book has been read by me.

(b) The book was written by her.

Ans: She wrote the book.

H.S.L.C. 2013 (Old Course)

(a) A hunter shot the tiger.

Ans: The tiger was shot by a hunter.

(b) The gate was opened by the peon.

Ans: The peon opened the gate.

H.S.L.C. 2014

(a) Accidents are caused by carelessness.

Ans: Carelessness causes accidents.

(b) Who did this work?

Ans: By whom was this work done?

H.S.L.C. 2015

(a) We were surprised at his conduct.

Ans: His conduct surprised us.

(b) Why did your father refuse such an honourable job?

Ans: Why was such an honourable job refused by your father?

H.S.L.C. 2016

(a) The students elected him secretary.

Ans: He was elected secretary (by the students).

(b) The stage was decorated by the students.

Ans: The students decorated the stage.

H.S.L.C. 2017 

(a) People speak English all over the world.

Ans: English is spoken all over the world.

(b) America was discovered by Columbus.

Ans: Columbus discovered America.

H.S.L.C. 2018

(a) The letters have been posted.

Ans: I have posted the letters.

(b) He did the work alone.

Ans: The work was done alone by him.

H.S.L.C. 2019 

(a) I have lost my English textbook.

Ans: My English textbook has been lost.

(b) He was punished for his misconduct.

Ans: The teacher punished him for his misconduct. 0 0 0

Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

Chapter-4

SENTENCE  PATTERN

H.S.L.C. 2010

(a) He enjoys playing cards.

Ans: He enjoys writing letters.

(b)  S + V + O + O

Ans: Ram gives me a book.

H.S.L.C. 2011

(a) The teacher gave him a dictionary

Ans: The man gave me a pen.

(b)  S + V + O + C

Ans: I read the Ramayana in the morning.

H.S.L.C. 2012

(a) The child taught him a lesson

Ans: The teacher taught us grammar.

(b)  S + V + O 

Ans: I read the Ramayana.

H.S.L.C. 2013

(a) Painting is an art.

Ans: Singing is a skill.

(b)  S + V + O + O

Ans: I gave Shahin the Seba Ready Guide.

H.S.L.C. 2014

(a) Painting is an art.

Ans: Singing is a skill.

(b)  S + V + to infinitive

Ans: I like to read.

H.S.L.C. 2015

Q. Correct the errors in the following sentences:

(a) I don’t know to do it.

Ans: I don’t know how to do it.

(b) It is you who is to blame.

Ans: It is you who are to blame.

(c) He told me that his brother is writing that letter.

Ans: He told me that his brother was writing that letter.

(d) He asked me where do I live.

Ans: He asked me where I lived.

H.S.L.C. 2016

Q. Correct the errors in the following sentences:

(a) The sceneries of Arunachal Pradesh is charming..

Ans: The scenery of Arunachal Pradesh is charming.

(b) I am feeling cold.

Ans: I feel cold.

(c) Bread and butter make a good breakfast.

Ans: Bread and butter makes a good breakfast.

(d) The news are true.

Ans: The news is true.

H.S.L.C. 2017 

Q. Correct the errors in the following sentences:

(a) Niru is my cousin sister.

Ans: Niru is my cousin.

(b) She prefers tea than coffee.

Ans: She prefers tea to coffee.

(c) I gave him a few rupees I had.

Ans: I gave him the few rupees I had.

(d) He is working hardly.

Ans:  He is working hard.

H.S.L.C. 2018

Q. Correct the errors in the following sentences:

(a) He took out his shoes.

Ans: He took off his shoes.

(b) I do not know who are you.

Ans: I do not know who you are.

(c) She said that she will arrive at 6 p.m.

Ans: She said that she would arrive at 6 p.m.

(d) She prefers milk than curd.

Ans: She prefers milk to curd.

H.S.L.C. 2019 

Q.Correct the errors in the following sentences:

(a) It can rain tonight.

Ans: It may rain tonight. 

(b) The cattles are grazing in the field.

Ans: The cattle are grazing in the field.

(c) Each of the boys play cricket.

Ans: Each of the boys plays cricket.

(d) How much money you need?

Ans: How much money do you need?

(e) When you do your homework?

Ans: When do you do your homework?

(f) I do not know to do it.

Ans: I do not know how to do it. 0 0 0

…. Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

 Chapter -5

NARRATION

H.S.L.C. 2010

(a) The lady said to me, “I will tell you my story.”

Ans: The lady said to me that she would tell me her story.

(b) I told her that I had no time for that.

Ans: I said to her, “I have no time for this.”

H.S.L.C. 2011

(a) The mechanic said, “I will repair your car tomorrow.”

Ans: The mechanic said that he would repair my car the next day.

(b) The teacher inquired of the pupil if he had done his home work.

Ans: The teacher said to the pupil, “Have you done your homework?”

H.S.L.C. 2012

(a) He said, “Honesty is the best policy.”

Ans: He said that honesty is the best policy.

(b) He said that he takes bath in the Brahmaputra every morning.

Ans: He said, “I take bath in the Brahmaputra every morning.”

H.S.L.C. 2012 (Old Course)

(a) He said to the children, “We will go for a picnic tomorrow.”

Ans: He told the children that they would go for a picnic the next day.

(b) Rohit asked me if I could speak French.

Ans: Rohit said to me, “Can you speak French?”

H.S.L.C. 2013

(a) She said, “The water is boiling.”

Ans: She said that the water was boiling.

(b) Mira said that her mother had been suffering from fever.

Ans: Mira said, “My mother has been suffering from fever.”

H.S.L.C. 2013 (Old Course)

(a) The son told his father that he wanted that box.

Ans: The son said to his father, “I want this box.”

(b) The boy said to the teacher, “May I go out?”

Ans: The boy asked the teacher if he might go out.

H.S.L.C. 2014 

(a) He told her not to disturb him.

Ans: He said to her, “Do not disturb me.”

(b) Mother said to me, “Don’t tell a lie.”

Ans: Mother advised me not to tell a lie.

H.S.L.C. 2015

(a) “What a beautiful building!”, he said.

Ans: He exclaimed with wonder that it was a beautiful building.

(b) She proposed that we should go for a walk.

Ans: She said, “Let us go for a walk.”

H.S.L.C. 2016

(a) “Can you drive a car?” I said to Rahim.

Ans: I asked Rahim if he could drive a car.

(b) The stranger asked me if I could tell him the way to the post office.

Ans: The stranger said to me, “Can you tell me the way to the post office?”

H.S.L.C. 2017 

(a) Anita said , “I do not know the boy.”

Ans: Anita said that she did not know the boy.

(b) Rahim said that his mother had been suffering from fever.

Ans: Rahim said, “My mother has been suffering from fever.”

H.S.L.C. 2018 

(a) Rahim said to me, “Do you know the man standing at the gate?”

Ans: Rahim asked me whether I knew the man standing at the gate.

(b) The young man told me that  he had come from Jorhat to work in Guwahati.

Ans: The young man said to me, ”I have come from Jorhat to work in Guwahati.”

H.S.L.C. 2019 

(a) She asked me why the teacher had punished me.

Ans: She said to me, ”Why did the teacher punish you?”

(b) Anita said to Ravi, “Please lend me your pen.”

Ans:  Anita requested Ravi to lend her his pen. 0 0 0

…. Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

 Chapter-6

PREPOSITION

H.S.L.C. 2010

(a) What is the time ——-  your watch? (in / on / by)

Ans: by

(b) This is a quotation ——- Milton. (of / by / from)

Ans: from

(c) You should provide ——your children. (for / to / of )

Ans: for

(d) He sympathized ——- me in my sorrow. (to / for  / with)

Ans: with

(e) The old man is hard ——- hearing. (of  / for / in)

Ans: of

H.S.L.C. 2011

(a) There was a noise of children ——-  play. (in / on / at)

Ans: at

(b) Her mother is ——- the town council. (in / on / over)

Ans: in

(c) The teacher knows his students ——- names. (for / by / with )

Ans: by

(d) Babies are boon ——- parents. (for / on  / upon)

Ans: upon

H.S.L.C. 2012

(a) I met him ——  the street. (in / at / on )

Ans: in

(b) Please pay attention ——- your studies. (for / to / on)

Ans: to

(c) He is an authority ——- science. (of / for / in )

Ans: in

(d) The teacher is in full control ——- the class. (of / over  / in)

Ans: over

H.S.L.C. 2012 (Old Course)

(a) He was accused —- theft. (in / for / of )

Ans: of

(b) I was amazed ——- your conduct. (at / by / with)

Ans: at

(c) Early rising is good ——- health. (with / for / to )

Ans: for

(d) Your story is devoid ——- truth. (of / from  / in)

Ans: of

(e) Health is essential ——- success in life. (about / for / to )

Ans: to

(f) One must always be true ——- oneself. (to / with  / in)

Ans: to

H.S.L.C. 2013 (Old Course)

(a) The police ran — the thief. (at/for/after )

Ans: after

(b) She is blind ——- her son’s fault. (at / to / in)

Ans: to

(c) I shall do it —–pleasure. (with / in / on )

Ans: with

(d) Ram is fond ——- music. (of / on  / in)

Ans: of

(e) Assam is rich —- minerals. (of /in /at )

Ans: in

(f) Death is preferable —-disgrace. (to/with/by)

Ans: to

H.S.L.C. 2014

(a) Happiness consists ——- speaking the truth. (of / for / in )

Ans: in

(b) One should be honest———- dealing with fellowmen. (at / on / in)

Ans: in

(c) She is looking—— a domestic help. to/ in/ for )

Ans: for

(d) The burden seemed too much ——– him. (to / on  / for)

Ans: for

H.S.L.C. 2015

(a) Health is preferable ——- wealth. (than/ for/ to)

Ans: to

(b) He is angry ———— his haughty sister. (at/ with/ upon

Ans: with

H.S.L.C. 2015

(a) The cow lives ……. grass (from/ by /on)

Ans: on

(b) He lives ….. hand to mouth. (on/from/by)

Ans: from.

(c) He is appointed ……….. the post. (to/at)

Ans: to.

(d) She is junior ………. me by three years.

Ans: to.

H.S.L.C. 2017

(a) We go to school ……………. bus (in/with/by)

Ans: by.

(b) I am senior ………………… your sister. (than/to/from)

Ans: to

(c) The principal presided ……………………… the meeting. (in/over/at)

Ans: over.

(d) She excels …………………… dancing (at/in/by)

Ans: in.

H.S.L.C. 2018

(a) He always runs …………. money. (at/for/ after)

Ans: after

(b) Flour is made ………….. wheat. (of/ from/with)

Ans: of 

(c) Write your answers ……………… black and ink. (with /by/in)

Ans: in 

(d) The cow lives ………. grass. (on/upon/with)

Ans: on

H.S.L.C. 2019

(a) This train bound ………….. Delhi (to/upon/ for)

Ans: for

(b) Assam is rich ……………. minerals. (for/ in/ about)

Ans: in

(c) I meet him …………….. the street. (in/ on/ upon)

Ans: in

(d) Happiness consists ………….. speaking the truth. (of/ in / at)

Ans: in 0 0 0

…. Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

 Chapter -7

PHRASE & IDIOMS / MAKE SENTENCES

H.S.L.C. 2010

Break down, give away, look after, call on, site for 

Break down (ভাঙি পৰা ) : The bridge broke down all of a sudden.

Give away (বিলাই দিয়া ): The Headmaster gave away the prizes.

Look after (আলপৈচান ধৰা ): We should look after our parents.

Call on (দেখা কৰা ): She will call on you tomorrow.

Site for (স্থান) : This is the site for playground.

H.S.L.C. 2011

came about, give up, for good, black sheep

Ans: Come about (ঘটা ) : I don’t know how that came about.

Give up (ত্যাগ কৰা ) : Though late we should give up our bad habit.

For good (চিৰদিনৰ বাবে ) : Ranin has left India for good.

Black sheep (কুলৰ কলংক ) : He was the black sheep of his parents.

H.S.L.C. 2012 

nook and corner, of late, with a view to, look after

Ans: Nook and corner (চুকে কোণে ) : His fame as a writer spread nook and corner of the world.

Of late (সম্প্রতি ) : Of late the price of mineral water has risen up.

With a view to (উদ্দেশে ) : Ranin went there with a view to meet his friend.

Look after (শুশ্রূষা কৰা ) : We should look after our parents.

H.S.L.C. 2013 

null and void, by dint of, with flying colours, all in all

Ans: Null and void (ব্যর্থ ) : Your policy was proved to be null and void.

By dint of (গুণৰ বলত ) : Ramesh succeeded by dint of  hard labour.

With flying colours (সগৌৰবে ) : The Indian army returned from Bangladesh with flying colours.

All in all (সর্বেসর্বা) : My father is all in all in our family. 

H.S.L.C. 2014 

Look into Call off Get rid of

Ans: Look into (অনুসন্ধান কৰা, তন্ন তন্নকৈ বিচৰা) : The police will look into the matter.

Call off  (স্তগিত ৰখা ) : The meeting was called off for bad weather.

Get rid of মুক্তি পোৱা) : At last he got rid of the problem.

H.S.L.C. 2015 

in order to, all in all, now and then, at large

Ans: In order to (উদ্দেশে) : Ram has gone to Delhi in order to get higher education.

All in all (সর্বেসর্বা) : Ramen is the all in all of his family.

Now and then (সঘনে ) : He goes to Guwahati now and then.

At large (মুক্ত, স্বাধীন) : After his father’s death, Kanak is at large.

H.S.L.C. 2016 

bring up, look for, give up, look after

Ans: Bring up (লালন-পালন কৰা ): Ram was brought up by his grandmother.

Look for ( বিচাৰি ফুৰ ): I am looking for a better day.

Give up (ত্যাগ কৰা ): We should give up our bad habits.

Look after (সেৱা কৰা): we should look after our parents.

H.S.L.C. 2017 

give away, far and wide, put out, turn up

Give away (বিলাই দিয়া ) : Please give away the apples among the students.

Far and wide (চাৰিওপিনে): His name as a great novelist spread far and wide.

Put out (নুমাই  দিয়া): Please put out the lamp.

Turn up (উপস্থিত হোৱা ): Only a few invitees have turned up.

H.S.L.C. 2018

run over, deal in, carry out, in order to

Run over (গাড়ীৰে চেপা  দিয়া): The cat was run over by the car.

Deal in (ব্যৱসায় কৰা ): Ramen deals in grocery.

Carry out (পালন কৰা ): He carried out the order of his master promptly.

In order to (উদ্দেশ্যে): Rashmi went there in order to meet his uncle.

H.S.L.C. 2019 

far and wide, break out, give up , fall short

Far and wide (চাৰিওপিনে): Rajen’s name as a young musician spread far and wide.

Break out (হঠাৎ প্ৰাদুৰ্ভাৱ হোৱা ): Small pox broke out in the village last year.

Give up (ত্যাগ কৰা): Let us give us our bad habits.

Fall short (কম হোৱা ): The fund for the cultural function fell short. 0 0 0

… Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

Chapter-8

SYNTHESIS OF SENTENCES

 H.S.L.C. 2010

(a) Where does he live? Do you know?

Ans: Do you know where he lives.

(b) He is innocent. Everybody says this.

Ans: Everybody says that he is innocent.

H.S.L.C. 2011

(a) The businessman is a miser. He has donated generously today.

Ans: The businessman who has donated generously is a miser.

(b) Why are you so late? Tell me.

Ans: Tell me why  you are so late.

H.S.L.C. 2012

(a) I speak the truth. I am not afraid of it.

Ans: I am not afraid of speaking the truth.

(b) Walk fast. You will miss the train.

Ans: Unless you walk fast you will miss the train.

H.S.L.C. 2013

(a) I have some duties. I must perform them.

Ans: I must perform my duties.

(b) This is my friend. His name is John.

Ans: This is my friend named John.

H.S.L.C. 2014

(a) The bird was very small. It could not fly. (use to ….. too)

Ans: The bird was too small to fly.

(b) He is not intelligent. He is not brave. (use neither ….. nor)

Ans: He is neither intelligent nor brave.

H.S.L.C. 2015

(a) I have lost the pen. You gave it to me.

Ans: I have lost the pen that you gave me.

(b) Health is very important. It must not be neglected.

Ans: We must not neglect health which is very important.

H.S.L.C. 2016

(a) The moon is round. It has been proved.

Ans: It has been proved that the moon is round.

(b) Where does he live? Do you know?

Ans: Do you know where he lives?

H.S.L.C. 2017

(a) Man is mortal. Everybody knows this.

Ans: Everybody knows that man is mortal.

(b) Walk fast. You will miss the train.

Ans: Unless you walk fast you will miss the train.

H.S.L.C. 2018

(a) The boy is not brave. The boy is not intelligent.

Ans: The boy is neither brave nor intelligent.

(b) The man created the trouble. The man was arrested.

Ans: The man was arrested for creating trouble.

H.S.L.C. 2019

(a) The earth is round. We can prove it.

Ans: We can prove that the earth is round.

(b) Where does he live? Do you know it?

Ans: Do you know where he lives? 0 0 0

…. Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

Chapter-9

VOCABULARY

H.S.L.C. 2011

(a) Nobody likes your — behaviour. (childish / childlike)

Ans: childish

(b) She could not — herself to the new situation. (adopt / adapt)

Ans: adapt

H.S.L.C. 2012 (Old Course)

(a) He is — of my success. (jealous / zealous)

Ans: jealous

(b) Dr. Gohain is an — scholar. (eminent / imminent)

Ans: eminent

H.S.L.C. 2013 (Old Course)

(a) Some fishes  (breathe / breed) air.

Ans: breathe

(b) They are going to the (fare / fair).

Ans: fair

H.S.L.C. 2014 

Q. Frame sentence using any one pair of the following to show their difference in meaning.

(i) Principle   Principal

(ii)Site   Cite

(iii) Adopt  Adapt

Ans:

(i) Principle: Our Head Master is a man of principle.

Principal: P. Mishra is our Principal.

(ii) Site: This is  a site for college.

Cite: Please cite an example for your comment.

(iii) Adopt: Ramen has adopted a boy-child.

Adapt: He tried his best to adapt himself to the environment.

H.S.L.C. 2015 

(a) The Brahmaputra has changed its——– (coarse/ course

Ans: course

(b) Sankardev was an ———- scholar. (eminent/ imminent)

Ans: eminent.

H.S.L.C. 2016 

(a) My warning had no ……….. on the boy. (affect/effect)

Ans: effect.

(b) He …………. to accept the money. (refused/ denied)

Ans: refused.

H.S.L.C. 2017 

(a) Rose smells …………(sweetly/sweet)

Ans: Rose smells sweet.

(b) Her handwriting is ………… illegible/ eligible)

Ans: Her handwriting is illegible.

H.S.L.C. 2018

(a) She narrated the matter (shortly/ briefly)

Ans: She narrated the matter briefly.

(b) Please (listen/ hear) to what he says.

Ans: Please listen to what he says.

H.S.L.C. 2019

(a) Mr. John will come to Guwahati. (recently/ shortly)

Ans: Mr John will come to Guwahati shortly.

(b) Popular criticism has no (effect/ affect) on the politicians.

Ans: Popular criticism has no effect on the politicians. 0 0 0

…. Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

Chapter-10

TRANSLATION

H. S. L. C. 2010

(১) ৰাজীব আৰু মই একে শ্ৰেণীত পঢ়ো ।

(২) ৰাজীবৰ দেউতাক আমাৰ শিক্ষক।

(৩) তেখেতে আমাক বিজ্ঞান শিকায়।

(৪) আজি মই স্কুললৈ যাব পৰা নাছিলো।

(৫) মোৰ মাৰ অসুখ হৈছিল।

(৬) মই ডাক্তৰ মাতিবলৈ গৈছিলো।

(৭) আবেলি মই ৰাজীবক লগ পাবলৈ গ’লো।

(৮) শ্ৰেণীত কি শিকোৱা হ’ল মই জানিব খুজিছিলো।

(৯) ৰাজীবৰ দেউতাকে মোক সুধিলে, ‘আজি তুমি স্কুললৈ যোৱা নাই, নহয়নে?’

(১০) মই তেখেতক ক’লো যে মোৰ মাকৰ অসুখ।

Ans:

(1) Rajib and I read in the same class.

(2) Rajib’s father is our teacher.

(3) He teaches us Science.

(4) I could not go to school today.

(5) My mother was ill.

(6) I went to call in a doctor.

(7) I went to meet Rajib in the afternoon.

(8) I wanted to know what had been taught in the class.

(9) Rajib’s father said to me, “You did not go to school today, did you?”

(10) I told him that my mother was ill. 

H. S. L. C. 2011

(১) ললিতা এজনী মেধাবী ছোৱালী। 

(২) এবছৰ আগতে তাইৰ মোমায়েকে এখন ইংৰাজী অভিধান তাইক উপহাৰ দিছিল।

(৩) তেওঁ তাইক কৈছিল, ‘এটা ভাষা শিকাত অভিধান এখন প্ৰয়োজনীয় আহিলা, নহয়নে?’

(৪) যদি তুমি নতুন শব্দ এটা পোৱা, অভিধানত শব্দটো চাবা আৰু তাৰ অৰ্থ আৰু ব্যৱহাৰ শিকিবা।

(৫) অভিধান কেনেকৈ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰিব লাগে তেওঁ তাইক শিকালে।

(৬) উপহাৰটোৱে সঁচাকৈয়ে ললিতাক অনুপ্ৰাণিত কৰিলে।

(৭) তেতিয়াৰ পৰা অভিধানখন পঢ়া কোঠাত তাইৰ সংগী হৈ আছে।

(৮) এতিয়া পৰীক্ষাৰ কাৰণে তাই খুব পঢ়ি আছে।

Ans:

(1) Lalita is an intelligent girl.

(2) Her maternal uncle presented her an English Dictionary.

(3) He said to her, “A dictionary is a necessary thing to learn a language, isn’t it?”

(4) If you get a new word, look up the word in the dictionary and learn its meaning and use.

(5) He taught her how to use a dictionary.

(6) Truly, the present has inspired Lalita.

(7) Since then the dictionary has been her companion in the study room.

(8) Now she has been reading much for the examination.

H. S. L. C. 2012

(১) সজ নাগৰিকসকল দেশ এখনৰ সম্পদ।

(২) দেশখনৰ উন্নতি তেওঁলোকৰ ওপৰত নিৰ্ভৰ কৰে।

(৩) ছাত্ৰ অৱস্থা হ’ল প্ৰস্তুতিৰ সময়।

(৪) এই সময়তে ছাত্ৰ-ছাত্ৰীসকলে সজ অভ্যাসবোৰ অনুশীলন কৰা উচিত।

(৫) তেতিয়াহে তেওঁলোকে ভৱিষ্যতে সুনাগৰিক হ’ব পাৰিব।

(৬) এই ক্ষেত্ৰত শিক্ষকসকলে ছাত্ৰ-ছাত্ৰীসকলক সহায় কৰিব পাৰে।

Ans:

(1) The honest citizens are the wealth of a country.

(2) The progress of the country depends on them.

(3) Student hood is the time for preparation.

(4) During this time the students should practise good habits.

(5) And then they will be able to become good citizens.

(6) In this respect the teachers can help the students.

H. S. L. C. 2013 

(১) গছৰ পাতবোৰ সেউজীয়া।

(২) গছে আমাক ফুল, ফল আৰু ছাঁ দিয়ে।

(৩) জ্ঞানীলোকে কয়, ‘এজোপা গছ দহজন পুতেকৰ সমান।’

(৪) তুমি গছৰ যতন কৰানে?

(৫) পৃথিৱীখন সেউজীয়া কৰি ৰাখিবলৈ আমি গছৰ যতন ল’বই লাগিব।

(৬) গছ আৰু প্রাণীবোৰ ইটোৱে সিটোৰ ওপৰত নিৰ্ভৰশীল।

Ans:

(1) The leaves of trees are green.

(2) Trees give us flowers, fruits and shade.

(3) The wise men say, “A tree is equal to ten sons.”

(4) Do you take care of trees?

(5) We must take care of trees to keep our earth green.

(6) The tress and animals are interdependent.

H. S. L. C. 2014

(১) অসম এখন ধুনীয়া দেশ।

(২) ই ভাৰতৰ উত্তৰ-পূৱ প্ৰান্তত অৱস্থিত।

(৩) শ্ৰীমন্ত শংকৰদেৱ অসমৰ মহানতম ব্যক্তি।

(৪) মানুহে সদায় লগৰীয়া মানুহক ভাল পাব লাগে।

(৫) তুমি মটৰ গাড়ী চলাব জানানে?

(৬) শিক্ষকজনে ৰমেনক ক’লে, ‘আলিবাট পাৰ হওঁতে সাৱধান হবা।’

Ans:

(1) Assam is a beautiful state.

(2) It is situated in the north-east corner of India.

(3) Shrimanta Sankardev is the greatest man of Assam.

(4) Man  always should love fellowmen.

(5) Do you know how to drive a car?

(6) The teacher says to Ramen, “Always be careful while crossing the road.”

H. S. L. C. 2015

(১) মায়ে মোক সুধিছিল, ‘সঁচা কথা কৈছানে?·’

(২) মই সাঁতোৰিব নোৱাৰাৰ নিচিনাই।

(৩) তুমি কেতিয়াবা সিংহ দেখিছানে?

(৪) যিজন মানুহ আজি আমাৰ স্কুললৈ আহিছিল তেখেতক মই চিনি পাওঁ।

(৫) মই নহালৈকে তুমি ৰ’বা।

Ans:

(1) Mother said to me, “Have you spoken the truth?”

(2) I can hardly swim.

(3) Have you ever seen a lion?

(4) I know the man who came to our school today.

(5) Stay until I come.

H. S. L. C. 2016

(১) এইখন কিতাপ মোৰ আৰু সেইখন তোমাৰ।

(২) সোণ এবিধ মূল্যবান ধাতু।

(৩) অনুগ্ৰহ কৰি তেওঁক দৰজাখন খুলিব কোৱা।

(৪) তেওঁ যেতিয়া আহিছিল মই বাতৰি কাকত পঢ়ি আছিলোঁ।

(৫) আলিবাট পাৰ হওঁতে সাৱধান হ’বা।

Ans:

(1) This book is mine and that  is yours.

(2) Gold is a precious metal.

(3) Please tell him to open the door.

(4) When he came I was reading a newspaper.

(5) Be careful while crossing a road.

H. S. L. C. 2017 

(১) পৃথিৱীখন ঘূৰণীয়া।

(২) তেওঁলোকক ভিতৰলৈ আহিবলৈ দিয়া।

(৩) তুমি নিতৌ কিমান সময় লিখা-পঢ়া কৰা ?

(৪) আজি ৰাতি বৰষুণ দিব পাৰে।

(৫) বুঢ়া  মানুহজনে বৰ লাহ লাহে কথা কয়।

Ans:

(i) The Earth is round.

(ii) Let them come in.

(iii) How much time do you read daily?

(iv) It may rain to-night.

(v) The old man speaks slowly.

H. S. L. C. 2018 

(১) মীনা যেনেকুৱা বুধিয়ক, লীলাও তেনেকুৱা।

(২) জোনে ৰাতিহে পোহৰ দিয়ে।

(৩) তুমি কালি স্কুললৈ গৈছিলানে?

(৪) সি ককায়েকক খুব ভাল পায়।

(৫)ৰিন্টুৱে কৈছিল, “এইটো কি সুন্দৰ পুতলা!”

Ans: 

(i) Leela is as intelligent as Mina is.

(ii) The Moon shines at night only.

(iii) Did you go to school yesterday?

(iv) He loves his elder brother very much.

(v) Rintu said, “What a beautiful doll it is!”

H. S. L. C. 2019

(১) যদুয়ে মোক সুধিছিল, “ৰাজু ইংৰাজীত ভালনে?”

(১) দোকমোকালিতে শোৱাৰ পৰা উঠাটো তেওঁৰ অভ্যাস।

(১) মিছা কথা কোৱা উচিত নহয়।

(১) সৌ গছডাল ইমান ওখ!

(১) কিতাপখন টেবুলৰ ওপৰত আছে।

Ans:  (i) Jadu said to me, Is Raju good at English?”

(II) It is his habit to get up at dawn.

(ii) We should not tell a lie.

(iv) How tall that tree is!

(v) The book is on the table.  0 0 0

…. Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

 COMPOSITION

 

Chapter -1

SUBSTANCE WRITING

Q. Give the substance of the following passage:

(a) The progress of a nation depends on the honesty, labour and achievements of her people. Social evils and the vices are the results of human weakness. They gradually destroy the wealth of a nation. These cannot be removed by laws. To attain national prosperity, individual morality is more important than man-made laws and instructions. In a nation, there may have a large number of educated people as well as sages and philosopher, but if its citizens are dishonest, idle and negligent of their respective duties then all are vain. The nation will be proved the poorest of all, however rich in resources.

Ans: The progress and honour of a nation depends upon its honest and duty-conscious people. The social vices and evils can never be swept away by laws but by its honest, active and dutiful people.

(b)There are books which are really no books at all, and to read which is mere waste of time; while there are others so bad that we cannot read them without great harm. It is no doubt good to be warned against temptations and dangers of life; but anything that familiarizes us with evil is in itself an evil. So also there are others which one can read without being the better of them. By useful literature we do not mean only what will help a man in his business or profession. That is useful no doubt, but by no means the highest use of books. The best books raise us into a region of selfless thought where the troubles and anxieties of the world are almost forgotten.  HSLC ’15

Ans: There are two kind of books: bad books and good books. Bad books are temptations to evil thoughts which do great harms. On the other hand good books raise the readers into a region of selfless thought and make them forget the troubles and anxieties of the world.

(c)   It is very difficult to get rid of bad habits. So, one should be very careful that one does not form bad habits during the early years of life. Idleness is one such bad habits. Every boy and girl should be diligent. They should avoid idleness like  poison. Some of them love to remain in bed long after day break and get out of  bed most unwillingly. Even after that they waste time over trifles and spend as  little time as they can in reading. As a result, they cannot learn much as they should. What is worse, they become so accustomed to such a bad habit that they  cannot shake it off – even with their greatest efforts. This bad habits then holds them hard in its coils like a large snake. HSLC ‘16

Ans: If once a bad habit is formed it become very difficult to get rid of it. Bad habit includes getting up late at day break, spend time in trifles, neglect one’s duty etc. To make our life a happy, secure and prosperous one we must form good habits from our early life.

(d) It is easy to acquire bad habits, such as eating too much food or eating too many sweets or drinking too much fluid of any kind or smoking. The more we do a thing, the more we tend to like doing it and if we do not continue to do it, we feel unhappy. This is called the force of habit and the force of habit should be fought against. Things which may be very good when only done from time to time tend to become very harmful when done too often and too much. This applies even to such good things as work or rest. Some people form a habit of working too much and others of idling too much. The wise man always remembers that this is the true about himself and checks any bad habit. He says to himself, “I am now becoming idle” or “I smoke too much” and then adds, “I will get myself out of this bad habit at once.”  HSLC ’17

Ans: Habit is a second nature. If we a do a thing too often or so much then it become a habit. A habit is such a thing, if it is not continued then it makes us feel unhappy. The wise people always avoids forming any bad habit. If somehow they become addicted to any bad habit they can get out of it at once. We should form good habits from our childhood. 

(e) Of all the amusement which can possibly be imagined for a hard working man after his daily labour there is nothing like reading an entertaining book. It calls for no bodily exertion, of which he had enough. It relieves his home of its dullness. It transports him to a livelier and more interesting scene. While he enjoys there, he may forget the evils of the present moment. Nay, it accompanies him to his next day’s work and if the book is an interesting one, it gives him something to think of besides the drudgery of his everyday occupation. If I were to pray for a taste it would be a taste for reading. Give a man this taste and the means of gratifying it, you will find a happy man. You place him in contact with the best writers of every age recorded in history and then you will find him like a citizen of all nations and a contemporary of all ages.  HSLC ’18

Ans:  Book reading is the best entertainment after hard work. It calls for no bodily exertion. It relieves us of daily dullness. Book reading gives us something to think of besides the drudgery of our everyday occupation.  Book reading  turns us into  a citizen of all nations and a contemporary of all ages.

(f)The work which Gandhi had taken up  was not only the achievement of political freedom but also the establishment of a social order based on truth and non-violence, unity and peace, equality and universal brotherhood and maximum freedom for all. The unfinished part of his experiment was perhaps more difficult to achieve than the achievement of political freedom. In  the political struggle against a foreign power all one could do was either join it or wish it success and give it their moral support. In establishing a social order of this pattern, there was a likely possibility of a conflict  arising between groups and classes of our own people. Experience shows that man values his possessions even more than his life because in the former he sees the means for continuity and survival of his descendants even after his body is reduced to ashes. A new order cannot be established without changing the mind,  for at some stage or the other the rich have to yield place to the poor to achieve a kind of egalitarian society.  HSLC ‘19

Ans: Gandhi worked not only for political freedom but also for the establishment of a social order based on non-violence, unity, peace, equality and universal brotherhood. But later on ,it was realised that this goal could not be achieved because a man gives more value to his possessions than to  his life. So to bring about a change in society we should try to change the mentality of its people.  0 0 0

…. Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

 

 Chapter-2

ESSAY WRITING

 

Science in Everyday Life  (HSLC ‘17)

Systematic and analytical knowledge of anything is called Science. Modern age is an age of science which has affected our every sphere of everyday life. The inventions of science have made our life more secure, easy and comfortable.

Science has entirely transformed the transport system of the world. Nowadays we have motor-cars, aeroplane, electricity, telephone, mobile phone, telegram, radio, television etc. which have quickened the transport and communicative systems of modern world. 

In the field of Medical Science, the gift of science is immense. Nowadays almost every disease is a subject of cure and remedy due to the use of science. We have x-rays, xerox, ultra-sound and many other instruments to examine our body. Thus science has made our life-span longer and happier.

Science, to say, is a faithful servant to a modern man. The alarm clock wakes him at any hour he likes. The electric oven prepares his meals. The cooker cooks his food. The television, radio, internet etc. give him daily news and information.

The use of science makes us know and reveal the mystery of the universe. By means of science, the scientists have become able to send rockets to the remote planets.

There is no doubt that science has made our life more and more comfortable. But it has also made our life complex and artificial. But the benefits of its use outweigh its ill. 0 0 0

 

Punctuality (HSLC ‘19)

There is a popular proverb that-Time and tide wait for none. It is a universal truth that time is a thing that never learns to stop. It is flying all the moments. Time once passed cannot be regained. It is so valuable that no money can buy a passed time.

Everybody should be very mindful to the proper use of time because life is a collection of time. We should do the right things at the right moments. Student should make good use of time in reading and acquiring knowledge. Businessmen should use time in such a manner that they may prosper in their business. Success in every sphere of life depends on the proper use of time. 

Idleness is said to be the killer of time. Those who spend time in idleness must suffer in life. We should not waste the precious moments of life in idle talk, in reading bad books or doing things that have no good effects.

Human life is precious. The value of life is counted on the deeds one performs in life and the great deeds are performed by them who take care of every moment in life. Time is flying fast. We must seize it before it flies away and put it to our best use. In brief to say we all should maintain punctuality in life. 0 0 0

 

The Festival You Like Most (HSLC ‘16, ‘19)

or

The  National Festival of Assam 

Introduction: The Bihu is the national festival of Assam. There are three Bihus in a year as-Rangali Bihu, Kati Bihu and Bhogali Bihu.

Rangali Bihu: The Rangali Bihu starts from the last day of the month of chaitra and it continues for seven days to the sixth day of the month of Bahag. The young boys and girls dance in the open fields in festive mood. It is also called Spring Festival. It symbolizes the youth of life. Some customs are observed. People take new clothes. Gamoshas are presented to the kith and kins. Cows are worshiped. In the Rangali Bihu people enjoy much and it lasts for a week for which it is called the Great Bihu.

Kati Bihu: The Kati Bihu begins on the last day of the month of Ashwin. In this Bihu the fields remain bare. Foods and grains found scanty. So it is called Kangali Bihu (Bihu of Scarcity). Only the lamps are lit in the paddy fields as a mark of worshiping Laxmi Devi.

Bhogali Bihu: The Bhogali Bihu starts on the last day of the month of Puha. It continues for seven days. In this month the granary of the peasants are full of harvested crops. So many sorts of delicious dishes of foods as- pithas, cakes, sweets, laddus are prepared. People eat them up to their greed. Kith and kins are invited and offered delicious items of foods.  In this Bihu people eat plenty of food. So this Bihu is called Bhogali Bihu (Bihu of Food). Mezis made of straw and bamboo is burnt for amusement. 

Conclusion: The Bihus are the part and parcels of Assamese culture. It is the symbol of peace, love, harmony and life. The Assamese are very proud of the Bihus. 0 0 0

 

My Favourite Hero in History (HSLC ’19)

or

Life of A Great Man

or

Mahatma Gandhi

A man is called great when he contributes something to the cause of human peace, unity, happiness, brotherhood or fellow-feeling. There is no dearth of great men who have contributed to the growth and prosperity of human civilization. But among them I have chosen Mahatma Gandhi as my ideal great man.Mahatma Gandhi’s original name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born in Rajkot in Gujarat on the 2nd October, 1869. His father Karamchand Gandhi was the Prime Minister of Rajkot. His mother Putlibai was a saintly lady.

He took his early education in Rajkot and after passing the Entrance Examination; he went to England and became a lawyer.  Gandhi practiced law in the Bombay High Court. Then he went to South Africa and joined the bar. 

In 1915 he returned to India and took the leadership of Indian National Congress and started several movements against the British. At last under his leadership, India got independence from the British on 15th August, 1947. 

I admire him the most. It is because he sacrificed his life for the cause of our nation. Besides this, he tried his best to unite Hindu and Muslims.

He was a great social worker also. He tried to banish untouchability and communalism from India. He gave much importance to the development of cottage industry in India. He introduced Basic Education in India. He was a writer also. His autobiography My Experience with Truth is praised by millions of readers. He was assassinated by a fanatic Hindu named Nathuram Goddse on 30th January, 1948. 

We should follow the great ideals of Mahatma Gandhi. 0 0 0 

 

My Last Day at School (HSLC ’18)

It was 29th December, 2011 that became my historic last day at my school. The result of our Test Examination had already been out and all the students who were going to appear in the H. S. L. C. Examination from the school were invited by the General Secretary of the school on 29th December to bid them farewell.

At 1 p. m. the Farewell-meeting was held over which the Headmaster of our school presided. Just before the start of the meeting a group photo of the students with the teacher- staff was taken. The meeting started with a song in chorus. As the meeting progressed, I felt uneasy at the thought of leaving the school where I had been reading for six years. 

The General Secretary of the Students’ Union spoke out the purpose of the meeting. Some junior students of the school addressed to the meeting first. They expressed their best wishes to the examinees and requested to forgive their faults in dealing with us. Then our turn came. The first boy of our class stood up first. He expressed his gratitude to the teachers who enabled us to appear in the examination. Secondly, I stood up. At first I had to stammer because my heart was paining with the thought of separation from my teachers and school-mates. I begged of my teachers to excuse us for our conscious and unconscious wrong dealings and finally, thanking the students for their grand arrangements to honor us by holding this meeting, I stopped my fare-welling speech. 

At last our respected Headmaster stood up and wished us to do well in the examination. He warned us to avoid unfair means in the examination. He also admonished us to be good citizens along with becoming good students in life. After the presidential address the meeting came to an end.

After the meeting we were entertained with sweet-meats. In this way my last day at school was a day of mixed feeling-feeling of sadness and pleasure.  I shall remember this day all my life. 0 0 0 

 

Kaziranga National Park (HSLC ‘15)

Kaziranga National Park, a site for world heritage is situated in the districts of Golaghat and Nagoan, Assam. Its land area is 430 square kilometer. The nearest city to Kaziranga is Jorhat, Tezpur. It is declared as a national park by the Indian Government in 1905. It is especially famous for one-horned rhinoceros. The park hosts two-third of the world’s one-horned rhinoceros. The term ‘Kaziranga’ is derived from the Karbi word ‘kajir-a-rang’ which means ‘the village of the Kajir’.

According to a popular traditional belief, once the locality of Kaziranga was ruled by a Karbi woman named Kajir and after her name the area ruled by her was called by Kaziranga.

Through the bed of Kaziranga two rivers- Diflu and Vengra and many streams have been flowing from east to west. Its soil is fertile done by the mud of the mighty Brahmaputra. Kaziranga is the habitat of many precious wild animals, birds and trees. Of the total area the 28 percent is covered by variety of trees, 66 percent is grassland and 6 percent is covered by marshy area.

Among its trees there are shal, shishu, cotton, jamu, ajar, kabai, sunaru, teak and many others. Among its animals there are rhinoceros, buffalo, elephant, deer, monkey, porcupine, cats, jackal, leopard etc. The park is full of many kinds of birds among which mention may be made of cock, ducks, vulture, goose, wren, crow, pigeon, bulbul, parrot, kite, heron, and so on.

Kaziranga now has been facing a menace of poachers. Every year many rhinoceros have been poached by the poacher because of its horn. Many elephants are killed for its teeth. Another menace the park has been facing is the cutting of its trees and deforestation caused by the explosion of population. Every year many acres of land of the park have been deforested and occupied by the homeless people ignoring the law. In addition to these the great flood has been doing great erosion to the park every year bedsides taking away the lives of many birds and animals. 

The Kaziranga National Park is maintained by the Government by Assam. But in time to time the Indian Government also renders financial assistance an suggestions for its conservation and development. For its maintenance there is a especial forest force with modern facilities. 

Kaziranga is now a world heritage and many tourists from other states and even from foreign countries come to Assam to enjoy the wild animals especially world famous one horned rhinoceros and its natural beauty. To visit the entire Kaziranga there are departmental elephant, cars, boats etc. In Kohera there is an inn for the tourists. Every year the Assam Government has been earning a lot of royalties from the Kaziranga National Park. 

Kaziranga is not a forest or park only but also a resource of bio-diversity. The people of Assam as well India are proud of it. We should protect this world heritage from the hand of the poachers, smugglers, and illegal intruders and to bring about this into reality the local people must cooperate with the government.  0 0 0 

 

A Journey by Bus (HSLC ‘15)

Introduction: Picnic means feasting for pleasure with one’s friends, colleagues or relatives taken out of home. After the Half-yearly Examination, we the students of class x, decided to go for a picnic. On our headmaster’s advice we decided to go and have a feast at Kajiranga.

Time: Our Half-yearly Examination ended on the 30th of June, 2011 and we started for the picnic on the 1st July. We had thirty students and two teachers with us. We started very early in the morning. We took necessary food-staff, utensils and firewood with us. 

Description of the Venue: We contracted an omnibus to carry us to Kajiranga. We arrived there at 1 p. m. Kagiranga is a region of natural beauty. It is full of all kinds of flora and fauna. We enjoyed heart-attracting beauty in and around. We enjoyed the sights and sounds of various kinds of trees, herbs, birds and animals. We saw a lion and a tigress with her cub, besides many others. We enjoyed the leaping and dancing of a pair of pea-cocks. We were enamored of the murmuring sound of the brook flowed down from the hills. Our English teacher played on a violin which added more joys to our merriment.

Food and Refreshment: On reaching the place we had tea with loaves and bananas. After this we enjoyed the natural sights of that place. After 4 o’ clock in the evening we took our meal with great rejoice. 

Other Entertainment: After meal we took rest for a while. Some of us danced and sang Bihu songs. Thus we enjoyed the whole day enjoying all sorts of merriment.

Conclusion: At 6 o’ clock in the evening, we got on the bus and started our return journey. Our hearts pained to leave such a place of natural beauty. I shall remember the joys and experience of this day all my life. 0 0 0

 

Physical Exercise

or 

Benefits of Physical Exercise HSLC ’18)

Physical exercise refers to bodily movement or the use of the parts of our body in order to keep our body active and healthy. In other words to say, physical exercise is a course of activities followed regularly for a good health. Walking, riding, swimming, running, playing etc. are some forms of good physical exercise.

There is a great value of exercise. It improves our health. It makes our body sound, strong and active. Physical exercise fall a good effect both on our body and mind. It is said, ‘Health is wealth.’ A sound mind in a sound body is a source of happiness. Those who ignore physical exercise become weak in mind and health. A man of weak health suffers in life. He is attacked by many diseases.

There are many people who refuse to take physical exercise and grow up to suffer a lot in life. The students should be very careful about their health. They should remember that time spent in exercise is never wasted. They should take part in games and sports.  Health is the source of all happiness and bliss. If we lose health, we lose precious wealth in life.

There are many forms of exercise. But all forms of exercise are not suitable for all. Strong men can take almost all forms of exercise but the weak and the old cannot do so. Of all forms of exercises, regular walking up to at least three kilometers is considered to be a good exercise.

To keep our body and mind healthy, active, strong and fit there is no substitute to physical exercise. 0 0 0

 

Television

Introduction: The television is a modern invention of science. It is a chief means of entertainment as well as easiest means of communication. In television we can see and enjoy events along with speeches taking place somewhere in the world.

Origin and Functions: Television was invented by an English scientist named John Baird in 1925. There are two types of television as: black- white and colouring.  It is a very strong means of communication as it broadcasts news, cinemas, songs and many other branches of entertainments. In preaching advertisement it plays an important role.  In forming public opinion it plays a significant role.

In some countries the governments have undertaken a new policy to spread education through television.  It is hoped that the education spread through television would enable the young generation to face the complexity of the present day world with much skill and enthusiasm.

Its Bad Effects: As almost all the inventions of science bear both good and bad sides so is borne by television also. many times television exhibits some false news and rumours which bewilder its spectators.  More over all the news are not always impartial. Many programmes are run by television but all the programmes don’t suit to everybody. So some amount of carefulness should be maintained while enjoying the programmes. The students should watch those programmes only which are suited to their age and mind. They should not use it as mere means of entertainment. in addition to these, too much watching of television is harmful both to the eyes and mind.

Conclusion: Television is a necessary thing of the civilized world. But we should use it avoiding its bad effects. 

 

My School Library (HSLC ’17)

Library is room or building where books on different subjects are kept for study. A library is a necessary condition without which a school can never be perfect school. Our school has owned a spacious library.

Our school library is adjacent to the Teachers’ Common Room. It is a big room with almost all the modern scientific facilities. A senior teacher of our school is in charge of the library. There are some hard and fast rules for managing our library.

There are more than ten thousands books in our library. Besides school books, there are many books on different branches of human knowledge. The school authority provides news papers, magazines and journals for our study in the library. Books are issued for a period of fifteen days. Our library authority lends five books to the poor students at a time. I am a regular reader of our library. I spend my leisure hours in the library reading the literary magazines.

Our library has been serving students since its establishment in 1971 and thus it has been exercising its roles in disseminating knowledge and wisdom. I am proud of my School Library. 0 0 0.

… Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

Chapter-3

STORY WRITING

Q. Write a story in about 150 words using the outline given below. Also add a title to it. 6 Marks

(a) Outline:  A sly fox saw a crow with a piece of meat in her beak— thought out a plan to get it— praised the crow for her beauty— expressed sorrow that the crow was dumb— being flattered the crow began to caw— the piece of meat dropped down— the fox ran off with it.  HSLC ’16

Ans:  

Title: A Cunning Fox and a Foolish Crow

One day a hungry fox saw a crow with a piece of meat in her beak. The crow was sitting on a branch of a tree and was about to eat the piece of meat. The fox thought out a plan to get that piece of meat. Then the fox going under the tree began to praise the crow saying, “You are very beautiful to look at. But sorrow is that you are dumb. If you could sing song how melodious it would have been!” Being flattered by the fox, the crow felt pride and began to caw. As soon as the crow opened his mouth the piece of meat fell down from her mouth. Then picking up the piece of meat, the fox ran away to a nearby jungle and ate the piece of meat.

Moral: We should not be deceived by flattery.

 

(b) (Outline): One day twelve fools start on a journey ——— cross a river ——— count themselves ———— each one not counting himself ————— each time counts eleven —————— a passerby offers to produce the twelfth man ————— pays each fool a blow —————— counts twelve. HSLC ‘`18

Ans:

Title: Twelve Fools

One day  a company of twelve fools started on a journey to a far off land. On their way, they  crossed a river and count themselves. First one of them count their number. But he found them eleven.  Then another man count them. But alas! he also found them eleven. Likewise everyone count them and found them to be eleven.  Then they offered a passerby  to find out  the twelfth man. He payed each fool a blow on the head and counted twelve. The mystery was that each one count them without counting himself.

Moral: Fools are always to suffer

 

(c) The lion, king of beasts — kills many animals — all animals — hold a meeting — decide to send one animal to the lion everyday — lion agrees — the turn of the hare — arrives late — tells there is another lion in the forest — wanted to seize and kill him — hare takes the lion to the deep well — the lion sees his reflection — thinks there is another lion in the well — jumps in.  HSLC ‘15

Ans:  

Title: The Clever Hare and the Foolish Lion

Once there was a lion in a forest. It was very ferocious and cruel and claimed to the king of the beasts. It used to kill all other animals in large number to satiate his hunger. As a result the number of other animals began to decrease day by day. It became a source of terror for all the animals. So one day all the animals held a meeting and decided that the animals would send one animal to the lion per day. The lion agreed to their proposal and ceased to kill animals randomly.  From the day onward an animal began to be sent to the lion  as the lion’s daily meal. Thus the days were passing on. But one day the turn came to a hare. The hare was very intelligent and shrewd. He made a plan to arrive at the appointed spot very late. On the other hand, the lion was waiting for the hare eagerly. At last, after too much late, the hare came to the lion as his prey. The lion made a loud roar and  said to the hare, ”Why are you too late?” The hare said, ”I am late because  in the same forest there is another lion who stood on my way and wanted to eat me.”

Hearing this, the lion became very angry and envious of the other lion. He said to the hare, ”Show me the lion. Where is that?” The hare ushered the lion to a deep well. The lion stood on the brink of well and saw its reflection in the water. Then the lion made a loud roar and jumped down to kill the other lion. As soon as the lion jumped down, it fell down the  well and died pathetically.

Since then  other animals of the forest got rid of the ferocious lion  and lived ever after happily.

Moral: Intelligence is superior to physical strength.

 

(d) A car hits an old man and escapes …….. he is injured badly…………………. crowd gather on the spot ………………. only show sympathy ………………… they speak about the evil of rash driving ……….. nobody comes forward to help the injured man …………. two school boys arrive ……………… feel sorry for the old man …………. take to hospital.  HSLC ‘17 ’19

Ans: 

Title: Education makes us responsible to society

One afternoon an old man was walking back home from the market. He was very weak and poor. Lots of cars, rickshaws, vans were running on the way. Suddenly a truck in full speed came from the opposite direction and hit the old man. He fell down the road. The old man lost one of his legs and got wounded pathetically. He fell senseless. Blood was spreading out in full swing. People ran to the spot. The driver got off the truck and began to ran off. But some people caught him and began to beat him. People gathered there and began to sympathies with the old man. Some people began to call bad names of the truck driver and some began to criticize the evils of rash driving. But no one came forward to help the injured old man. After sometime two school boys  happened to arrive at the spot. They felt sorry for the accident and  took the old man to the nearby hospital instantly.

Moral: Better to do than to criticize. 0 0 0.

… Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

 Chapter-4

LETTER WRITING

Q.1. Your friend is ill. Write a letter to him/her wishing a speedy recovery.

Ans:

November 1, 2018

Dear Friend Asha,

Take my heartiest love and convey my respect to your parents.

I have been missing you since the last Monday and was anxious about you. But I have come to know from Nabin that you have been suffering from fever for several days. It is a sad news for me. 

I think that you have already consulted a doctor and have been taking medicine. I heard that Dr. Panchanon gives very good treatment of fever. You may consult him.

You may not imagine that how much we have been feeling your absence. I pray to God that may He bless you with quick recovery. 

I shall be waiting for your regular presence in the class.

Yours Friend

 Janesh

To,

Name: …………………..

C/O: …………………

Village: ……………….

P.O. ……………..

Dist: ……………..

Pin : ……………. 

Q.2.Write a letter to your friend telling him about your daily life.  HSLC ‘16

Ans: 

Paharpur, Kukrajhar

17 th February 2019

Dear Friend X,

I have received your letter just now. From your letter I have come to know that you are very anxious to know about my daily life. Here I am going to tell you in brief.

You know that I like simplicity in all matter. Hence my daily life is very simple. I usually get up early in the morning and take a morning walk for twenty minutes. After this, wash my hand and face and offer my morning prayer to God. Then I take breakfast and after this I sit down to read books. In the morning, I usually read  Assamese and English. I continue my studies till 8 o’clock. Then I take my bath and food. At about 8.45  I take my books and walk on to school. 

After the school is over, I return home at about 3 o’ clock in the evening. After returning home, I take food and then take rest for an hour. In the evening I either play with my brother or watch television. At night I read books till 10 o’ clock and then I go to sleep. This is how I spend my daily life.

Please tell me about yours.

Yours friend

Y.

To,

Name: …………………..

C/O: …………………

Village: ……………….

P.O. ……………..

Dist: ……………..

Pin : ……………. 

Q.3. Write a letter to your father/guardian requesting him /her to send you some money that you need to buy a new set of uniform.  HSLC ‘17

Ans: 

N M Academy Hostel

Date: 15 the March 2019

Respectable Father,

At the outset of my writing please take my respect and convey my love and affection to my younger sister Rubi. I am well by the good grace of God. Hope that you are all well at home. 

Here I am well accommodated in the hostel. All my classmates and hostel mates are very friendly  and they help me in preparing my lessons.

But father, I am in need of buying a set of new uniform as my old set of uniform has worn out.  I have been suffering from inferior complexity in my worn out uniform. So please sent me about one thousand rupees as soon as possible so that I can buy a new set of uniform. Hope that you would appreciate the urgency of my need. I shall be waiting eagerly.

Yours Faithfully

X.

To,

Name: …………………..

Village: ……………….

P.O. ……………..

Dist: ……………..

Pin : ……………. 

Q.4.Write a letter to your your friend telling him what you intend to do after the HSLC Examination. HSLC ‘`18

Ans: 

Kahikuchi

27-02-2019

Dear Friend, X

Your letter is at my hand. Thank you for your fine letter. Going through your letter, I have come to know that you are very anxious to know about what I intend to do after the HSLC Examination. Here I am telling in brief —

You know that I like to read books after books. Moreover I have a long hope to study English  as major subject in my college life. So I have intended to study English novels, short stories and literary criticism to gather good knowledge of literature.  There are a great deal of books in our village library. I hope to read them as much as I can. I think the reading of those books would be helpful to  build my future career. Have you the novel entitled “The War and Peace” by Leo Tolstoy? If you have, please send me the book by post. I assure you, I will return it after my perusal.

No more today. Please let me know about your plan that you intend to pursue after the examination.

Yours faithfully.

Y.

To,

Name: …………………..

Village: ……………….

P.O. ……………..

Dist: ……………..

Pin : ……………. 

Q.5. Write a letter to  the Editor of a local daily expressing your concern over the incidents of crime against woman in Assam. HSLC ’19

Ans: 

Joytinagar, Ghy-14

Date: 21st April, 2019

To, The Editor

The Assam Tribune

Ghy-3

Sir,

Through the column of your esteemed daily, I would like to express my concern over the incident of crime against women in India, especially in Assam.

It is a daily new that women, girls and even the underage children are being sexually abused all over Assam off and on. It is also a frequent news that some women are forced to take up the job of prostitute to earn some money. Moreover girl child are sent to work either to some private households or to some industries. Every year many married women are compelled to commit suicide for being unable to bring dowry from their parents.

Against all these abuse and crime, I think, the general public should be conscious and women also be persuaded to become aware of their rights and stand up for them. 

Through this esteem daily I draw the attention of the government as well as of the public in general to come forward with a strong movement against this crime.

Yours faithfully

Xy.

Q.6.Write a letter to the Editor of a local English  newspaper about frequent load shedding in the evening in your locality.  HSLC ‘15

Ans:

Shanti Nagar, Barpeta

Date: 24th February, 2019

To,

The Editor

The Assam Tribune

Chandmari, Guwahati-3

 Inconvenience caused by load-shedding.

 Sir,

Through the column of your esteemed daily I would like to draw the attention of the authority concerned to the problem of frequent load-shedding in our locality.

Our locality is a premier place in the district. But I regret to say that frequent load-shedding has made our life miserable. Indiscriminate power-cuts over wide areas for hours together have become a regular feature now-a-days. Houses, shops, factories -all reel under the staggering load-shedding. Students and teachers are the worst sufferers. It seems the local division of the Assam State Electricity Board (A.S.E.B) pays no attention to this burning problem.

I, therefore, through your esteem daily, urge the authority concerned to take some urgent steps to eradicate the problem.

Yours truly

Y

0 0 0

…. Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

Chapter-5

REPORT WRITING 

Q.1 A Flood relief work has been done by the students of your school. Write a report for your local daily using the information given below:  HSLC ’15

Date and time of the work.

How the place was reached

Number of students taking part

Number of people affected

Relief materials distributed

Conclusion

Ans:

Flood Relief Work Done By the Students of J. K. College

Barpeta, July 2: A Flood Relief Camp was organized by the students of J. K. College yesterday at K. P. L. P. School, Kamalpur. The distance from Barpeta town to Kamalpur is about 7 k. m. A group of 15 the students of the college reached the place by a hired boat. Along with the students two teachers took part in the relief operation. All the students, teachers and local people donated to the fund.

About 20,000 people were affected by the flood. The relief materials were distributed to about 500 people who took shelter on the road. Different food items and clothes were distributed. The honorable principal of the college donated 100 packs of dry milks to the babies.  Necessary medicine was also provided with the affected people. Thus the students and the teachers of J. K. College helped the flood affected people. (Local Correspondent, The Assam Tribune)

Q.2. Write a report for a newspaper on the basis of the information given below:  HSLC ‘16, ’19

(i) 20- 11- 2015

(ii) Guwahati

(iii) The Guwahati Book Fair commenced.

(iv) Opened by the Hon’ble Governor of Assam.

(v) Publishers  from the state and outside it participated.

(vi) Nice opening function- large gathering and good sale expected.

Ans: Guwahati, Dec 20: The 23rd Guwahati Book Fair commenced on the 20th of November, 2017 at Nehru Stadium.   The book fair was inaugurated by the honourable Governor of Assam. On this occasion the people around the locality seemed to be in festive mood. A lot of book-sellers and publishers from the nook and corner of Assam participated in the book fair. Some publishers from Delhi and Bombay also took part in it. 

The opening of the fair was a grand one. Some distinguished persons of Assam along with the local people gathered there and they lit earthen lamp. Then the honourable Governor Assam delivered a brief lecture of the relevancy of book fair in the present day. The honourable Education Minister of Assam was also present. He delivered a few but catchy words to the people focusing on the benefits of  book fair. Many book lovers thronged there. The organizing committee has expected a good sale of books as the books selves are replete with the books of various genres. The organizing authority reports that the fair would continue a till 27th November.(Local Correspondent, The North-east)

Q.3. Write a report for a local daily on the basis of the information given below: HSLC ‘17

(i) 5-2-2016

(ii) Guwahati

(iii) Fire in Athgaon Area

(iv) One godown gutted

(v) Fire fighters and local people doused the fire

(vi) Goods worth several lacs burnt to ashes.

Ans:

Fire at Athgaon

(Guwahati, 6th May, 2016): A huge fire set in Athgoan yesteryear at 5 p.m. The fire burnt several houses including a jut godown. The cause and resource of the fire has not been known till the time of  this report. Local people said that the fire might have been caught from the blacksmith’s hut near the godown. The fire brigade came late by an hour after only getting burnt down the godown and the attached seven houses into ashes. The local people gathered and they tried their best, along with the fire brigade, to put down the conflagration. It took five hours to get the fire extinguished. It is reported that goods worth several lacs has been burnt to ashes. (Local Correspondent, The North-East)

Q.4  Write a report for a local daily on the basis of the information given below: HSLC ‘18

(i) 12-08-2017

(ii) Majuli

(iii) Embankment of the Brahmaputra breached

(iv) Flood water from Arunachal hills added to the fury of the flood caused by the breach.

(v) Large areas inundated by the flood water and several villages and paddy fields severely affected.

(vi) Government relief not enough for the flood-affected people.

(vi) Many organisations came forward to help the affected people with relief materials.

Ans: 

Deadly Flood in Majuli

(12 -08-2017): The Majuli which is considered to be one the world heritage is under great flood. Due to the continuous rainfall during the  last week, the embankment of the Brahmaputra has breached and the over water of the mighty Brahmaputra has inundated the whole of Majuli. At the mean time the flood water from Arunachal hills has added to the fury of the flood caused by the breach. Several villages and the paddy field with lives of  people and animals are severely affected. The Government has been distributing relief to the affected people. But this is not enough. Of course some non-governmental organizations have come forward to help the affected people with relief materials. They have been  labouring day and night to shift the badly affected people to safe places. (Local Correspondent, The Assam Tribune)

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…. Ready Guide on Seba English X ….

 

Chapter-6

PASSAGE COMPREHENSION

Q. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:  HSLC ’17

Trees help to support man’s life by supplying the atmosphere with oxygen which is  essential to life. The oxygen in the air is constantly being used up and turned into carbon-di-oxide which is the food that plants eat. The leaves of trees (in fact, of all green plants_ absorb this carbon-di-oxide and with the help of sunlight breaks it down into carbon and oxygen. The carbon is used to make starch and the oxygen is released into the air, so  replacing the oxygen used up by animals. But for the, animals would die for lack of oxygen.

Starch and other carbon compounds made in the green leaves of trees (and other green plants too) serve as food for animals. The tiny green cells of plants are wonderful laboratories which produce all the starch in the world. But for this service done by plants, all animals would sooner or later die for lack of food.

Questions:

(i) What is the food that plants eat.? 1

(ii) How do the green cells of plants serve the animals? 2

(iii) How do leaves of trees break down carbon-di-oxide into carbon and oxygen? 2

Ans: 

(i) Carbon-di-oxide is the food that plants eat.

(ii) The green cells of trees produce all the starch in the world which the animals living on the earth take as food. Thus the green cells of trees serve the animals.

(iii) The leaves of all green plants absorb the carbon-di-oxide and with the help of sunlight breaks it down into carbon and oxygen.

Q.  Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:  H.S.L.C.  ’16,  ’18

Papers is one of the most important articles that we use in day-to-day life. If there had been no paper, our civilization would not have progressed so fast. Great scientists write their thoughts on papers and then carry out their experiments. Great engineers  draw their plans on paper first and then build houses, bridges, dams and so on. Great thoughts are written or printed on paper for everyone to read. If there was no paper, we would not have all the good books that are available in the world. Without paper it would be difficult for the people of one country to know about the people of another country.

Questions:

(i) Why is paper most essential thing for mankind? 2

(ii) What would have happened if there were no paper? 2

(iii) Mention three uses of paper. 1

Ans:

(i) Paper is most essential thing because paper has contributed much to the progress of our civilization. All the great books have been written on paper studying which we can know lots of thing.

(ii) If there were no paper, we would have not all the books that are available in the world. Without paper it would be difficult for people of one country to know about the people of another country.

(iii) The uses of paper are – scientist write their thoughts on paper, great engineers draw their plans on paper and great thoughts are written on paper for everyone to read.

Q. Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow:  H.SL.C. 2018

The fiercely independent people of Coorg are possibly of Greek or Arab descent. As one story goes, a part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled here when return became impractical. These people married among the locals and their  culture is apparent in the martial traditions, marriage and religious rites, which are distinct from the Hindu mainstream. The theory of Arab origin draws support from the long, black coat with embroidered waist-belt worn by the Kodavus, known as Kuppiya; it resembles the Kuffiya worn by the Arabs and the Kurds.

Questions:

(i) Of which descent are the people of Coorg? 1

(ii) What is the story about the Greek origin of the people of Coorg? 2

(iii) What is the theory in support of the Arab origin of the Coorgi people? 2

Ans:

(i) The people of Coorg are possibly of Greek or Arab descent.

(ii) The story about the Greek origin of the people of Coorg is that a part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there when return became impractical. These people married among the locals and their culture is apparent in their martial traditions, marriage and religious rites.

(iii) The theory in support of the Arab origin of the Coorg people is that they wear long, black coat with embroidered waist-belt which resemble with that of the Arabs and the Kurds.

Q. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:  HSLC ’15

The great advantage of early rising is that one can start one’s work long before others. The early riser has done a large amount of hard work before other men have got out of bed. Early in the morning the mind is fresh and no sound or noises disturb our attention. The work done at that time is generally well done. Also one finds time to take some exercise in the fresh morning air. Exercise supplies him with a good deal of energy that enables him to work until the evening. By beginning so early, he knows that he has plenty of time to do his work thoroughly. He needs not have to hurry over any part of his work. He gets to sleep long before midnight. At that time sleep is most refreshing. After a night’s sound rest, he rises early next morning in good health ready for the labour of a new day.

Questions:

(i) What advantage does an early riser have over others?1

(ii) Why should one take exercise in the morning and begin one’s work so early? 2

(iii) What are the uses of going to sleep long before midnight?1

Ans:

(i) An early riser can perform a large amount of work before other men have got out of bed.

(ii) One should take exercise in the morning and begin one’s work so early. It is because in the morning the air is fresh and having exercise in the morning supplies one with a good deal of energy that enables one to work hard until the evening. And by beginning work so early one get plenty of time to do his work thoroughly.

(iii) The benefits of going to sleep long before midnight is that at that time sleep is most refreshing. After a night’s sound sleep, one rises early next morning in good health ready for the labour of a new day with new vigour.

Q. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:  HSLC ‘15

Over many days and months Valli listen carefully to conversation between her neighbour and people who regularly used the bus and she also asked a few discreet questions here and there. This way she picked up various small details about the bus journey. The town was six miles from her village. The fare was thirty paise one way- ‘which is almost nothing at all’, she heard one well-dressed man say, but to Valli, who scarcely saw that much money from one month to the next, it seemed a fortune. The trip to the town took forty five minutes. On reaching town, if she stayed in her seat and paid another thirty paise, she could return home on the same bus. This meant that she could take the one o’clock afternoon bus, reach the town at one forty-five, and be back home by about two forty-five. 

On and on Valli went her thoughts as she calculated and recalculated, panned and preplanned.

Questions:

(i) What did Valli find out about the bus journey? How did she find out these details? 1+ 2 = 3

(ii) What do you think Valli was planning to do? 2 

Ans:

(i) Valli found out about the bus journey from his neighbours. 

Over many days and months Valli listened carefully to conversations between her neighbours and people who regularly took bus journey from the village to the town. She also asked a few questions here and there. In this way she found out about the bus journey.

(ii) Valli was planning to take bus journey from her village to the town. She came to know that it took thirty paise to go and another thirty paise to come back by the bus. So she saved some sixty paise and panned to take her journey by bus.

Q. Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow: HSLC ’17

In life every man has twin obligations : obligation to his family, to his parents, to his wife and children and he has an obligation to his people, his community, his country. In a civil and humane society, each man is able to fulfill those obligations according to his own inclinations and abilities. But in a country like South Africa, it was almost impossible for a man of my birth and colour to fulfill those obligations. In South Africa, a man of colour who attempted to live as a human being was punished and isolated. In South Africa, a man who tried to fulfill his duty to his people was inevitably ripped from his family and home and was forced to live a life apart, a twilight existence of secrecy and rebellion. I did not in the beginning choose to place my people above my family, but in attempting to serve my people, I found that I was prevented from fulfilling my obligations as a son, a brother, a father and a husband.

Questions:

(i) What was done to  a man of colour in South Africa who attempted to live as a human being?

(ii) What are the twin obligations that every man has in life?

(iii) What did the speaker find when he attempted to serve his people? 

Ans:

(i)  A man of colour in South Africa who attempted to live as a human being was punished and isolated.

(ii) The twin obligations that every man has in life are: first, obligations to his family, to his parents, to his wife and children and secondly,  obligations to his people, to his community and to his country.

(iii) When the speaker attempted to serve his people he found that he was prevented from fulfilling his obligations as a son, a brother, a father and a husband.  0 0 0

…. Seba Ready Guide English X ….

(For detailed knowledge, the students may consult the School English Grammar by Menonim Menonimus)

The end of  Ready Guide on Seba English X (Grammar & Compositions)

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