READY GUIDE ON

SEBA ENGLISH X

PROSE, POETRY & SUPPLEMENTARY READER

FOR COMING H. S. L. C. EXAMINATION -2020

 

 

By

Growhills Writers Board

(A board of experienced and specially trained educational writers)

 

Edited By

Rabbi Masrur

 

 

 

 

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CONTENTS

(READY GUIDE ON SEBA ENGLISH X

PROSE, POETRY & SUPPLEMENTARY READER)

PROSE

1. A Letter to God 

2. Nelson Mandela 

3.Glimpses of India:

i. Coorg   ii. Tea From Assam 

4. Madam Rides the Bus 

POETRY

1. A Tiger in the Zoo 

2. Amanda 

3. Animals 

4. Fog 

5. The Tale of Custard the Dragon 

SUPPLEMENTARY READER (FOOTPRINTS WITHOUT FEET)

1. The Midnight Visitor /55

2. A Question of Trust /58

3. Footprints without Feet /62

`4. The Hack Driver /65

…………………………………………………………………….

 

 

READY GUIDE ON SEBA ENGLISH X

PROSE, POETRY & SUPPLEMENTARY READER

 

PROSE

 

A LETTER TO GOD

-G. L. Fuentes

 

 TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

 ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK-1

Q.1. What did Lencho hope for?

or

What was the hope of Lencho? HSLC ’20

Ans: Lencho hoped for a spell of rain for his corn field.

Q.2. Why did Lencho say the raindrops were like ‘new coins’?

Ans: Lencho considered the raindrops as ‘new coins’ because his corn field was in need of  rain for harvesting.

Q.3. How did the rain change? What happened to Lencho’s field?

Ans: The rain changed into a destructive hailstorm. The hailstorm entirely made a ruin of his corn field.

Q.4.What were Lencho’s feelings when the hail stopped? or ”Lencho’s soul was filled with sadness. ” Why? HSLC ’18

Ans: When the hail stopped Lencho became very sad as his corn field was entirely destroyed by the hailstorm. He felt that the family would go hungry that year.

ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK-2

Q.1. Who or what did Lencho have faith in? What did he do?

Ans: Lencho had great faith in God. He needed some money to re-cultivate his land. So he wrote a letter to God asking for one hundred pesos.

Q.2. Who read the letter?

Ans: The  postmaster of the post office read the letter.

Q.3. What did the postmaster do then? or What did the postmaster do after he had received lencho’s letter?  HSLC ’17, ’20                                           

Ans: The postmaster was a good man and did not want to break Lencho’s faith in God. So he collected some pesos (money) from his colleagues and sent to Lencho.

ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK-3

Q.1. Was Lencho surprised to find a letter for him with money in it?

Ans: Lencho was a kind of man who had great faith in God. So he was not surprised to find a letter with money in it.

Q.2. What made him angry?

Ans: Lencho asked God for hundred pesos but in turn he received only seventy. It  made him angry.

THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT

Q.1.Who does Lencho have complete faith in? Which sentence in the story tell you this?

Ans: Lencho had complete faith in God. The following quoted sentences in the story show this:

(a) But in the hearts of all who lived in that solitary house in the middle of the valley, there was a single hope: help from God.

(b) All through the night, Lencho thought only of his one hope: the help of God whose eyes, as he has been instructed, sees everything even what is in one’s conscience.

(c) “God”, he wrote, “if you don’t help me, my family and I will go hungry this year.”

(d) He wrote , ‘To God’ on the envelope, put the letter inside and, still troubled, went to town.

(e) God could not have a mistake, not could he had denied Lencho what he had requested.

Q.2. Why does the postmaster sent money to Lencho? why does he sign the letter ‘God’?

Ans: The post master was a good man and did not want to break Lencho’s faith in God. He surprised  that a man like Lencho had such a great faith in God. So he collected some money from his colleagues and sent it to Lencho with the  sign ‘God’. He did it so that Lencho might think the money had been sent by God. 

Q.3. Did Lencho try to find out who had sent the money to him? Why ? Why not?

Ans: No, Lencho did not try to find out who had sent him the money because his faith in God was so deep that he  never suspected that it could be anybody else other than God.

Q.4. Who does Lencho think has taken the rest of the money? What is the irony in the situation? (Remember that the irony of a situation is an unexpected aspect of it. An Ironic situation is strange or amusing because it is the opposite of what is expected.)

Ans: Lencho thought that the post office employees were dishonest and they had theft the rest of money. The irony of that situation is that the employees whom he doubted to take the money were, in reality, contributed the money and sent to Lencho.

Q.5. Are there people like Lencho in the real world? What kind of person would you say he is? You may select appropriate word from the text to answer the question.

greedy  naive  stupid  ungrateful

selfish  comical  unquestioning

Ans: In real life such a person like Lencho can hardly be found. He a naive kind of person.

Q.6. There are two kinds of conflict in the story: between humans and nature, and between humans themselves. How are those conflicts illustrated?

Ans: There are two kinds of conflict in the story as follows:

The first conflict is between humans and nature. Lencho was a farmer and he lived on cultivating land. He had great faith in God and thought that God would send rain for his corn field but nature turned hostile and a heacy hailstorm destructed his field.

The second conflict is between humans.  The postmaster being sympathetic and kind to Lencho  collected some money from his colleagues and sent to Lencho. But Lencho blamed them for taking away some money from it that he thought to be sent by God.

THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE

I.There are different names in different parts of the world for storms depending on their nature. Can you match the names in the box with their description below, and fill in the blanks? You may use a dictionary to help you.

gale    whirlwind           

cyclone     hurricane

tornado      typhoon

1.A violent tropical storm in which strong winds move in a circle: ———c————-.

2. An extremely strong wind: ——–a———.

3. A violent tropical storm with very strong winds:————p————-.

4. A violent storm wind whose centre is a cloud in the shape of a funnel:————n————–.

5. A violent storm with very storm wind, especially in the western Atlantic Ocean:——-r——-.

6. A very strong wind that moves very fast in a spinning movement and causes a lot of damage:—————-l————-.

Ans: 1. cyclone      2. gale      3. typhoon

4. tornado       5. hurricane    6. whirlwind

II. Match the sentences in column A with the meanings  in column B.

Column -A

1. Will you get the subjects you want to study in college? I hope so.

2. I hope you don’t mind my saying this, but I don’t like the way you are arguing.

3. The discovery will give new hope to HIV/ AIDS sufferers.

4.We were hoping against hope that the judges would not notice our mistakes.

5. I called early in the hope of speaking to her before she went to school.

6. Just when everybody had given up hope, the fishermen came back, seven days after the cyclone.

 Column -B

– a feeling that something good will probably happen.

– thinking that this would happen (it may or may not happened.)

-stopped believing that this good thing would happen.

– wanting something to happen (and thinking it quite possible.

– showing concern  that what you say should not offend or disturb the other person: a way of being polite.

– wishing for something to happen, although this is very unlikely.

Ans:

1. Will you get the subjects you want to study in college? I hope so. —– wanting something to happen(and thinking it quite possible.

2. I hope you don’t mind my saying this, but I don’t like the way you are arguing. —- showing concern  that what you say should not offend or disturb the other person: a way of being polite.

3. The discovery will give new hope to HIV/ AIDS sufferers. —-  a feeling that something good will probably happen.

4.We were hoping against hope that the judges would not notice our mistakes. — wishing for something to happen, although this is very unlikely.

5. I called early in the hope of speaking to her before she went to school. —thinking that this would happen (it may or may not happened.)

6. Just when everybody had given up hope, the fishermen came back, seven days after the cyclone. —topped believing that this good thing would happen.

III. Join the sentences given below using who, whom, whose, which as suggested.

1. I often go to Mumbai. Mumbai is the commercial capital of India. (which)

2. My mother is going to host a TV show on cooking. She cooks very well. (who)

3.The sportsperson are going to meet the President. There performance has been excellent. (whose)

4. Lencho prayed to God. His eyes see into our minds. (whose)

5. This man cheated me. I trusted him. (whom)

Ans:  1. I often go to Mumbai which is a commercial capital of India.

2. My mother, who cooks very well, is going to host a TV show on cooking.

3.The sports persons, whose performance has been excellent, are going to meet the President.

4. Lencho prayed to God, whose eyes see into our minds. 

5. This man, whom I trusted, cheated me.

IV. Find sentences in the story with negative words, which expresses the following ideas emphatically.

1. The trees lost all their leaves.

     —————————————-

2. The letter was addressed to God Himself.

     ————————————————–

3. The postman saw this address for the first time in his career.

     —————————————————

Ans:  1. Not a leaf remained on the trees.

2.It was nothing less than a letter to  God.

3. Never in his career as a postman had he seen this address.

V. In pairs find metaphors from the story to complete the table below. Try to say what qualities are being compared. One has been done for you. (look up in your text book.

Ans:  

Object    Metaphor     Quality or Feature Compared

Cloud —Huge   mountains of clouds—–The mass or’hugeness of mountain

Raindrops …..new coins ….The brightness of new coins 

Hailstones …The frozen pearls —-Hugeness of ice

Man …An ox of a man …. The working of an ox.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

Q.1. What were Lencho’s feeling when the hail stopped?

Ans: When the hail stopped Lencho became very sad as his entire field of crops was destroyed. Looking around his field, he said that even a plague of locust would have left more than what was left by the hailstorm. He felt that the family would go hungry that year.

Q.2. Who did Lencho have faith in? What did he do?

Ans: Lencho had  deep faith in God. He wrote a letter to God asking for at least hundred pesos (money).

Q.3. Why did Lencho say that the raindrops were like ‘new coins’? or ”These aren’t raindrops falling from the sky, they are new coins.” Why did Lencho consider the raindrops as ‘new coins’? HSLC ’15

Ans: Lencho needed a good rainfall for harvesting his crops. After harvesting, the crops could be sold in the market for money (coins). So he compared the raindrops to ‘new coins’.

Q.4. How did rain change? What happened to Lencho’s field? or What happened to Lencho’s field after the hailstorm? HSLC ’15

Ans: The rain was falling down as Lencho wished; but suddenly a strong wind began to blow along with hailstones. 

The hailstones was so heavy that not a single leaf left on the trees and eventually Lencho’s entire field of crops was destroyed.

Q.5. After finding the letter by Lencho what did the Postmaster do?

Ans: After finding the letter sent by Lencho, the postmaster laughed at first but later on he got surprised in Lencho’s deep faith in God. He did not like to break Lencho’s faith and hence he collected some money from his colleagues and sent to Lencho.

Q.6. What did Lencho wrote in his first letter? or  What did Lencho wrote in his letter to God?  HSLC ’19

Ans: When Lencho found that his entire crop fields were destroyed by the hailstorm, he became very sad. But  he had great faith in God so he sent  a letter to God wherein he wrote, ‘If you don’t help me, my family and I will go hungry this year. I need a hundred pesos to sow my field again and to live till the next crops arrives.’

Q.7. What did Lencho wrote in his second letter?

Ans: In response to his letter Lencho got a letter along with only seventy pesos whereas he asked for a hundred. He thought that the remaining thirty pesos was taken off by the post office employees. So he  wrote the second letter to God requesting Him to send the rest amount of money direct to him not through post office. Lencho called the post office employees as ‘a bunch of crooks.’

Q.8. Why did Lencho call the post office employees as  ‘a bunch of crooks’ or ”Don’t send it to me through the mail because the post office employed are a bunch of crooks.”

What made Lencho think that the post office employees were a bunch of crooks? HSLC ’16

Ans: Lencho called the post office employees ‘a bunch of crooks’ because he thought that they had cheated him by taking away thirty pesos from the hundred  sent by God.

Q.9. Choose the correct answers  for the underlined words from the alternatives given below:

(a)  I need a hundred pesos …………….  HSLC ’15

(currency of India/ Spain/ Latin America)

Ans: Currency of Latin America. 

(b) Send me the rest, since I need it very much. (relax/remaining part/ be buried)  HSLC ’16

Ans: remaining part.

(c)  The house — the only one in the entire valley– sat on the crest of a low hill. (wide/ whole/ flat)  HSLC ’15

Ans: whole.

10. Where was Lencho’s home situated?  HSLC ’16

Ans: Lencho’s home was situated on the crest of a low hill.

11. All through the night, Lencho thought only of this one hope.” What was Lencho’s only one hope?  HSLC ’17

Ans:: Lencho’s only hope was the help from God.

12. What type of a man was the postmaster? HSLC ’19

Ans: The postmaster was a fat, amiable and kind-heated man.

13. What did Lencho do throughout the morning? What did he see in the north-east? HSLC ’18                                                 

Ans: Lencho did nothing throughout the morning.

He looked at the sky and saw that a heap of clouds was approaching towards the north-east

14. ”The only thing the earth needed …” What ‘only thing’ did the earth need? HSLC ’19   

Ans: The only thing the earth needed was a spell of rain.

15. Was Lencho a hardworking man?                                                 

Ans: Yes, Lencho was a hardworking man.

16. Who was Lencho? What was his occupation?

Ans: Lencho was a hardworking farmer. Farming was his profession.

17. What did Lencho say to his sons after the hailstrom? HSLC ’20

Ans: After the hailstorm, Lencho said to his sons that the hailstorm had entirely destroyed their corn-field. They would go hungry that year. However he would write a letter to God asking for some pesos for cultivating next crop.

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Ready Guide on Seba English X (Prose, Poetry & Supp. Reader)

 

 

NELSON MANDELA: LONG WALK TO FREEDOM

-Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK-1

Q.1. Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public building in India that are made of sandstone?

Ans: The ceremonies took place in the sandstone amphitheatre formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria.

There are many public buildings built with sandstone in India. For examples- The Red Fort, The Rastrapati Bhawan, The Parliament House and so on.

Q.2. Can you say how 10 May is an ‘autumn  day’ in South Africa?

Ans: In South Africa,10 May is regarded as an ‘autumn day’  because on that day there was the largest gathering of international leaders  for the installation of South Africa’s first non-racial government.

Q.3. At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions, ‘an extraordinary human disaster’. What does he mean by this? What is the ‘glorious… human achievement’ he speaks of at the end?

Ans: By the phrase ‘extraordinary human disaster’ Mandela wants to mean that the people of South Africa were the victims of racial discrimination since long. The white people predominated over the black skinned people.

By the phrase ‘glorious achievement’ Mandela wants to mean that eventually the racial discrimination came to an end in South Africa with the inauguration of a democratic, non-racial government headed by Nelson Mandela.

Q.4. What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?

Ans: On the inauguration day of the non- racial democratic government in South Africa  headed by Nelson Mandela many leaders around the world  went there to show their honour for justice, democratic ideals and human dignity. So Nelson Mandela thanked the international leaders who were present in the inauguration day.

Q.5. What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa?

Ans: Nelson Mandela with his political victory set out the ideals of democracy free from any racial discrimination, poverty, bondage and of a nation of peace, prosperity and human dignity. 

ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK-2

Q.1. What do the military generals do? How has their attitude changed, and why?

Ans: The highest military generals of South Africa saluted Nelson Mandela and pledged their loyalty. At that time he reminded of the fact that only some years before he was arrested, not saluted,  by the same military generals.

Their attitude was changed by the fact that a non racial democratic government was going to be formed which would make an end to the age-long white dominance over the blacks.

Q.2. Why were two national anthems sung?

Ans: On the  inauguration day of the democratic government formed by  Nelson Mandela, two national anthems were sung- one by the whites and the other by the blacks. This symbolized the equality of the blacks and the whites.

Q.3. How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country (i) in the first decade and (ii) in the final decade, of the twentieth century?

Ans: In the first decade of the twentieth century the white people established a system of racial discrimination against the native black people which was most inhuman.

In the final decade of the twentieth century this system was overturned and replaced by the true democratic ideals headed by Nelson Mandela. This system recognized the equal rights and justice to all regardless racism.

Q.4. What does ‘courage’ mean to Mandela? HSLC’ ’17

Ans: By courage Mandela means the triumph over fear. A brave man is not he who does not feel afraid but he who conquers fear.

Q.5. Which does he think is natural, to love or to hate?

Ans: Mandela thinks that love is natural as it comes  naturally in human heart.

ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK-3

Q.1. What ‘twin obligations’ does Mandela mention?

Ans: Mandela mentions twin obligations of a man, as:

The first obligation is to one’s family, parents, wife and children.

The second obligation is to one’s people, community and country.

Q.2. What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy and as a student? How does he contrast these ‘transitory freedom’ with the basic and honourable freedom?

Ans: Mandela, during his boyhood,  was free in every field. He could run to the field and swim in the stream after his desire. He was not troubled as long as he obeyed his parents. As a student he wanted certain ‘transitory freedom’ only for himself such as being able to stay out at night, read what he pleased and go where he liked. But with the passing of time he learnt that this freedom was an illusion. He contrasts between ‘transitory freedom’ and ‘the basic honourable freedom by saying that the transitory freedom was limited to him whereas honourable freedom was  to do more with his and his people’s position in the society.

Q.3. Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? why/ why not?

Ans: Mandela thinks that neither the oppressor nor the oppressed is free because he feels that both are similar as they robbed of their humanity.

THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT

Q.1.Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration? What did it signify the triumph of?

Ans: Before Nelson Mandela became the President of South Africa, it was under the control of the whites who governed the land with a law of racial discrimination. But with the victory of Mandela this age-long injustice came to an end. So to honour the democratic ideals, justice, peace and human dignity many international leaders attended the inauguration.

It signifies the triumph of justice, peace, equality and human dignity over injustice, oppressor and inhumanity.

Q.2.What does Mandela mean when he says he is ‘simply the sum of all those African patriots’ who had gone before him?

Ans: When Mandela says that he was ‘simply the sum of all African patriots’, he means that he identifies himself with all the people who had scarified their lives in the struggle for acquiring freedom from  apartheid system of governance. He was sorry that he could not thank them nor they could see what their sacrifices had gained.

Q.3. Would you agree that the ‘depths of oppression’ create ‘heights of character’? How does Mandela illustrate this? Can you add your own examples to this argument?

Ans: Yes,  ‘the depths of oppression’ create ‘heights of character’. Many people had suffered a lot from oppression during their struggle against injustice and inhumanity run by the whites and resultantly Africa gave birth to many patriots with unimaginable heights of character. Nelson Mandela thus felt that the greatest wealth of a nation is its people.

We can add our own example by mentioning the name of Laxmibhai, Bhagat Singh, Maniram Dewan who suffered for the cause of India’s Freedom.

Q.4. How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?

Ans: Nelson Mandela’s understanding of freedom changed with  his age and experience. As a boy Mandela was free in every field and he could run to the field and swim in the stream as he liked. He was not troubled as long as he obeyed his parents. As a student he wanted certain ‘transitory freedom’ only for himself such as- being able to stay out at night, read what he pleased and go where he liked. But with the passing of time he learnt that this freedom was an illusion. He contrasts between ‘transitory freedom’ and ‘the basic honourable freedom’ by saying that the transitory freedom was limited to him whereas ‘honourable freedom’ was to do more with his and his people’s position in society.

Q.5. How did Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ change his life?

Or

When did Mandela begin to hunger for freedom? HSLC ’20

Ans: Mandela, in his youth, came to realize that the system of the country did not only curtailed his freedom but also of all the black people. After this realization he developed a hunger for freedom of his people. 

THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. Make a list of pairs of nouns and verbs form the text.

Ans:

Nouns                  Verbs

Constitution         Constitute

Deprivation         Deprive

Discrimination    Discriminate

Formation           Form

Obligation          Oblige

Oppression         Oppress

Rebellion           Rebel

2. Read the paragraph below. Fill in the blanks with the noun forms of the verbs in brackets.

Martin Luther King’s ———— (contribute) to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the ——— (assist) of Rosa Parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. In those days American blacks were confined to positions of second class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean ———- (subjugate) and ———  (humiliate) by the police and the legal system. Beatings ———- (imprison) and sometimes death awaited those who defied the system. Martin Luther King’s tactics of protest involved non-violent ——— (resist ) to racial injustice. 

Ans: Martin Luther King’s contribution to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the assistance of Rosa Parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. In those days American blacks were confined to positions of second class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean subjugation and humiliation by the police and the legal system. Beatings imprisonment and sometimes death awaited those who defied the system. Martin Luther King’s tactics of protest involved non-violent resistance to racial injustice. 

III. Idiomatic Expression

Match the italicized phrases in column A with the phrase nearest in meaning in column B. (see the columns in your text)

Ans:

1. I was not unmindful of the fact. – (i) had not forgotten: was aware of the fact.

2. When my comrades and I were pushed to our limits. – (iii) felt that we could not endure the suffering any longer.

3. to reassure me and keep me going.- (ii) help me continue to live in hope this very difficult situation.

4. the basic and honourable freedoms of ….. earning my keep…. – (i) earning enough money to live on.

WRITING

I. Use the following phrases to complete the sentence given below:

(i) they can be taught to love.

(ii) I was born free.

(iii) but the triumph over it.

(iv) but he who conquers that fear.

(v)  to create such heights of character.

Ans:

(1) It requires such depths of oppression to create such heights of character.

(2) Courage was not the absence of fear but the triumph over it.

(3) The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid but he who conquers that fear.

(4) If people can learn to hate they can be taught to love.

(5) I was not born with a hunger to be free. I was born free. 

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

Q.1. What do you mean by ANC?

Ans: ANC means African National Congress.

Q.2. What is amphitheater?

Ans: ‘Amphitheatre’ is a building without a roof, with many rows of seats rising in steps (typical of ancient Greece and Rome).

Q.3. Who was Nelson Mandela?

Ans: Nelson Mandela was the first black President of South Africa.

Q.4. Who accompanied Nelson Mandela to the oath taking ceremony?

Ans: Zenani, the daughter of Nelson Mandela accompanied him to the oath-taking ceremony.

Q.5. Where did the ceremony take place?

Ans: The ceremony took place in the lovely sandstone amphitheater formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria.

Q.6. What hope did Mandela express for his country in his speech?

Ans: Nelson Mandela was very optimistic for the future of his country. He hoped that this beautiful land would never again experience the oppression of one by another. He pledged to liberate all the people from poverty, deprivation, sufferings, gender and other discrimination. He also hoped that freedom would reign his country forever.

Q.7. What was Nelson Mandela’s opinion about his people?

Ans: Nelson Mandela’s opinion about his people was very high. According to him the people of Africa were the highest wealth. They were fine and truer than the purest diamond.

Q.8. Why did Mandela address the freedom as ‘new born’ liberty?

Ans: Nelson Mandela addresses the freedom as ‘new born liberty’ because South African people had to suffer a terrible disaster of racial discrimination. This disaster lasted for a long time and it took the lives of many Africans. With the inauguration of the government formed by the blacks headed by Mandela, the people of Africa became free from all such disasters. So Mandela calls this liberty as a ‘new born liberty’. 

Q.9. Sate whether the following are true or false:

(a) Nelson Mandela spent twenty years in prison. HSLC ’15

Ans: False

(b) On the day of inauguration Mandela was accompanied by his daughter Zenari.  HSLC ’16

Ans: False

(c) On the day of Inauguration, two national anthems were sung. HSLC ’15

Ans: True

(d) The policy of apartheid created lasting peace in Mandela’s country. HSLC ’17

Ans: False

(e) On the day of inauguration, Mandela was overwhelmed with a sense of history.  HSLC ’17, ’20

Ans: True

(f) Thabo Mbeki was sworn in as  the second Deputy President.  HSLC ’16

Ans: False

(g) On the day of inauguration, Mandela was overwhelmed with a sense of freedom.  HSLC ’20

Ans: False

Q.10. Choose the meaning of the underlined words in the following sentences from among the alternatives given in brackets: HSLC ’19

I saw that it was not just my freedom that was curtailed, but the freedom of evryone ….. (enhanced/ reduced/ withheld)

Ans: reduced

Q.11. State whether the following statements are True or False (Ref: Nelson Mandela’Long Walk to Freedom’)   HSLC ’19

(a) On the Podium, Mr de Klerk was first sworn in as first Deputy President.

(b) Then Tabo Mbeki was sworn in as second Deputy President.

Ans: (a) False (b) False.

Q.12. Choose the correct answer from among the alternatives given and complete the sentence:  HSLC ’17

(a) In life every man has ………..

(i) three obligations

(ii) twin obligations

(iii) many obligations

Ans: twin obligations.

(a) Mandela’s country is rich ……………… HSLC ’20

(i) in forests and lakes

(ii) in minerals and gems

(iii) in agriculture

Ans: (ii) in minerals and agriculture.

Q.12. According to Mandela, between love and hate which comes more naturally to human heart? HSLC ’16

Ans: According to Mandela,  love comes more naturally to human heart.

Q.13.  What mission would Mandela like to achieve for the future of South Africa and her people on securing the political emancipation?  HSLC ’18

Ans: Nelson Mandela, on securing political  emancipation, would like to liberate all the people of South Africa from bondage, deprivation, suffering and caste discrimination. 

Q.14. The oppressed and the oppressors alike are robbed of their humanity.” What makes Mandela say this? HSLC ’18

Ans: Nelson  Mandela realised that when a man takes away the freedom of someone else  then he becomes a prisoner of hatred. He is locked behind the bars of prejudice and narrow-mindedness. He is not truly free though he is taking away someone else’s freedom, just as surely he is not free when his freedom is taken away from him.

This made Mandela say this.

Q.15. Q. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow: HSLC ’17 

In life every man has twin obligations: obligation to his family, to his parents, to his wife and children and he has an obligation to his people, his community, his country. In a civil and humane society, each man is able to fulfill those obligations according to his own inclinations and abilities. But in a country like South Africa, it was almost impossible for a man of my birth and colour to fulfill those obligations. In South Africa, a man of colour who attempted to live as a human being was punished and isolated. In South Africa, a man who tried to fulfill his duty to his people was inevitably ripped from his family and home and was forced to live a life apart, a twilight existence of secrecy and rebellion. I did not in the beginning choose to place my people above my family, but in attempting to serve my people, I found that I was prevented from fulfilling my obligations as a son, a brother, a father and a husband.

Questions:

(i) What was done to a man of colour in South Africa who attempted to live as a human being? 1

(ii) What are the twin obligations that every man has in life? 2

(iii) What did the speaker find when he attempted to serve his people? 2

Ans: (i)  A man of colour in South Africa who attempted to live as a human being was punished and isolated.

(ii) The twin obligations that every man has in life are: first, obligations to his family, to his parents, to his wife and children and secondly,  obligations to his people, to his community and to his country.

(iii) When the speaker attempted to serve his people he found that he was prevented from fulfilling his obligations as a son, a brother, a father and a husband.

Q.16. What did Mandela say about the wealth of his country?  HSLC ’19

Ans: Nelson  Mandela, about the wealth of his country says that his country is rich in natural  resources that lie beneath its soil, but  the greatest wealth of his country is its people. They are finer and truer than the purest diamond. 

Q.17. Who was sworn as the second Deputy President?

Ans: Mr De Klerk was sworn as the second Deputy President of South Africa. 

Q.18. What was the full name of Nelson Mandela?

Ans: The full name of Nelson Mandela was Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.

Q.19. Who was the first Deputy President?

Ans: Thabo Mbeki was the first Deputy President.

Q.20. How many years did Nelson Mandela spend in prison?

Ans: Nelson  Mandela spent twenty seven years in prison.

Q.21. When did Mandela die?

Ans: Nelson  Mandela  died on December 5, 2013. 

Q.21. What is the name of the autobiography of Nelson Mandela?

Ans: The name of the autobiography written by Nelson Mandela is ”Long Walk to Freedom’.

Q.14. Name the daughter of Nelson Mandela?

Ans: The name of the daughter of Nelson Mandela was Zenani

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Ready Guide on Seba English X (Prose, Poetry & Supp. Reader)

  

GLIMPSES OF INDIA

(II) THE COORG

-Lokesh Abrol

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS 

THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT

Q.1. Where is Coorg?  HSLC ’17

Ans: Coorg is the smallest district of Karnataka. It is situated in the midway between Mysore and the coastal town of Mangalore. 

Q.1. What is the story about the Kodavu people’s descent? or Mention the story that supports that the people of Coorg are of Greek descent. HSLC ’15, ’19

Ans: There are several stories about the descent of Kodavu people. One story tells that they were originally of Greek descent. Their descendant came with Alexander as soldiers. While they moved south along the coast, they  could not return and settled there permanently. They did marital relationship with the local Hindu people.

Another story tells that they were Arab origin as they, like the Arabs wear long black coat with an embroidered waist belt, known as kuppia. 

Q.3. What are some of the things you know about:

(i)   the people of coorg?

(ii)  the main crop of Croog?

(iii) the sports it offers to tourists? or  What are the sports that Coorg offers to tourists? HSLC ’16

(iv) the animals you are likely to see in Coorg?  HSLC ’17

(v) its distance from Bangalore, and how to get there?

Ans:  (i)The People of Coorg are hospitable and friendly. They are very proud of the valour and bravery of their fathers and sons.

(ii) The main crop of Coorg is coffee, spices and plantation.

(iii) The sports it offers to the tourists are river-rafting, canoeing, rappelling,, rock climbing, mountain biking and the walking trails.

(iv) The animals one likely to see are- elephants, languors, macaques, squirrels  etc.

(v) From Bangalore its distance is around 250-260 kilometers. The route via Mysore is the most frequented one. The other route is via Neelamangal, Kunigal and Chanrayanpatna.

Q.4. Here are six sentences with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (look in the paragraphs indicated)

(i) During monsoon it rains so heavily that tourists don’t visit coorg. (para-2)

Ans: Keep away.

(ii). Some people say that Alexander’s army moves south along the coast and settles there. (para-3)

Ans: part of.

(iii) The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their sons and fathers; valour. (para -4) 

Ans: Willing to tell.

(iv)  Even people who normally lead on easy and slow life get smitten by the high energy adventure sports of Coorg. (para-6)

Ans: The most laid back individual become converts to.

(v) The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist-belt they wear. 

Ans: Draws support.

(vi) Macaques, Malabar squirrels observe you carefully from the tree canopy. 

Ans: Keep a watchful eye.

THINKING  ABOUT  LANGUAGE

1. Here are some nouns from the text:

culture, monks, surprise, experience, weather, tradition

Work with partner and discuss which of the nouns can collocate with which of the adjectives given below. The first one has been done for you.

Ans:

(i) culture: unique culture, ancient culture.

(ii) monks: serious monks

(ii) surprise: Unforgettable surprise, unique surprise.

(iv) experience: wide experience.

(v) weather: terrible weather.

(vi) tradition: ancient tradition, unique tradition.

2.  Complete the following phrases from the text. For each phrase can you find at least one other word that would fit into the blank?

(i) tales of ——————.

(ii) coastal ———————-.

(iii) a piece of ——————.

(iv) evergreen ——————-.

(v) ——————— plantations

(vi) —————– bridge

(vii) wild —————–.

Ans: (i) tales of valour.(ii) coastal town

(iii) a piece of heaven(iv) evergreen rain forest

(v) crop plantations.(vi) rope bridge.

(vii) wild creatures.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

Q.1. Who was the first chief of the Indian Army?  HSLC’ 16

Ans: The first chief of the Indian Army was General Cariappa, a Coorgi.

Q.2. Who is the author of the article ‘Coorg’?

Ans: The author of the article is Lokesh Abrol.

Q.3. What does ‘rappelling’ mean?

Ans: The word ‘rappelling’ means ‘going down a cliff by sliding down a rope. 

Q.4. By whom Coorg is inhabited?

Ans: Coorg is inhabited by a race of martial men, beautiful women and wild creatures.

Q.5. What is the other name of Coorg? HSLC ’18

Ans: The other name of Coorg is Kodavu.

Q.6. What weapon do the Kodavu carry with themselves without a licence? 

Ans: The Kodavus can carry with firearms without a licence.

Q.7. How is the water of Kaveri river? Where does the river obtain its water from?  HSLC ’18

Ans: The water of the Kaveri river is very clear.  The river obtains its water from the hills and forests of Coorg.

Q.8. Whose descent are the fiercely independent people of Coorg? HSLC ’18

Ans: The fiercely independent people of Coorg are thought of Greek descent.

Q.9. Choose the correct answer from among he alternatives given and complete the sentence:

(a) The theory of Arab origin draws support from: HSLC ’15

(i) The numberous tales of valour related to the sons and fathers of Coorgi homes.

(ii) The long, black coat with an embroidered waist belt worn by the Kodavus.

(iii) The traditions and religious rites which are distinct from the Hindus mainstream.

Ans: (ii) The long, black coat with an embroidered waist belt worn by the Kodavus.

(b) Coorg or Kodagu, the smallest district of Karnataka, is home to ……… .    HSLC ’16

(i) thick grass land, camels and indigo plantations.

(ii) evergreen rain forests, spices and coffee plantations.

(iii) dark clouds, thick fog and tea plantation.s

Ans: (ii) evergreen rain forests, spices and coffee plantations.

(c) Even now the Kodavus are only people in India permitted to ………. .  HSLC ’16

(i) carry gold without a license.

(ii) Carry swords without a license.

(iii) carry firearms without a license.

Ans: (iii) carry firearms without a license.

(d)  Find out the exact meaning of the underlined word. HSLC ’18

This land of rolling hills is inhabited by a proud race of martial men, beautiful women and wild creatures. (having to do with marriage/ having to do with peace/ having to do with war.)

Ans: having to do with war.

Q.10. When does the season of joy commence in Coorg? Till what time does it continue? HSLC ’19

Ans: In Coorg, the season of joy commence from September and continues till March.

Q. 11. Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow: HSLC ’18

The fiercely independent people of Coorg are possibly of Greek or Arab descent. As one story goes, a part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled here when return became impractical. These people married among the locals and their  culture is apparent in the martial traditions, marriage and religious rites, which are distinct from the Hindu mainstream. The theory of Arab origin draws support from the long, black coat with embroidered waist-belt worn by the Kodavus, known as Kuppiya; it resembles the Kuffiya worn by the Arabs and the Kurds.

Questions:

(i) Of which descent are the people of Coorg? 1

(ii) What is the story about the Greek origin of the people of Coorg? 2

(iii) What is the theory in support of the Arab origin of the Coorgi people?  2

Ans: (i) The people of Coorg are possibly of Greek or Arab descent.

(ii) The story about the Greek origin of the people of Coorg is that a part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there when return became impractical. These people married among the locals and their culture is apparent in their martial traditions, marriage and religious rites.

(iii) The theory in support of the Arab origin of the Coorg people is that they wear long, black coat with embroidered waist-belt which resemble with that of the Arabs and the Kurds.

Q.12. What is ‘Kuppia ‘and ‘Kuffia’?

Or

What is a Kuffia? Who weares it? HSLC ’20

Ans:  ‘Kuppia’ is a long coat with an embroidered waist-belt worn by the Kodavus. ‘Kuffia’ is  the dress worn by the Arabs and Kurds.

Q.13. How can one have a panoramic view of Coorg?

Ans: One can have a panoramic view of the misty landscape of Coorg by climbing up to the  Brahmagiri hills.

14. What does the writer say about the Coorg Regiment? HSLC ’20

Ans:  The author says that there is a Regiment in the Indian Army by the name of Coorg Regiment. It has been playing an important role in the army. The first chief of the Indian Army was General Cariappa. He was a Coorgi.

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Ready Guide on Seba English X (Prose, Poetry & Supp. Reader)

 

GLIMPSES OF INDIA

(III)  TEA FROM ASSAM

-Arup Kumar Dutta

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT

I. 1. Look at these words: unkeep, downpour, undergo, dropout,walk-in. They are built up from a verb (keep, pour, go,drop, walk and an adverb or a participle (up, down, under, out, in)

Use these words appropriately in the sentences below. You may consult a dictionary.

(i) A heavy ————— has been forecast due to low pressure in the Bay of Bengal.

Ans: A heavy downpour has been forecast due to low pressure in the Bay of Bengal.

(ii) Rakesh will ————- major surgery tomorrow morning.

Ans: Rakesh will undergo major surgery tomorrow morning.

(iii) My brother is responsible for the ——– of our family property.

Ans: My brother is responsible for the unkeep of our family property

(iv) The —————- rate for this accountancy course is very high.

Ans: The dropout rate for this accountancy course is very high.

(v) She went to the Enterprise Company to attend a —————— interview.

Ans: She went to the Enterprise Company to attend a walk-in interview.

2. Now fill in the blanks in the sentences given below by combining the verbs given in brackets with one of the words from the box as appropriate.

over,   by,   through,   out,   up,  down

(i) The Army attempted unsuccessfully to —————– the Government. (throw)

Ans: The Army attempted unsuccessfully to overthrow the Government.

(ii) Scientists are on the brink of a major —————– in cancer research. (break)

Ans: Scientists are on the brink of a major outbreak in cancer research. (break)

(iii) The State Government plans to build a —————- for Bhubaneshwar to speed up traffic on the main highway. (pass)

Ans: The State Government plans to build a bypass for Bhubaneshwar to speed up traffic on the main highway.

(iv) Gautama’s ————– on life changed when he realised that the world is full of sorrow. (look)

Ans: Gautama’s outlook on life changed when he realised that the world is full of sorrow.

(v) Rakesh seemed unusually ————- after the game. (cast)

Ans: Rakesh seemed unusually downcast after the game. 

II. 1. Think of suitable -ing or -ed adjectives to answer the following questions. You may  also use words from those given below:

interesting,   interested,   exciting,   excited,  boring, bored.

How would you describe:

(i) a good detective serial on television? ——-.

Ans: interesting.

(ii) a debate on your favourite topic ‘ Home work should be Banned’?———–.

Ans: exciting.

(iii) how you feel when you stay indoors due to incessant rain? —————.

Ans: boring.

(iv) how you feel when you open a present? —————.

Ans: excited.

(v) how you feel when you watch your favourite programme on television? ————-.

Ans: excited.

(vi) the look on your mother’s face as you waited in a queue? —————–.

Ans: boring.

(vii) how you feel when you tracking a tiger in a tiger reserve forest? ————-.

Ans: interesting.

(viii) the story you have recently read, or film you have seen? —————-.

Ans: exciting.

2. Now use the adjectives in the exercise above, as appropriate, to write a paragraph about Coorg.

Ans: A visit to Coorg is very interesting and exciting. But it is very boring during the monsoon. The visitors can feel excited seeing the wild animals like languors, elephants, different kind of birds. Coorgi people are very interested in telling the stories of valour of their sons and fathers.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

Q.1. Who is Rajvir?

Ans: Rajvir is a classmate of Pranjol.

Q.2. When tea went to Europe?

Ans: Tea went to Europe in the sixteenth century.

Q.3. What is Pranjol’s father?

Ans: Pranjol’s father is the manager of a tea-estate  called Dhekiabari Tea Estate in Upper Assam.

Q.4. You seem to have done your homework before coming.’- who said this?

Ans: Mr. Barua said this to Rajvir.

Q.5. Where and when tea was first drunk?

Ans: Tea was first drunk in China as far back as 2700 B. C.

Q.6. Who is Pranjol?

Ans: Pranjol is a youngster from Assam who reads in a school in Delhi.

Q.7. How many cups of tea are drunk throughout the world everyday?

Ans: Over eighty crore cups of tea are drunk throughout the world everyday.

Q.8. What genre of literature did Pranjol like to read?

Ans: Pranjol liked to read detective stories.

Q.9. Write about the legends concerning the discovery of tea. or  Narrate briefly Rajvir’s remarks on the discovery of tea and the legends that surround it. HSLC ’15

Ans: There are two legends concerning the discovery of tea as under:

The first legend tells that a Chinese emperor had always got water boiled before drinking. One day a few leaves of the twigs burning under the pot fell into the water giving it a delicious flavour. It is said they were tea leaves.

There is another legend. According to the legend once in ancient India there was an ascetic named Bodhidharma, who cut off his eye lids because he fell sleepy during meditations. Then tea plants grew out of the eyelids. The leaves of these plants when put into hot water and drunk banished sleep. 

Q.10. Give a description of the Dhekiabai Tea Garden as seen by Pranjol and Rajvir when they were driven through it.  HSLC ’16

or

Give a description of the magnificent view of tea garden seen by Rajvir from the railway train.   HSLC ’17

or

Give a brief description of Dhekiabari tea garden.  HSLC ’16, ’20

Ans: Dhekiabari Tea Garden is comprised of a vast area.  Its beauty is mesmerizing as all the tea plants are pruned neatly to the same height.  Amid the tea plants there are tall shade trees. Groups of tea pluckers with bamboo baskets are seen among the bushes during the sprouting period. Dhekiabari tea garden was managed by Pranjol’s father. Rajvir was mesmerized to see the greenery of the garden. He saw a stretch of tea bushes as far as the eyes could see.

Q.11. Read the following passage carefully and answer the question given below the passage.

We have an Indian legend too. Bhudhidharma, an ancient Buddhist ascetic, cut off his eyelids because he felt sleepy during meditations. Ten tea plants grew out of the eyelids. The leaves of these plants when put in hot water and drunk banished sleep.

‘Tea was first drunk in China,’ Rajvir added, as far back as 2700 B.C.! In fact words such as tea, ‘chai’ and ‘chini’ are from Chinese. Tea came to Europe only in the sixteenth century and was drunk more as medicine than as beverage.’

Questions:

(i) According to Indian legend how was tea discovered? 2

(ii) Where tea was first used? 1  

(iii) When tea discovered? 1

(iv) In which century did tea reach Europe? 1

Ans: (i) According to Indian legend tea took birth in India. The legend tells that in ancient India there was a Buddhist ascetic named Bodhidharma. One day he cut off his eyelids because he felt sleepy during meditation. Then out of his eyelids a plant grew up which is called tea.

(ii) Tea was first used by the Chinese.

(iii) Tea was discovered in China as far back as 2700 B. C.

(iv) Tea reached Europe in the sixteenth century.

Q. 12. Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow: HSLC ’19

“No one really knows who discovered tea but there are many legends.”

“Well, there is one about the Chinese emperor who always boiled water before drinking it. One day a few leaves of the twigs burning under the pot fell into the water given it a delicious flavour. It is said they were tea leaves.”

“Tell me another! scoffed Pranjol.

”We have an Indian legend too. Bodhidharma, an ancient Buddhist ascetic, cut off his eyelids because he got sleepy during meditations. The tea plants grew out of the eyelids. The leaves of these plants when put in hot water and drunk banished sleep.’’

‘’Tea was first drunk in China.” Rajvir added, “as far back as 2700 BC! In fact. words such as tea, ‘Chai’ and ‘Chini’ are from Chinese. Tea came to Europe only in the sixteenth century and was drunk more as medicine than as beverage.”

Questions:

(i) How was tea drunk in Europe in the sixteenth century? 2

(ii) What is the Chinese legend about tea? 2

(iii) What is the Indian legend about tea? 2

Ans: Tea was drunk in Europe in the sixteenth century more as  medicine that as beverage.

(ii) The Chinese legend about tea is that a Chinese emperor had always got water boiled before drinking. One day a few leaves of the twigs burning under the pot fell into the water giving it a delicious flavour. It is said they were tea leaves.

(iii) According to the legend once in ancient India there was an ascetic named Bodhidharma, who cut off his eye lids because he fell sleepy during meditations. Then tea plants grew out of the eyelids. The leaves of these plants when put into hot water and drunk banished sleep. 

Q.13. State whether the following statements are True or False in the context of the text, ‘Tea from Assam’. HSLC ’18

(i) Tea came to Europe only in the sixteenth century and was drunk more as medicine than as beverage.

(ii) Tea came  to Europe only in the eighteenth century and was drunk more as beverage than as medicine.

Ans: (i) True (ii) False

Q.14. Choose the correct answer from among the alternatives given and complete the sentence:  HSLC ’18

No one really knows who discovered tea but ………….. .

(i) there are two legends.

(ii) there are one  legends.

(iii) there are many legends

Ans: (iii) there are many legends.

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Ready Guide on Seba English X (Prose, Poetry & Supp. Reader)

 

MADAM RIDES THE  BUS

-Vallikkannan

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK-I

Q.1. What was Valli’s favourite pastime?  HSLC ’16

Ans: Valli’s favourite pastime was to stand in the front doorway of her house and watch what was happening in the street outside.

Q.2. What was a source of unending joy for Valli? What was her strongest desire?

Ans: The source of unending joy for Valli was the sight of the bus that traveled between her village and the nearest town.

Her strongest desire was to ride on the bus.

Q.3. What did Valli find out about the bus journey? How did she find out these details?

Ans: Valli found out that the town was six miles away from her village. The fare was thirty paise. On reaching the town by bus and if she stayed in her seat and paid another thirty paise, then she could return home on the same bus.

She found out these details by listening carefully to the conversations between her neighbours and the people who regularly used the bus.

Q.4. What do you think Valli was planning to do?

Ans: Valli was planning to travel to the town by the bus.

ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK-II

Q.1. Why does the conductor call Valli ‘madam’?

Ans: When the conductor stretched out his hand to help Valli get on the bus, she said that she could get on the bus by herself without the conductor’s help. As she acted like a grown-up man so the conductor called her ‘madam’.

Q.2. Why does Valli stand up on the seat? What does she see now?

Ans: Valli stood up on her seat because her view was cut off by a canvas blind that covered the lower part of her window. She stood up to look over the canvas blind.

She saw that the road was very narrow, on one side of which there was the canal and beyond it were palm trees, grassland, distance mountains and the blue sky. On the other side there were a deep ditch and  green fields.

Q.3. What did Valli tell the elderly man when he calls her a child?

Ans: When the elderly man called her a child, Valli told him that she was not a child as she paid her fare of thirty paise like everybody else.

Q.4. Why did not Valli like to make friends with the elderly woman?

Or

Why did Valli find the old woman who sat beside her in the bus ‘absolutely repulsives’? HSLC ’20

Ans: Valli did not like to make friends with the elderly woman because she found her absolutely repulsive. She saw that the woman had big holes in her ear lobes and very ugly ear-rings in them. She could smell the betel nut that the woman was chewing and could see the betel juice that was almost about to spill over her lips.

ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK-II

Q.1. How did Valli save up money for her first journey? Was it easy for her?

Ans: Valli saved whatever stray money came her way, resisting every temptation to buy peppermints, toys, balloons and the like. Eventually she had sixty paise saved.

It was not easy for Valli to save the money. In order to save that amount of money she had to suppress her desires and temptations.

Q.2. What did Valli see on her way that made her laugh?  HSLC ’15, 17, ’20

Ans: Valli saw a young cow, whose tail was high in the air, running in front of the bus in the middle of the road. The bus slowed and the driver horned loudly. However the more he horned, the more frightened the cow became and it kept running faster. Valli found it much amusing and she laughed so much until tears came out of her eyes.

Q.3. Why did not she get off the bus at the bus station?

Ans: She did not get off the bus because she made her mind up to return home by the same bus. She just wanted to ride on the bus and took out another thirty paise from her pocket and handed over to the bus conductor.

Q.4. Why did not Valli want to go to the stall and have a drink?  What does it tell you about her?

Ans: Valli did not want to go to the stall to have a drink because she had no money for that. Even when the conductor offered her a cold drink free of cost, she refused firmly. It shows that she had a lot of self will and pride.

THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT

Q.1. What was Valli’s deepest desire? Find out the words and phrases in the story that tell you this.

Ans: Valli’s deepest desire was to take a ride on the bus  that run between her village and the nearest town.

The words and phrases in the story that tell about this are- the fascinating things, the sight of the bus,  a source of unending joy. listening carefully etc.

Q.2. How did Valli plan her bus ride? What did she find out about the bus and how did she save up the fare?

Ans: Valli had a strong desire to have a bus ride from her home to the nearest town. She listened to the conversation  between her neighbours and others who often took bus  journey.  Even she sometimes questioned about the bus. Thus she gathered some knowledge and planned for her bus ride.

Valli saved whatever stray money came her way, resisting every temptation to buy peppermints, toys, balloons and the like. Eventually she had sixty paise saved to pay the bus fare.

Q.3. What kind of a person is Valli? To answer this question, pick out the following sentences from the text and fill in the blanks. The words you fill in are the clues to your answer.

(i) ‘Stop the bus! Stop the bus!’ and a tiny hand was raised —————–.

(ii) ‘Yes, I —————-go to town,’ said Valli, still standing outside the bus.

(iii) There’s is nobody here ——————’ she said haughtily. I’ve paid my thirty paise like anyone’s else.

(iv) ‘Never mind,’ she said.’ I can ———– you don’t have to help me. I am not a child, I tell you,’ she said, ————.

(v) ‘You needn’t bother about me. I ———–’. Valli said, turning her face towards the window and staring out.

(vi) Then she turned to the conductor and said, ‘ Well, sir, I hope ———–.’

Ans: (i) ‘Stop the bus! Stop the bus!’ And a tiny hand was raised commandingly.

(ii) ‘Yes, I simply have to go to town,’ said Valli, still standing outside the bus.

(iii) There’s nobody here  who’s a child’ she said haughtily. I’ve paid my thirty paise like anyone’s else.

(iv) ‘Never mind,’ she said.’ I can get on by myself you don’t have to help me. I am not a child, I tell you,’ she said, irritably.

(v) ‘You needn’t bother about me. I can take care of myself’, Valli said, turning her face towards the window and staring out.

(vi) Then she turned to the conductor and said, ‘Well, sir, I hope to see you again.’

Q.4. Why does the conductor refer to Valli as ‘madam’?

Ans: When the conductor stretched out his hand to help Valli get on the bus, she said that she could get on the bus by herself without the conductor’s help. As she acted like a grown-up man. So the conductor called her ‘madam’.

Q.5. find out the lines in the text which tell you that Valli was enjoying her ride on the bus.

Ans: The lines that tell that Valli was enjoying the ride on the bus are as below-

(i) While the bus was moving on a narrow road along the bank of a canal, she saw the distant mountains, fields, sky and so on. She went on seeing as far as her eyes could see. She uttered, ‘Oh it was all so wonderful.’

(ii) The bus was rolling across a bare landscape and was gobbling up another vehicle. The bus left everything safely. Valli suddenly clapped her hands with glee.

(iii) There came a cow, it ran faster and faster and came right before the bus. This scene made her laugh until there were tears in her eyes.

(iv) The bus passed the Shopping Street. There were displays of clothes and other merchandise! Such a big crowd!

Q.6. Why does Valli refuse to look out of the window on her way back?

Ans: On her way back home, Valli saw a young cow lying dead by the roadside. It looked horrible and there was a fixed stare in lifeless eyes of the cow with blood all over. Its memory hunted her very much and she lost all her enthusiasm and excitement.

That is why she refused to look out of the window on her way back.

Q.7. What does Valli mean when she says, ‘I was just agreeing with what you said about things happening without our knowledge.’

Ans: Returning home from her bus journey, Valli found that her mother had been conversing with her aunt about the happenings in the world. Even some of them were not understandable to her.  At this point, Valli said so expressing her agreement to that many things that have been happening without their knowledge.

Q.8. The author describes the things that Valli sees from an eight-year-old’s point of view. Can you find evidence from the text for this statement?

Ans: The author Vallikkannan has described many things form an eight-year-old’ child named Valli’s point of view. There are many evidence of this statement in the text. At random we can quote the following sentences:

(i) On seeing her one of her friends describing the sights, Valli would shout, ‘Proud! Proud!’

(ii) From the regular bus passengers, Valli would ask a few discreet questions.

(iii) I can get on by myself. You don’t have to help me.

(iv) Ugh! Who could be sociable with such a person.

(v) No one will be looking for me, she said.

(vi) All by myself? Oh, I’d be much to afraid.

(vii) No I don’t have enough money. Just give my ticket, that’s all.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWER

Q.1. How did Valli acquire many unusual experience?

Ans: Valli’s pastime was to keep standing in the front doorway of her house watching what was happening in the street outside. Standing on the doorway was every bit as enjoyable as any of the elaborate games other children played and watching the street gave her many unusual experience.

Q.2. How much distance was the town from Valli’s village? What was the bus fare for a trip Valli’s village to the town? HSLC ’19

Ans: From Valli’s village the town was about six miles away.

The bus fare for a trip from Valli’s village to the nearest town was thirty paise.

Q.3. What sort of person was the conductor?

Ans: The conductor was a jolly sort, fond of joking.

Q.4. Who was Valli?

Ans: Valli was an eight-year-old village girl who lived with her mother.

Q.5. How was Valli different from other girls of her age?

Ans: Other children of her age enjoyed playing games but Valli enjoyed watching the street. Thus she was different from other girls of her age.

Q.6. What was a source of unending joy for Valli? 

or 

What was a source of unending  joy for Valli? What  was her overwhelming desire?  HSLC ’18

Ans: The bus traveled between her village and the nearest town and each time the bus carried with a new set of passengers. This sight was an unending source of joy for Valli.

Valli’s overwhelming desire  was to ride on the bus.

Q.7. What was the full name of Valli?

Ans: The full name of Valli was Valliammai.

Q.8. Give a description of the bus in which Valli traveled.  HSLC ’19

Ans: The bus was a fine one. It was painted in a gleaming white with some green stripes along the sides.  Its overhead bars shone like  silver. In front of the bus, above the windshield, there was a beautiful clock. The seats were soft and luxurious. It traveled to the nearest town through the village road.

Q.9. Read the following passage carefully and answer the the questions that follow:  HSLC ’15

(a) Over many days and months Valli listened carefully to conversation between her neighbour and people who regularly used the bus and she also asked a few discreet questions here and there. This way she picked up various small details about the bus journey. The town was six miles from her village. The fare was thirty paise one way- ‘which is almost nothing at all’, she heard one well-dressed man say, but to Valli, who scarcely saw that much money from one month to the next, it seemed a fortune. The trip to the town took forty five minutes. On reaching town, if she stayed in her seat and paid another thirty paise, she could return home on the same bus. This meant that she could take the one o’clock afternoon bus, reach the town at one forty-five, and be back home by about two forty-five. 

On and on Valli went her thoughts as she calculated and recalculated, planned and replanned.                                                                                        Questions:

(i) What did Valli find out about the bus journey? How did she find out these details?               

(ii) What do you think Valli was planning to do?

Ans:

(i) Valli found out about the bus journey from his neighbours. 

Over many days and months, Valli listened carefully to the conversions between her neighbours and people who regularly took bus journey from the village to the town. She also asked a few questions here and there. In this way she found out about the bus journey.

(ii) Valli was planning to take bus journey from her village to the town. She came to know that it took thirty paise to go and another thiry paise to come back by the bus. So she saved some sixty paise and planned to take her journey by bus.

(b) Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow:  HSLC ’16

It was a new bus, its outside painted a gleaming white with some green stripes  along the sides. Inside, the overhead bars shone like silver. Directly in front of  Valli, above the windshield, there was a beautiful clock. The seats were soft and  luxurious.

Valli devoured everything with her eyes. But when she started to look outside,  she found her view cut off by canvas blind that covered the lower part of  her window. So she stood up and peered over the blind. The bus was now going along the bank of canal. The road was very narrow. On  one side there was canal and beyond it, palm trees, grassland, distant mountains,  and the blue sky. On the other side was a deep ditch and then acres and acres of green field- green, green, green, as far as the eye could see.

Questions:

(i) What was the inside of the bus like ? 

(ii) Why did Valli stand up on the seat ?

(iii) What could be seen outside as the bus was going along the bank of a canal ? 

Ans: (i) The inside of the bus was fine. Its overhead bars shone like silver. The seats were soft and luxurious.

(ii) Valli stood up on the seats because when she started to look outside, she found her view cut off by a canvas blind that covered the lower part of the window.

(iii)  One could see palm trees, grassland, distant mountains and the blue sky on the one side. On the other side a deep ditch and green field could be seen outside as the bus was going along the bank of a canal. 

Q.10. How old was Valli?

Ans: Valli was eight years old. 

Q.11. What fascinated Valli most?

Ans: The bus that traveled between her village and the nearest town fascinated Valli most. 

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POETRY

A TIGER IN THE ZOO

– Leslie Norris

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

THINKING ABOUT THE POEM

Q.1. Read the poem again and work in pairs or group to do the following tasks.

(i) Find the words that describe the movements and actions of the tiger in the cage and in the wild.  Arrange them in two columns.

Ans: The words describing the works and actions of the tiger in the cage are- stalks, stalking,  rage, snarling, ignoring, hears and stares

The words describing the works and actions of the tiger in the wild are- lurking, terrorizing and baring.

(ii) Find the words that describe the two places, and arrange them in two columns.

Now try to share ideas about how the poet uses words and images to contrast the two situations.

Ans: The words describing the cage are- his cage, concrete cell, behind bars, length of his cage

The words describing the jungle are – lurking in the shadow, sliding through long grass, water hole, deer pass and jungle’s edge.

Q.2. Notice the use of a word repeated in  lines such as these:

(i)    On pads of velvet quiet,

       In his quiet rage.

(ii)  And stares with his brilliant eyes

      At the brilliant stars.

What do you think of this effect of this repetition.

Ans: (i) The first ‘quiet’ refers to the softness of the velvet and the second ‘quiet’ refers to silent anger of the tiger.

(ii) The first ‘brilliant’ refers to  very keen of sight. And the second ‘brilliant’ refers to brightness of the eyes of the tiger.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

Q.1. How does the tiger walk in the cage?

Ans: The tiger walks in the cage in  grave pace with silent anger.

Q.2. How does the tiger in cage react to the visitors?

Ans: The tiger being in the cage can not do what it usually does in the jungle. He keeps stalking within the cage with rage.

Q.3. What does the poet think where should the tiger be?

Ans: The poet thinks that the tiger should be in the jungle.

Q.4. How does the tiger behave at night?

Ans: The tiger being confined  within the cage in zoo, it can’t enjoy freedom of its usual activities. He hears the last voice of the patrolling cars at night and keep looking intensely at the shining stars.

Q.5. How does the tiger terrify the villagers?

Ans: The tiger terrifies the villagers by snarling  and showing white  fags and long claws to the villagers.

Q.6. What message does the poem entitled ‘Tiger’ convey to us?

Ans: The poem entitled ‘A Tiger in the Zoo’ convey to us that the animals in the zoo are deprived of their natural freedom. They live a miserable life. People should treat them well in the zoo.

Q.7. Who is the poet of the poem ‘A Tiger in the Zoo’?

Ans: The poet of the poem entitled ‘A Tiger in the Zoo’ is Leslie Noris.

Q.8. What is a water hole? Why should the tiger be lurking near it? HSLC ’18

Ans: The water hole refers to a pond. 

The tiger should be  lurking near the water hole to catch the pretty plump deer.

Q.9. What would the tiger have been doing if it were in its natural habitat? HSLC ’19

Ans: The tiger, if it were in its natural habitat, would have slided silently through the long grass for a plump deer. He would have terrorized the villagers when it had moved around the villages.

Q.10. Choose the meaning of the underlined words from the alternatives given in brackets.

(a) He stalks in his vivid stripes. (glaring/ dark/ pale)  HSLC ’15 

Ans: glaring.

(b) In his quiet rage (mood/ violent anger/ walk)  HSLC ’15

Ans: violent anger.

(c) And stares with his brilliant  eyes …… (dull/ very bright/ angry) HSLC ’17

Ans: very bright

(d) In his quiet rage. (love/ hatred/ violent anger)   HSLC ’17

Ans: violent anger.

(e) In his quiet rage (noisy/ silent/ worst)   HSLC ’19

Ans: silent

(f) At the jungle’s edge. (border/ side/ centre)  HSLC ’19

Ans: border.

Q.11. How does the tiger terrorise the villagers?

Ans: The tiger terrorises the villagers by snarling  and showing its long claws and white fangs. 

Q.12. Where does the tiger stalk? How is its behaviour?

Ans: The tiger stalks in the cage. 

It behaves with anger.

13. Choose from the box given below the words that rhyme with the following:  HSLC ’20

dragon, rage

(grey, wagon, stairs, bears, cage, cries)

Ans: Dragon ————— wagon.

rage—————cage.

 

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AMANDA!

– Robin Klein

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

THINKING ABOUT THE POEM

Q.1. How old do you think Amanda is? How do you know this?

Ans: From the activities it seems that Amanda is a small girl.

We can know it from her childish activities like biting nails and moving her shoulders.

Q.2. Who do you think speaking to her?

Ans: The poet of the poem is speaking to the girl, Amanda.

Q.3. Why are Stanzas 2, 4 and 6 given in parenthesis?

Ans: The Stanzas 2, 4 and 6 are given in parenthesis because they are the replies of the girl, Amanda. Her replies reveal her nature.

Q.4. Who is the speaker in the Stanzas 2, 4 and 6? Do you think this speaker is listening to the speaker in the Stanzas 1, 3, 5 and 7?

Ans: The speaker in Stanzas 2, 4 and 6 is the small girl, Amanda. It seems that she is not listening to the speaker in the Stanzas 1, 3, 5 and 7.

Q.5. What could Amanda do if she were a mermaid?  HSLC ’15

Ans: If Amanda were a mermaid she could live  a blissful life in the sea.

Q.6. Is Amanda an orphan? Why does she say so?

Ans: No, in fact Amanda is not an orphan. She says so because she was wandering like an orphan in the street.

Q.7. Do you know the story of Rapunzel? Why does she want to be Rapunzel?

Ans: Yes, Rapunzel was a fairy with golden hair. She lived in a tower. Amanda wished to live a peaceful and free life like Rapunzel.

Q.8. What does the girl yearn for? What does this poem tell you about Amanda?

Ans: The small girl named Amanda yearns for living a life full of liberty and enjoyment. She does not like to be interrogated by others.

Q.9. Read the last stanza. Do you think Amanda is sulking and is moody?

Ans: The last stanza shows that Amanda is moody and not sulky. She bears a mind of her own and she seems to be completely indifferent to the advice of others.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

Q.1. What does Amanda believe about silence and freedom?

Ans: Amanda believes that silence is golden and freedom is sweet.

Q.2. What does the poet advise Amanda?

Ans: The poet authoritatively advises the little girl Amanda neither to bite her nails nor to bend her shoulders. He advises her more to sit straight, to do her home wok and to clean her room and not to chew chocolate.

Q.3. How did Amanda describe her life as an orphan?

Ans: Like an orphan Amanda wanders about the street with bare feet enjoying freedom. She creates pattern on the soft dust by her bare feet. For her silence was golden. She loved silence and freedom much.

Q.4. How does the speaker find Amanda to be in the end?

Ans: In the end the speaker finds Amanda to be sulking and moody.

Q.5. Who wrote the poem ‘Amanda’?

Ans: The poem ‘Amanda’ was written by  Robin Klein.

Q.6. Where does Amanda roam? What does she do with her bare feet? HSLC ’18

Ans: Amanda roams in the street with freedom.

He strikes the dust of the street with her bare feet.

Q.7. Is Amanda a student? How do you know? HSLC ’17, ’20

Ans: Yes, Amanda is a student. We can know this from the fact that her guardian asks her whether she has completed her homework.

Q.8. How old do you think Amanda is? How do you know this? HSLC ’16. ’19

Ans: Amanda is twelve or thirteen years old.

We can know this from the fact that she is affected with ‘acne’ on her face. Acnes occur usually when a girl or boy is about 12 or 13.

Q.9. How do we know that Amanda was  a teenager? HSLC ’15

Ans: Amanda  was a teenager. We can know this from the fact that she was affected with ‘acne’ which usually occurs to a boy or girl around 12 or 13.

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 ANIMALS

– Walt Whitman

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

THINKING ABOUT THE POEM

Q.1. Notice the use of the word ‘turn’ in the first line, ‘I think I could turn and live with the animals….’. What is the poet turning from?

Ans: The poet has realised that the animals are self-contained and free from anxiety of possessing things.They are fully satisfied with their life whereas human suffers from the mania of owing things. So the poet wants to turn and live with the animals. In other words to say, the poet wants to be free from material world of selfishness.

Q.2. Mention three things that humans do and  animals don’t.

Ans: The three things that humans do and the animals don’t are-

(i) Humans weep for their sins but the animals don’t.

(ii) Humans feel trouble in doing their duties to God but the animals don’t.

(iii) Humans always complain about their sad conditions but the animals don’t.

Q.3. Do humans kneel to other humans who live thousands of years ago? Discuss this in group.

Ans: Yes, humans kneel to other humans. In human society there is class distinctions and the low people have to kneel to the superior people. Some people worship their ancestors and kneel down in front their portraits.

Q.4. What are the tokens that the poet says he may have dropped long ago, and which the animals have kept for him? Discuss this in class. (Hint: Whitman belongs to the Romantic tradition that includes Rousseau and Wordsworth, which holds that civilization has made humans false to their own true nature. What could be the basic aspects of our nature as living beings that humans choose to ignore or deny?

Ans: The tokens that the poet says he might have dropped long ago are – the tokens of love, respect, sympathy, cooperation, friendship and honouring the old tradition. Dropping away all these qualities humans have grown selfish, greedy and cruel. But the animals are self-contained. They have no feeling of inferiority or superiority. They have neither the feelings of hatred nor cruelty. The poet finds morality in animals other than in humans.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

Q.1. What is the main theme of the poem ‘Animals’?

Ans: They main theme of the poem ‘Animals’ is that the animals are self-contained and free of anxieties of life if compared to the life way of humans. 

Q.2. Who is the poet of the poem ‘Animals’? 

Ans: Walt Whitman is the poet of the poem entitled ‘Animals’.

Q.3. What are the things that the animals don’t do?

Ans: The animals are self-contained. They don’t  become sick of discussing their duties to God. There is no class struggle in their life way. They are neither cruel nor selfish. They have no mania of possessing things. They never complain about their conditions.

Q.4. How do the animals accept their conditions?  HSLC ’15

Ans: The animals accept their conditions without any complaint. They are placid and self contained in nature. 

Q.5. Why did the poet feel more at home with animals than humans?  HSLC ’19

Ans: The poet feels more at home with animals than humans because the animals are placid  and self contained. They never complain the way they live. They are not burdened with cares like humans. They do not have to repent for their sins. These qualities impressed the poet very much.

Q.6. Choose the meaning of the bold words from the alternatives given in the brackets.

(a) They don’t sweat and whine about their condition. HSLC ’16

(sing loudly/ complain in an annoying voice/ cry in joy) 

Ans: complain in an annoying voice.

(b) I wonder where they get those tokens. HSLC ’16

(feel happy/ feel sorry/ feel very surprised)

Ans: feel very surprised.

(c) I think I could turn and live with the animals, they are so placid and self-contained. HSLC ’18

(angy/ calm and peaceful/ harmful)

Ans: calm and peaceful. 

(d) Not one is dissatisfied, not one is demented with the mania of  owing things. HSLC ’18

(feeling unhappy/ feeling dissatisfied/ behaving crazily for being upset) 

Ans: behaving crazily for being upset. 

(e) ……they are so placid and self-contained. HSLC ’20

(irritated/ troublesome/ unruffled)

Ans: unruffled

(f) ……. not one is demented with the mania. HSLC ’20

(mad/ dishonest/ displeased)

Ans: displeased.

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FOG

– Carl Sandburg

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

THINKING ABOUT THE POEM

Q.1. (i)What does Sandburg think the fog is like?

(ii) How does the fog come?

(iii) What does ‘it’ in the third line refer to?

(iv) Does the poet actually say that the fog is like a cat? Find three things that tell us that the fog is like a cat.

Ans: (i) The poet Sandburg thinks that the fog is like a cat.

(ii) The fog comes on little cat feet.

(iii) In the third line ‘it’refers to the fog. The fog spread over the city and it looks like a cat.

(iv) The poet does not actually say that the fog is like a cat. He has used cat as a metaphor to compare the nature of fog with a cat. As a cat walks on silently so does the fog. It comes down silently and spread over the city which looks like a cat.

Q.2. You know that a metaphor compares two things by transferring a feature of one thing to the other (see Unit 1).

(i) Find metaphors for the following words and complete the following table below:

Try to say how they are like. The first is done for you.

Ans:

Storm   Tiger     pounces over the fields, growls.

Train   wind      fast in movement

Fire    ruin  that  engulf everything

School gateway  educates student and lead to a life  of responsibility

Home abode  a shelter of love and affection

Q.3. Does the poem have a rhyme scheme? Poetry that does not have an obvious rhythm or rhyme scheme is called ‘free verse.’

Ans: No, this poem does not have any obvious rhyme scheme. It is written in free verse.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

Q.1. How does the fog come?  HSLC ’16, 17

Ans: The fog comes as silently as a cat.

Q.2. Who is the poet of the poem ‘Fog’?

Ans: Carl Sandburg is the poet of the poem ‘Fog’.

Q.3. What does Sandburg think the fog is like? HSLC ’17

Ans: Sandburg thinks that the fog is like a cat.

Q.4. Choose from the box given below, the words that rhyme with the following:

(i) feet, silent (run, slow, violent, moves, seats, edge, city)  HSLC ’15

Ans: (i) Feet —- seat,  silent —– violent

(ii) feet, harbour (bit, beat, sit, hour, honor, armour) HSLC ’18, ’19

(ii) feet —- beat, harbour — armour.

Q.5. How does the poet describe the fog as if it were a living being?

Ans: If the fog were a living being it would behave like a cat. It would come silently to the town and spread over the it slowly like a cat. After sometime it would have disappeared silently. 

Q.6. What is a harbour and how is it related to fog? HSLC ’20

Ans: A harbour refers to the sheltered area of sea-coast where ships can be moored. The fog is related to a harbour in respect that the fog comes down like a cat and takes shelter in the city.

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THE TALE OF CUSTARD THE DRAGON

– Ogden Nash

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

THINKING ABOUT THE POEM

Q.1. Who are the characters in this poem? List them with their pet names.

Ans: The characters with their pet names in the poem are as below:

Characters          Pet Names

A grey Mouse    Blink

A Yellow Dog   Mustard

A black Kitten  Ink

A Dragon          Custard

Q.2. Why did Custard cry for a nice safe cage? Why is the dragon called a ‘cowardly dragon’?  HSLC ’15

Ans: The Custard cried for a nice cage because of safety. 

The dragon was called a’cowardly dragon’ because he was coward whereas everybody except the dragon was brave.

Q.3. ‘Belinda tickled him. She tickled him unmerciful …’ why?

Ans: Belinda got much enjoyment in tickling the dragon. She wanted that the dragon should leave his cowardly nature. So he tickled him to encourage him to become brave.

Q.4. The poet has employed many poetic devices in the poem. For example: ‘Clashed his tail like iron in a dungeon’- the poetic device here is a simile. Can you with your partner, list some such poetic devices used in this poem?

Ans: Some examples of poetic device (simile) used in the poem are as below:

(i) mouth  like a fire place.

(ii) chimney for a nose.

(iii) as brave as a tiger.

(iv) as brave as a barrel full of bears.

(v) snorting like an engine.

(vi) pirate like a robin at the worm.

Q.5. Read the Stanza III again to know how the poet describes the appearance of the dragon.

Ans: In the Stanza III the poet describes that the dragon has sharp teeth and spikes on its top. Below its body there are scales. Its mouth is like a fireplace and its nose is like a chimney. There are daggers in its toes.

Q.6. Can you find out the rhyme scheme of the two or three stanzas of the poem?

Ans: Yes, the poem is written in rhyme scheme. In the Stanza no. II, the rhyming words are ‘ink’- ‘blink’, ‘mustard’ – ‘custard’. In the stanza no. III the rhyming words are ‘teeth’- ‘underneath’, and ‘nose’- ‘toes’.

Q.7. Writers use words to give us a picture or image without saying what they mean. Can you trace some images used in the poem?

Ans: Yes the poet has used many images in the poem as-

(i) mouth like a fireplace.

(ii) chimney for a nose.

(iii) as brave as a barrel full of bears.

(iv) as brave as a tiger in a rage.

(v) snorting like an engine etc.

Q.8. Do you find ‘The Tale of  Custard the Dragon’ to be a serious or light-hearted poem? Give reasons to support your answer.

Ans: The poem ‘The Tale of Custard the Dragon’ is not a serious but a light-hearted poem. There are much humorous elements in the poem which provide entertainment in the poem. For examples:

“Custard the dragon had big sharp teeth,

And spikes on the top of him and scales underneath,

Mouth like a fireplace, chimney for a nose,

And realio, trulio draggers on his nose.”

Q.9. This poem, in ballad form, tells a story. Have you come across any such song or lyric that tells a story? If you know one, tell it to the class. Collect such songs as a project.

Ans: Try yourselves.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

Q.1. Who is the poet of the poem ‘The Tale of Custard the Dragon’

Ans: The poet of the poem ‘The Tale of the Custard the Dragon’ is Ogden Nash

Q.2. Where did Belinda live?

Ans: Belinda lived in a little white house.

Q.3. What was the dragon called?

Ans: The dragon was called Custard.

Q.4. What name was given to the little black kitten?

Ans: The little black kitten was named as Ink.

Q.5. With whom Belinda live?

Ans: Belinda lived with a little black kitten, a grey mouse, a yellow dog and a coward dragon.

Q.6. What was the grey mouse called?

Ans: The grey mouse was called Blink.

Q.7. What was the yellow dog called?

Ans: The yellow dog was called Mustard.

Q.8 What was the mouth of the dragon like?

Ans: The mouth of the dragon was like a fireplace.

Q.9. What was the nature of the dragon?

Ans: The nature of the dragon was cowardly.

Q.10. How was Mustard?

Ans: Mustard the yellow dog was as brave as a tiger in a rage.

Q.11. Why did Belinda cry for help?

Ans: Belinda cried for help because she saw a pirate with a pistol in his hand.

Q.12. Give a description of the fight between Custard dragon and the Pirate. HSLC ’19

Ans: When Custard the dragon saw the Pirate, he jumped to fight him. The Pirate fired two bullets at him but missed the both. Then Custard gobbled whole of the Pirate and left no trace of him. 

Q.13. How did Belinda and her pets behave when they saw the pirate  climbing the window?  HSLC ’19

Ans:  When Belinda saw the Pirate climbing the window, he got afraid of the Pirate and become pale. Mustard ran away with a terrified cry and Ink crept to the bottom of the house while Blink disappeared in his mouse hole. Custard jumped in front of the Pirate to fight him.

Q.14. How was Custard dragon received after he had killed the Pirate?  HSLC ’18

Ans: Custard dragon was received like a hero after he had killed the Pirate. Belinda embraced him and Mustard licked him. Even Ink and Blink moved around Custard in joy.

Q.15. Choose from the box given below the words that rhyme with the following:

(a) rage, house (taste, rest, cage, loud, fresh, mouse, vague) HSLC ’16

(b) bright, sound (call, caught, sing, right, around hat) HSLC ’17

Ans: (a) rage —- cage,   house—– mouse

(b) bright —— right,       sound —– around 

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Ready Guide on Seba English X (Prose, Poetry & Supp. Reader)

 

SUPPLEMENTARY READER (Foot Prints Without Feet)

 

THE MIDNIGHT VISITOR

-Robert Arthur

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

THINK ABOUT IT

Q.1. “Ausable did not fit any description of a secret agent Fowler had ever read. What do secret agents in books and films look like, in your opinion? Discuss in groups or in class some stories or movies featuring spies, detectives and secret agents, and compare their appearance with that of Ausable in this story. ( You may mention characters from fiction in language other than English. In English fiction you may have come across Sherlock Holms, Hercule Poirot, or Miss Marple. Have you watched any movies featuring James Bond?)

Ans: Try Yourselves.

Q.2. How does Ausable manage to make Max believe that there is a balcony attached to his room? Look back at his detailed description of it. What makes it a convincing story? HSLC ’15, ’19

or 

Briefly describe how Ausable defeated Max’s scheme to take away the report. HSLC ’16

or 

Between Ausable and Max, who do you think is more intelligent and why? HSLC ’20

Ans: Ausable was a secret agent who stayed at a hotel in France. There, one night another secret agent named Max entered the room secretly to take away the report from Ausable. He entered with a pistol in his hand and try to frighten Ausable. But Ausable, with the presence of mind,  created a convincing story to misguide Max that there was a balcony attached to his room. He said that twice in a month somebody had entered this room through the balcony. When Max asked him about the balcony, Ausable replied with a feigned irritation that the balcony belonged to another person. He further told Max that this room was earlier a part of a larger one. He said that it extended under his window.

Thus his manner of description convinced Max that there was a balcony under his window and thus Ausable defeated Max’s scheme to take away the report.

Q.3. Looking back at the story, when do you think Ausable thought up his plan for getting rid of Max? Do you think he had worked out his plan in detail right from the beginning? Or did he make up a plan taking advantage of events as they happened?

Ans: The story of the balcony told by Ausable to convince Max seems quite a thought out plan from the beginning. He took the advantage of the circumstance. When the waiter knocked at the door then Ausable told Max that it was police and if he opened the door the police might have shoot Max. Ausables’ only thought was to get rid of Max. Hence he faked out a story that twice a month somebody had entered the room through the balcony. The story of the balcony was so convincing that Max crossed over the window and fell down.

It was a made up plan but it was told so convincingly and vividly that it seems to be  preplanned.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

Q.1. Describe the meeting between Ausable and Max.

or

Give a description of Max’s conversation with Ausable. HSLC ’17

Ans: Ausable was a secret agent who was staying in a room of a French hotel. He was going to receive a report regarding some missiles. On the other hand, Max was another secret agent who desired to have the report from Ausable by threatening Ausable to death. Ausable met Max when he switched on the light. Max carried with him a pistol. Then with the presence of mind Ausable faked out a story of having a balcony of his room. In the mean time a waiter knocked at the door and Ausable convinced him that he might be a police and being afraid of the police Max jumped down the window and fell down.

Q.2. Who was Fawler? Give a description of his  meeting with Ausable. HSLC ’18

or

How did Ausable make Fowler disillusioned and happy later?

Ans: Fowler was a romantic writer who came to Ausable to know and see the working of a spy. But Fowler found Ausable a quite different sort of person. Already there was another secret agent named Max who went there to get the report from Ausable. But by means of Ausable’s presence of mind he happened to mislead Max as he made out the story of the balcony. After a moment a waiter knocked at the door and Ausable told that he was a police who might shoot Max. Being afraid of the police Max jumped in the balcony and fell down. 

Thus Ausable disillusioned Fowler. 

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Ready Guide on Seba English X (Prose, Poetry & Supp. Reader)

 

A QUESTION OF TRUST

– Victor Canning

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

THINK ABOUT IT

Q.1. Do you begin to suspect, before the end of the story, that the lady was not the person Horace Danby took her to be? If so, at what point did you realise this, and how?

Ans: Yes, we begin to suspect before the end of the story that the lady was not the person Horace Danby took her to be. When she saw Horace, she kept calm and normal and did nothing what we expect to be done to a thief. It seemed strange. She seemed not to call the police and in turn she asked Horace to break out the jewels from the safe. It also seemed suspicious and even when she claimed to have forget the number of the key to open the safe also seemed suspicious.

Therefore it was evident before the end of the story, that the lady was not the person Horace had taken her to be.

Q.2. What are the subtle ways in which the lady manages to deceive Horace Danby into thinking she is the lady of the house? Why does not Horace suspect that something is wrong?

or

How did young lady trick Horace Danby? HSLC ’19

Ans: Horace Danby was a thief and one day he went to steal the jewels of a household at Shotover Grange. When he was wandering about the house to  steal the valuables then he heard a voice of a lady. Horace thought her to be the mistress of the house. But the lady was shrewd enough to beguile him. The lady was firm in voice and spoke with confidence. While talking to him, the lady smiled and once threatened him of police. This was enough to frighten Horace.

Being afraid of the lady eventually he lost his conscience and failed to suspect the lady. Thus the young lady tricked Horace Danby.

Q.3. Horace Danby was good and respectable- but not completely honest.” Why do you think this description is apt for Horace? Why can’t he be categorized as a typical thief ?

or

Who is Horace Danby? What type of man was he?  HSLC ’17, ’20

Ans: The description of Horace that he was good and respectable is apt for him. It is because he had a reputation to be so in society.  He had a house. He was a manufacturer of locks and was a successful businessman. Even he had two men to help him in his business. Despite this he stole  once a year. But the fact for him was that  he robbed only rich people with the sole purpose to buy rare books but  not to eat and drink.

Due to all these reasons Horace can’t be categorized as a typical thief.

Q.4. Horace Danby was a meticulous planner but still he failed. Where did he go wrong and why?  HSLC ’15

Ans: Horace Danby was a meticulous planner, but still he failed. He stole valuable things of rich people only and he did it only once a year. Before going to steal he made a meticulous plan. For example he studied the every detail of the Shotover Grange before he went there for stealing. He even knew the name of the dog of the house.

Despite his meticulous plan he failed to rob of the house. The main cause of his failure was that the lady of the house was very shrewd and had presence of mind. On seeing her Horace got afraid and entreated her to let him go. But the lady talk to her in a convincing manner that Horace lost his conscience and acted upon her order. He broke out the jewels with his own hand that left behind him his trace enough to be caught up him by the police later on.

Thus for believing the lady blindly, he failed in spite of his meticulous planning.

TALK ABOUT IT

Q.1. Do you think Horace Danby was unfairly punished, or that he deserved what he got?

Ans: Horace was not unfairly punished, he deserved the punishment. Though he seemed to be a good and respectable citizen outwardly yet he was evil internally. He stole things of rich people once a year with the sole aim of buying rare books. But no law allows anybody to steal for buying books. He was a criminal in the eyes of law and immoral in the eyes of morality.

So Horace was not unfairly punished, he deserved what he got.

Q.2. Do intention justify action? Would you, like Horace Danby, do something wrong if you thought your ends justifies the means? Do you think that there are situations in which it is excusable to act less than honesty?

Ans: In the eyes of law intention does not justifies the action. An action is justified by how far the action is legal or illegal. 

We would not do like Horace who thought that his end justified the means. One’s end may be good but if the medium of operating the action is against law then it  must be considered to be wrong.

No,  we think there is no situation which may be considered excusable if the action goes against the existing law.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

Q.1. Describe how Horace Dunby was arrested by the police.

or

What was the wrong with Horace?

Ans: Horace Danby was considered a good and respectable person. He  did business in lock making. Even he was successful in his business. But he had a hobby of hoarding and reading rare books. For that he stole things of rich people once a year. He was meticulous in stealing. Once he went to Shotover Grange for stealing the jewels. But unexpectedly he met with the lady of the house and got embarrassed. The lady being shrewd, threatened him but later on she asked him to break the safe to bring out the jewels for her. Being convinced by her words he readily agreed and broke out the jewels. While he did the act of breaking out the valuables, then the stamp of Horace’s hand fell on the things whatever he touched. This finger prints were enough to recognise him as a thief. Later on police arrested him and sent him to prison.

Q.2 How Horace Danby become an assistant librarian in the prison?   HSLC ’18

Ans: Horace Danby  was regarded as a good and respectable person in society.  He was a manufacturer of locks and was a successful businessman. Even he had two men to help him in his business. Despite this he stole  once a year. But the fact for him was that  he robbed only rich people with the sole purpose of buying rare books but  not to eat and drink.

Horace served his first sentence in a prison library  fifteen years ago.  He was tricked by a lady who was in the same profession. After that he went to steal the jewelry of a household in Shotover Grange and there he was tricked by the lady of the house and touched the jewelry. There he was beguiled by the lady and eventually he was caught by the police and  was sent to  prison. At the prison he was made the librarian keeping in view his previous experience in the prison library. 

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Ready Guide on Seba English X (Prose, Poetry & Supp. Reader)

 

FOOTPRINTS WITHOUT FEET

– Victor Canning

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS 

THINK ABOUT IT

Q.1. ‘Griffin was rather a lawless person’ – comment.

Ans: The activities show that Griffin was a lawless person. He being lawless, his landlord tried to get rid of him. In revenge, he set fire to the house and ran away. He stole and robbed people after becoming invisible. He fed himself without regard to paying the cost. During his Drury Lane life, he went to a shop and came out wearing bandage round his forehead, dark glasses, false nose and a large hat. He vehemently attacked the shopkeeper and robbed him of all the money. He even attacked the innkeeper and his wife when they tried to sneak into his room. Eventually when the police came in to arrest him he threw off his clothes, became invisible and ran away.

All these activities showed that Griffin was a lawless person.

Q.2. How you would assess Griffin as a scientist?

Ans: Griffin was a scientist for the fact that he, after repeated experiments discovered to make the human body transparent. That means he could become invisible. It was a big achievement. But he misused his discovery for his selfish gain.

Thus he may be called a scientist, but he was dishonest.

TALK  ABOUT  IT

Q.1. Would you like to become invisible? What advantage and disadvantage do you foresee, if you did?

Ans: No, I would not like to become invisible. I foresee the following advantage of becoming so. If I would have become invisible I would go wherever I like. I could visit the prohibited areas also. It would have given me much excitement and enjoyment. But I foresee some disadvantages also as – Man is selfish by nature. If I would become invisible then my negative instincts may get active and mislead me as happened to Griffin.

I foresee that there is more possibility of becoming addicted to dishonest and illegal activities than its honest advantages. Therefore I would not like to become invisible.

Q.2. Are there forces around us that are invisible, for example, magnetism? Are there aspects of matter that are invisible or not visible to naked eyes? What would the world be like if you could see such forces or such aspects of matter?

Ans: Yes, there are forces around us that are invisible. For examples the human soul, the gravity of the earth, the workings of human brain etc. If all these invisible things could be seen, no doubt, it would have been a matter of much excitement. 

Q.3. What makes glass or water  transparent? (What is the scientific explanation for this? Do you think it would be scientifically possible for man to become invisible, or transparent? (Keep in mind that writers of scientific fiction have often termed out to be prophetic in their imagination.)

Ans: Glass or water  are made of such components through which light can easily pass and that is why they are transparent. As for our knowledge it is impossible to become transparent for any human being. But some imagination of the writers of scientific fiction have come true later on . For example the French  science fiction writer Jules Verne’s told about landing on the moon, visiting the sea bed-  all have come true after only a century of his telling so.

Therefore it may not be nullified  strictly that it may be possible to become transparent or invisible for a man in future. But at present it seems impossible.

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWER

Q.1. Why were all people attracted towards the stranger at the village inn?

or

How and why Griffin come to the village of Iping? Why does Mrs Hall find him eccentric?   HSLC ’19

Ans: After leaving London Griffin arrived at a small village called Iping. His arrival was unusual because in winter hardly people went there. So when he went there, everybody of the village become surprised. He became the topic of conversation among the villagers. Even he reached the village with unusual dress as he wore a bandage round his forehead, had dark eye glasses, a false nose and a large hat. All the people looked at him with curiosity and suspicion. Miss Hall wished to be friendly with him but he showed no interest to her. So Mrs Hall find him eccentric.

Q.2. Why did Griffin become a homeless wanderer? Why did he slip into the big London store and what did he do there?   HSLC ’18

Ans: Griffin was a scientist but a lawless person.  One day his landlord tried to eject him. In revenge, he  set fire to the house and to get away without being seen he had removed his clothes and left the place. Thence he became a homeless wanderer.

He slipped into a big London store because the cold was unbearable. He broke open  boxes and fitted with warm clothes. He wore shoes, an overcoat and a hat.

Q.3. Give a description of Griffin’s experience in Drury Lane. HSLC ’17, ’20

Ans:: After leaving the rent house, Griffin took off his clothes and became an wanderer. Then he decided to try the stock of a theatrical company in the hope of finding not only clothes but also something that would hide the empty space above his shoulders.  Being shivered in cold he went to the Drury Lane. There he found a suitable shop and entered to try the stock of a theatrical company. He came out wearing  bandages round his forehead. He wore dark glasses, a false nose and a large hat. He attacked a shopkeeper and stole money from him. 

This was Griffin’s experience in Drury Lane. 

Q.4. Describe the extraordinary behavior of Mrs Hall’s furniture. HSLC ’16

Ans: One morning the landlord and his wife found the door of Griffin wide open. Usually it was shut from inside.  Out of curiosity, they peeped into the door. They found nobody but saw that the bed clothes and the bandage of Griffin were lying there.  All of a sudden Mrs Hall heard a sniff and saw that the bed post began to leap up. It hit her face.  Then she saw the chair sprang into the air. It came towards her. Out of fear they turned away.  Then the chair pushed them both out and  appeared to slam and lock the door after them. Mrs Hall almost fell down the stairs. She felt that the  room was haunter by spirits. 

Thus was the extraordinary behavior of Mrs Hall’s furniture.

Q.5. Who was Griffin? How did he become invisible? Why did Mrs Hall find him eccentric?  HSLC ’15

Ans: Mr Griffin was a scientist but a lawless person. 

Griffin carried out experiment after experiment to prove that human body could be invisible. At last he succeeded in his experiment and  invented some rare drugs. He swallowed them and his body became invisible or transparent.

In Iping Mrs Hall wished to be friendly with him but he showed no interest in her. Instead he liked solitude. So Mrs Hall found him eccentric.

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Ready Guide on Seba English X (Prose, Poetry & Supp. Reader)

 

THE HACK DRIVER

– Sinclair Lewis

 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

READ AND FIND OUT- 1

Q.1. Why was the lawyer sent to New Mullion? What does he first think about the place?  HSLC ’17

Ans: The Lawyer was sent to New Mullion to serve on a summons to a man called Oliver Lutkins. But there he was deluded by Oliver Lutkins who took him round the town all day long.

At first he thought the place to be a sweet and simple country village. But he found it not to be so. 

Q.2. Who befriends him? Where does he take him?

Ans: The Lawyer was befriended by a man who introduced himself as Bill or Magnuson. He was a delivery man at the station.

He took the lawyer to all the places where Oliver Lutkins could have probably hung out. He took the lawyer to Fritz’s Shop, to Gustaff’s barber shop  and to several other places and finally he took him to Oliver Lutkins’ mother’s home. But Oliver Lutkins was found nowhere.

Q.3. What does he say about Lutkins?

Ans: Bill told the lawyer that Oliver Lutkins was a hard fellow to catch. He owed money to many people. Even Bill was to get money from him. He was so miser that he never pay a cent to anybody. He also said that Lutkins played a lot of poker. He was good at deceiving people.

READ AND FIND OUT- 2

Q.1. What does more Bill say about Lutkins and his family?

Ans: Bill told the lawyer that he knew Lutkins’ mother who lived in a village. He said that she was a terrible woman. She looked very heavy and fat. He narrated an incident that Bill took a trunk to her once and she almost took his skin off because he did not treat it like a box of eggs. She also talked a lot. Bill said more that Oliver might have heard that somebody was chasing him and consequently he would have gone into hiding at his mother’s place.

THINK ABOUT IT

Q.1. When the lawyer reached New Mullion, did Bill know that he was looking for Lutkins?When do you think Bill came up with his plan for fooling the lawyer?

Ans: When the lawyer reached New Mullion, Bill came to know that he was looking for Lutkins. Oliver knew that the lawyer was in need of Oliver Lutkins as a witness in a law case. So it seems that Lutkins was prepared for such a situation.

Q.2. Lutkins openly takes the lawyer all over the village. How is it that no one lets out the secret? (Hint: Notice that the hack driver asks the lawyer to keep out of sight behind him when they go into Fritz’s.) Can you find other such subtle ways in which Lutkins manipulates the tour?

or

Who was Bill? How did he befool the lawyer?  HSLC ’15, ’18

or

Give a description of the first meeting between Bill and the young lawyer. HSLC ’16, ’19, ’20

Ans: Bill  was the false name of Oliver Lutkins. The Lawyer was sent to New Mullion to serve on a summons to  Oliver Lutkins. But by presence of mind Oliver took the false name ‘Bill’ and befooled the lawyer.

When the lawyer arrived at New Mullion, Bill  took the charge of finding out Oliver Lutkins in favour of the lawyer.  He went on contract with his hack driver to carry the lawyer to all the places where Oliver might have been. He ordered the lawyer to sit just behind Lutkins so that none can recognise him. Lutkins was always the first to enter the place where he took the lawyer. He prevented the lawyer from directly talking with people at those places. In this way he took them into confidence. He took the lawyer to all the places where Oliver Lutkins could have probably hung out. He took the lawyer to Fritz’s Shop, to Gustaff’s barber shop and to several other places and finally he took him to Oliver Lutkins’ mother’s home. 

There is other such subtle ways in which Lutkins manipulates the tour. At the station Lutkins asked the lawyer if he was in a hurry to find Lutkins. The lawyer told him that he had to catch the afternoon train back to the city. This helped him made out the plan to cheat the lawyer. He took the lawyer round the neighbouring places till it was time for him to catch the train back to the city.

In this way, Lutkins always kept ahead of the lawyer and managed to manipulate the tour and thus he befooled the lawyer. 

Q.3. Why do you think Lutkins’ neighbour were anxious to meet the lawyer?

Ans: Lutkins took the lawyer across New Mullion in search of Lutkins himself in favour of the lawyer. He, very easily and tactfully succeeded in deluding the lawyer. During this process of deception, almost all the people in the town happened to see the lawyer. This episode would have become the talking point of the town.

Q.4. After his first day’s experience with the hack driver the lawyer thinks of returning to New Mullion to practise law. Do you think he would have reconsidered this idea after his second visit?

Ans: After the first day’s experience with the hack driver, the lawyer had considered returning to New Mullion  to practise law.

Yes, we think that the lawyer would have reconsidered this idea after his second visit.

Q.5. Do you think that the lawyer was gullible? How could he have avoided being taken for a ride?

Ans: It seems that the lawyer was gullible. If he were careful he could have avoided being taken  for a ride by Lutkins himself. The hack driver was the one who did all the talking and the lawyer remained silent. If he were some wise he should have done his work by himself.

(The End of  Ready Guide on Seba English X (Prose, Poetry & Supplementary Reader)

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