Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

For 

Coming H. S. Final Exam 

 

 

 

By

Growhills Writers’ Board

 

 

 

 

 

Growhills Publishing

Barpeta, Assam

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar, For Coming H. S. Final  Examination by Growhills Writers’ Board,  Published by Growhills Publishing, Barpeta (Assam)

 

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Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

SYLLABUS

H.S. 2nd Year English Grammar & Composition

 

Sec- A: Reading Skills (Unseen Passage) Marks: 10

Sec -B: Advanced Writing Skills Marks: 25

Sec -C: Grammar   Marks: 20

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

………………………………..

READING SKILL

UNSEEN PASSAGE COMPREHENSION

(Marks – 10)

 

1. Read the following passage carefully: H.S. ’17

Today’s woman is a highly self-directed person, alive to a sense of her dignity and the importance of her functions in the private domestic domain and the public domain of the world of work. Women are rational in approach, careful in handling situation and want to do things as best as possible. The Fourth World Conference of Women held in Beijing in September 1995 had emphasised that no enduring solution of society’s most threatening social, economic and political problems could be found without participation and empowerment of women. The 1995 World Summit for Social Development had also emphasised the pivotal role of women in eradicating poverty and mending the social fabric.

The constitution of India had conferred on women rights and opportunities – political, social, educational and of employment – with men. Because of oppressive traditions, superstitions, exploitation and corruption, a majority of women are not allowed to enjoy the rights and opportunities, bestowed on them. One of the major reasons for this state of affairs is the lack of literacy and awareness among women. Education is the main instrument through which we can narrow down the prevailing inequality and accelerate the progress of economic and political change in the status of women.

The role of women in a society is very important. Women’s education is the key to a better life in the future. A recent World Bank study says that educating a girl is not charity, it is good economics and if developing nations are to eradicate poverty, they must educate the girls. The report says that the economic and social returns on investment in the education of the girls considerably affect the human development index of the nation, Society would progress only if the status of women is respected and the presence of an educated woman in the family would ensure the education of the family itself. Education and empowerment of women are closely related.

On the basis of your reading of the passage answer the following questions :

(a) Mention some of the qualities of today’s women? 2

(b) Where was the Fourth World Conference of women held and what did it emphasise? 2

(c) What factors prevent a majority of women from enjoying their rights and opportunities? 2

(d) What can education do for the cause of women? 2

(e) What is the observation of World Bank on girl education? 2

Ans: 

(a) Some qualities of today’s women are– they are rational in approach, careful in handling situation and want to do things as best as possible. Besides these qualities, they are highly self-directed, alive to the sense of their dignity and the importance of their functions in the private domestic domain and the public domain of the world of work. 

(b) The Fourth World Conference of Women held in Beijing in September 1995.  It had emphasised that no enduring solution of society’s most threatening social, economic and political problems could be found without participation and empowerment of women.

(c) The factors that prevent a majority of women from enjoying their rights and opportunities are oppressive traditions, superstitions, exploitation and corruption.  One of the major reasons for this state of affairs is the lack of literacy and awareness among women. 

(d) Education can narrow down the prevailing inequality and accelerate the progress of economic and political change in the status of women.

(e) A recent World Bank study says that educating a girl is not charity, it is good economics and if developing nations are to eradicate poverty, they must educate the girls. The report says more that, the economic and social returns on investment in the education of the girls considerably affect the human development index of the nation. Society would progress only if the status of women is respected and the presence of an educated woman in the family would ensure the education of the family itself. Education and empowerment of women are closely related.            

2. Read the following passage carefully: H. S. ’18

Among the natural resources which can be called upon in national plans for development, possibly the most important is human labour. Since the English language suffer from a certain weakness in its ability to describe groups composed of both male and female members, this is usually described as “manpower”.

Without a productive labour force, including effective leadership and intelligent middle management, no amount of foreign assistance or of natural wealth can ensure successful development and modernization.

The manpower for development during the next quarter-century will come from the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents. But we are not sure that they will be equal to the task. Will they have the health, the education, the skills, the socio-cultural attitudes essential for the responsibilities of development?

For far too many of them the answer is no. The reason is basic.  A child’s most critical years, with regard to physical, intellectual, social and emotional development, are those before he reaches five years of age. During those critical formative years, he is cared for almost exclusively by his mother, and in any part of the world, the mother may not have the capacity to raise a superior child. She is incapable of doing so by reason of her own poor health, her ignorance and her lack of status and recognition of social and legal rights, of economic parity, of independence. One essential factor has been overlooked or ignored. The forgotten factor is the role of women. The development will be handicapped without any voice in family or community, married when they are still practically children, and henceforth producing one baby after another, often to see half of them die before they are of school age.

We can enhance development by improving “women power”, by giving women the opportunity to develop themselves. Statistics show that the average family size increases in inverse ratio to the mother’s year of education – is lowest among college graduates, highest among those with only primary school training, or no education.

Malnutrition is most frequent in large families and increases in frequency with each additional sibling. The principal seems established that an educated mother has heathier and more intelligent children, and that related to the fact that she has fewer children. The tendency of educated, upper-class mothers to have fewer children operates even without access to contraceptive services. 

The educational leave of women is significant also because it has a direct influence upon their change of employment, and the number of employed women in a country’s total labour force has a direct bearing on both the Gross National Product and the disposable income, especially in the hands of women, influences food purchasing and therefore the nutritional status of the family. The fact that the additional income derived from the paid employment of women provides a logical incentive to restrict the size of the family.

On the basis of your reading of the passage answer the following questions :

A. Choose the most appropriate options: 1×4=4

(a) Among the natural resources which can be called upon in national plans for development –

(i) the most important is certainly human labour.

(ii) the most important is possibly human labour.

(iii) the least developed is certainly human labour.

(iv) the least developed is undoubtedly human labour.

(b) without a productive labour force, including effective leadership and intelligent middle management

(i) no productive work is possible.

(ii)  entrepreneurs will incur heavy loss.

(iii) economic development will not keep pace with national movements.

(iv) no amount of foreign assistance or of natural wealth can ensure successful development and modernisation. 

(c) The manpower development during the next quarter-century

(i) will be adversely affected by the threat of war.

(ii) will come from the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents.

(iii) will be taken care of by the current emphasis on free education for women.

(iv) will be adversely affected by the country’s economic losses and political instability.

(d) ‘Women Power’ means 

(i) giving women the opportunity to develop themselves.

(ii) giving women the opportunity to fight themselves.

(iii) giving women the opportunity to dominate others.

(iv) giving women the opportunity to befool others.

B.  Answer the following questions briefly:1×6=4

(a)  What will be the source of manpower development during the next quarter-century?

(b) During which period is the child growth maximum?

(c) Why can’t the first teacher be effective in some of tire regions of India?

(d) What will happen to development if the womenfolk is neglected?

(e) How can we accelerate the rate of progress?

(f) What is the difference between an educated mother and an illiterate mother?

Ans: 

A. (a) (ii) the most important is possibly human labour. 

(b) (iv) no amount of foreign assistance or of natural wealth can ensure successful development and modernisation. 

(c) (ii) will come from the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents.

(d) (i) giving women the opportunity to develop themselves.

B. (a) The manpower development during the next quarter-century will come from the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents.

(b) The child growth is maximum before he attains the age of five.

(c) The first teacher remains ineffective because of ignorance, poor health, lack of respect and recognition.

(d) If the womenfolk is neglected there will be no growth and everything will stagnate.

(e) The rate of progress may be accelerated by giving women the opportunity to develop themselves.

(f) The difference between an educated mother and an illiterate mother is that an educated mother does not beget children thoughtlessly but an illiterate mother considers children to be the blessings of God.  Education makes one wise and practical. 

3. Read the following passage carefully:  H. S. ’19

It is a disturbing fact that today many different kinds of wild animals throughout the world are in danger of extinction. The reasons for this are many and varied, but we must largely blame pollution, pesticides, the disturbance of the animal’s natural environment and man’s greed and thoughtlessness.

The industry has grown enormously, and it has become common practice for factories to dispose of waste matter in streams and rivers, causing great loss of river life. Modern agricultural methods include the use of pesticides which effectively control insects classified as pests, but which also destroy many that are not. An increase in population has meant more building and with it the destruction of much of the countryside that provides habitat for wild animals. To satisfy man’s selfish desires the polar bear in North America is under threat, hunted by sportsmen; in Borneo and Sumatra the orang-utan has become part of a smuggling racket; in South America. the chinchilla is almost extinct because its fur is in demand; whales are massacred worldwide for the oil and the food they yield. These are only a few of the species under threat.

But the problem is receiving world-wide recognition, and some action is being taken. To name a few examples — sewage pollution in the river Thames has been greatly reduced; a ban on trading in some furs has been agreed; and organizations like ‘Friends of the Earth’ do valuable work in this deserving cause.

On the basis of your reading of the passage answer the following questions:

(a) Cite the reasons as to why some species of wild animals are on the verge of extinction.  2

(b)What has brought about the destruction of much of the countryside ? 1

(c)Why are the polar bear and the whales under threat ? 2

(d)Which animal is hunted for its fur ? 1

(e) Mention the ways in which wildlife is currently helped. 2

(f) Give the adjective form of ‘habitat’. 1

(g) Find a word in the passage which means ‘slaughter’. 1

Ans:

(a) Pollution, pesticides, the disturbance of animals’ natural environment and man’s greed and thoughtlessness are the reasons as to why some species of wild animals are on the verge of extinction. 

(b) An increase in population has brought about the destruction of much of the countryside.

(c) Polar bears are hunted by sportsmen and whales ae massacred for the oil and food they yield. Thus they are under threat.

(d) The chinchilla is hunted for its fur. 

(e) Treatment of sewage pollution of the river Thames, a ban on trading in some furs and organizations like Friends of the Earth are some ways by which wildlife is currently helped.

(f) The adjective form of ‘habitat’ is habitable.

(g) The word in the passage which means ‘a great slaughter’ is ‘massacre’.

4. Read the following passage carefully: H. S. ’20

Then next time you take printouts unnecessarily or you throw a paper into the bin, think for a minute as to how many trees have been felled to manufacture something you use so often every day.

Can you take out some time from your everyday routine and devote it to starting a simple recycling programme at your school or your neighbourhood? Not only would you save our planet from the torture of felling greenery, but you would also reduce generating and dumping of waste into the environment.

Using recycled papers conserves natural resources. As our worldwide population grows, the strain on these resources becomes even greater. You can drastically reduce the number of trees cut down for manufacturing paper. In addition to saving landfill space, you cut down on your expenses of trash-disposal. There is a reduction in air pollution caused due to incineration. Making papers from discards instead of trees not only saves forests, but it also reduces energy use by up o three quarters and requires less than half as much water. Items that are made of papers and maybe recycled are called the loose paper, new examples are paper bags, magazines, newspapers and cardboard. egg-trays.

A paper-recycling programme gives a positive image to large corporations or business organizations. Parents can teach their children the importance of recycled paper by bringing about simple changes in their lifestyle.  Schools can also train students to make paper products like folders, penholders, material for the display board, lampshades, teaching/learning aids etc. Students can creatively make their own cards, files, folders, invitation cards and certificates for the school. Working on a paper recycling plant demonstrates the concept of recycling waste into ‘wealth’. The real success of such programmes is visible in the seemingly simple acts like students exchanging books in a new academic session, indirectly saving paper and thereby trees. This is amazing that only a single sheet is saved by each child, 40,000 tress could be saved per year by students only.

Learning the facts about recycling paper will help you as you fulfil your part to keep the environment green. If we keep our minds focused on the desire to be friendly to our earth and her resources, recycling will become important. After a while, we will be in the habit of recycling the paper that we use in the course of a given day. 

On the basis of your reading of the passage answer the following questions

(a) Why do you need to think before you take printouts unnecessarily? 2

(b) Name some of the products that can be obtained from recycled paper. 2

(c) How can parents and schools help in creating awareness about paper recycling? 2

(d) How can students help in saving trees indirectly? 2

(e) Give a synonym of ‘conserve’. 1

(f) Find a word in the passage which means ‘the destruction of something, especially waste material by burning’? 1

Ans:

(a) Before we take printouts unnecessarily or throw a paper into the bin, we should think for a minute as to how many trees have been felled to manufacture the things we use so often every day.    

(b) Some of the products that can be obtained from recycled paper are loose paper, paper bags, magazines, newspapers, cardboard, egg-trays etc. 

(c)Parents can teach their children the importance of recycled paper by bringing about simple changes in their lifestyle.  Schools can also train students to make paper products like folders, penholders, material for the display board, lampshades, teaching/ learning aids etc. Students can creatively make their own cards, files, folders, invitation cards and certificates for the school. Thus parents and schools can help in creating awareness about paper recycling.                                                      

(d) The students can help in saving trees indirectly by exchanging books in a new academic session. This is amazing that if only a single sheet is saved by each student, then  40,000 tress could be saved per year.           

(e)The synonym of ‘conserve’ is ‘preserve’.

(f) The word in the passage which means ‘the destruction of something, especially waste material by burning’ is ‘incineration’.

Q.5. Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions given below them. H. S. ’16

At 4.30 P. M., Abha brought in the last meal he was ever to eat; it consisted of goat’s milk, cooked and raw vegetables, oranges and concoction of ginger, sour lemons and stained butter with juice of aloe. Sitting on the floor of his room in the rear of Birla House in New Delhi, Gandhi ate and talked with Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Deputy Prime Minister of the new government of Independent India. Maniben, Patel’s daughter and secretary, was also present. The conversation was important. There had been rumours of differences between Patel and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, like so many others, had been dropped into the Mahatma’s lap.

Abha, along with Gandhi and the Patels, hesitated to interrupt. But she knew Gandhi’s attachment to punctuality. Finally, therefore, she picked up the Mahatma’s nickel-plated watch and showed it to him. ‘I must tear myself away’, Gandhi remarked, and so saying he rose, went to the adjoining bathroom and then started towards the prayer ground in the large park to the left of the house. Abha, the young wife of Kanu Gandhi, the grandson of Mahatma’s cousin, and Manu, the grand-daughter of another cousin, accompanied him; he leaned his forearms on their shoulders. ‘My walking stick’, he called them.

During the daily two minute promenade through the long, red-sandstone colonnade that led to the prayer ground, Gandhi relaxed and joked. Now, he mentioned the carrot juice Abha had given him that morning.

‘So you are serving me cattle fare’, he said, and laughed.

‘Ba used to call it horse fare’, Abha replied. Ba was Gandhi’s deceased wife.

‘Isn’t it grand of me, Gandhi bantered, to relish what no one else wants?’

‘Bapu (father)’, said Abha, your watch must be feeling neglected. You should not look at it today.’

‘Why should I, since you are my timekeeper?’ Gandhi retorted.

‘But you don’t look at the timekeepers’, Manu noted. Gandhi laughed again.

Questions:

(a) What did Gandhi eat in his last meal? 2

(b) Who were the persons present when Gandhi ate his last meal? 2

(c) What was the problem that had been dropped at Gandhi’s lap? 2

(d) Why did Abha show Gandhi the nickel-plated watch? 1

(e) Who were the timekeepers of Gandhi? 1

(f) What is the ‘cattle fare’ referred to? 1

Ans:

(a) In his last meal, Gandhi ate goat’s milk, cooked and raw vegetables, oranges and concoction of ginger, sour lemons and strained butter with juice of aloe.

(b) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Deputy Prime Minister of that time and his daughter Maniben were present at the time when Gandhi ate his last meal.

(c) The problem was the rumours of differences between Patel and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. The problems was dropped into Mahatma’s lap for settlement.

(d) That day Gandhi was some late to attend the congregation prayer and so Abha showed Gandhi the nickel-plated watch.

(e) Abha, the wife of Kanu Gandhi and Manu, the granddaughter of Gandhi’s cousin were the ‘timekeepers’ of Gandhi. 

(f) Here ‘cattle fare’ refers to ‘carrot juice’ served as an item of food by Abha to Gandhi.

Q.6. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow: H. S. ’15

So the ships were brought into the dock and the passengers began to go ashore. But Mr Escombe had sent word to the captain that as the whites were highly enraged against me and my life was in danger, my family and I should be advised to land at dusk when the Port Superintendent Mr Tatum would escort us home. The captain communicated the message to me and I agreed to act accordingly. But scarcely half an hour after this, Mr Laughton came to the captain. He said, ‘I should like to take Gandhi with me, should he have no objection. As the legal adviser of the agent Company, I tell you that you are not bound to carry out the message you have received from Mr Escombe.’ After this, he came to me and said somewhat to this effect: ‘If you are not afraid, I suggest that Mrs Gandhi and the children should drive to Mr Rustomji’s house, whilst you and I follow them on foot. I do not at all like the idea of your entering the city like a thief in the night. I do not think there is any fear of anyone hurting you. Everything is quiet now. The whites have all dispersed. But in any case, I am convinced that you ought not to enter the city stealthily.’ I readily agreed. My wife and children drove safely to Rustomji’s place. With the captain’s permission, I went ashore with Mr Laughton. Mr Rustomji’s house was about two miles from the dock.

Questions:

(a) Who is the speaker in this passage? 1

(b) What word Mr Escombe sent to the captain of the ship? 2

(c) Why did Mr Laughton come to the captain? 2

(d) What did Mr Laughton say to the speaker? 2

(e) The speaker readily agreed to Mr Laughton’s suggestion. What does it tell us about the speaker’s character? 2

(f) Find a word from the passage that means ‘moving secretly or moving like a thief’. 1

Ans:

(a) The speaker of this passage is M. K. Gandhi.

(b) Mr. Escombe had sent a word to the captain of the ship that Gandhi should be advised to land at dusk because the whites were highly enraged against Gandhi.

(c) Mr Laughton the adviser of the Agent Company came to the captain to tell him that he would like to take Gandhi with him if Gandhi had no objection. He also told Gandhi that he was not bound to carry out the message received from Mr Escombe.

(d) Mr Laughton said to Gandhi that if Gandhi was not afraid, then he should send his wife and children to Mr. Rustomji’s house and then Mr Laughton and Gandhi would follow them on foot.

(e) Mr Laughton suggested Gandhi to go to Mr Rustomji’s house without delay and said that Gandhi should not be bound to carry out the message received from Mr Escombe. Mr. Laughton did not like the idea of Gandhi’s entering the city like a thief. Gandhi readily agreed and it showed that he was a man of truthfulness and was afraid of none. 

(f) The word that means ‘moving secretly or moving like a thief’ is ‘stealthily’. 0 0 0

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

 ADVANCED WRITING  SKILL

(Poster Writing/Advertisement Writing/ Report Writing/ Letter to Editors ) (Marks – 25)

A. POSTER WRITING: 

(Marks – 5)

An Introduction

The poster is a combination of Notice, Advertisement and Invitation. Posters inform us about the happening of an event or something else and motivate us to get involved in that event. They enkindle people’s imagination and influence on their minds.

A Poster is generally bigger and bolder in size and space than Notice. So its display should be well-spread. Slogans, maxims, rhyming lines are used to boost their effectiveness and make them eye-catching.

There are some salient features of Poster Writing, such as-

1. Posters are generally written in bold type highlighting the main topic.

2. They are written in catchy words and phrases. Full-sentence is not generally used. 

3. Posters should be brief using fewest possible words.

4. A Poster should be as dignified as can be put up at a public place. It must catch the attention of passersby.

5. It should bear all the necessary details as- time, date, venue, duration etc. of the event.

6. Name of the contact person or sponsor of the event may be given.

7. It should not exceed the prescribed word limit.

8. Ornate work and striking design are two important features of a good Poster.

9. Use of imagination in designing a Poster makes it catchy and effective.

Some Specimens of Poster Writing have been given below:

1. Design a poster for the World Environment Day creating awareness among the people about the threat of environment degradation. (Maximum words 50)   H. S. ’17

Ans:

WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY, 2020

SAVE THE ENVIRONMENT FOR A BETTER AND SECURED FUTURE

SAVE THE WILD ANIMALS

STOP DEFORESTATION

PRESERVE THE WETLANDS

PLANT MORE TREES

PROTECT THE WATER SOURCES FROM POLLUTION. 

PROTECT ENVIRONMENT AND ACT LIKE A HUMAN

Let us pledge and work together to make our Earth greener, beautiful and safe for our better life.

 

2. Design an attractive poster for promoting cleanliness in your neighbourhood.  (Maximum words 50) H. S. ’16

Ans:

LET US KEEP OUR ENVIRONMENT CLEAN

 

DO NOT THROW GARBAGE ON THE ROAD

DON’T SPIT HERE AND THERE

USE DUSTBIN

KEEP THE DRAIN CLEAN

FOR

CLEANLINESS KEEPS  US HEALTHY AND LIVELY 

CLEANLINESS PROTECTS US FROM DISEASES

MAINTAIN CLEANLINESS AND ACT LIKE A WISE MAN.

CLEANLINESS IS NEXT TO GODLINESS 

3. Draft a Poster highlighting the need for Eyes Donation.

Ans:

DONATE YOUR EYES

LET A BLIND MAN SEE THE WORLD

It is a Precious Gift that You Can give in Life.

Please

DONATE YOUR EYES

TO

EYE BANKS

YOUR EYE CAN BRING:

A NEW LIFE

A NEW HOPE

A NEW MEANING

A NEW BEAUTY

BE ONE AMONG THE BRAVE DONORS.

 

4. Draft a Poster for Anti-smoking Campaign.

Ans:

DON’T SMOKE

SMOKING IS INJURIOUS TO HEALTH

SMOKING BRINGS CANCER

CANCER BRINGS SUFFERANCE

SUFFERANCE LEADS TO DEATH

SAY GOOD-BYE TO SMOKING

SAVE YOUR PRECIOUS LIFE.

5. Draft a poster highlighting the need for Blood Donation and Blood Banks.

Ans:

DONATE YOUR BLOOD

YOUR DROPS OF BLOOD CAN SAVE SOMEONE

YOUR DROPS OF BLOOD CAN GIVE  A  LONG LIFE

BLOOD DONATION ——THE GREATEST DONATION

IT CAN BRING:

A New Life

A New Hope

A New Meaning

Be One Among the Greatest Donors. 

6. Draft a poster for promoting Good Health through a Health Fare.

Ans:

HEALTH FARE

At

J. K. STADIUM

From

1st January 2020 to 7th January, 2020

Organized by

NABIN HEALTH CLUB

Free Entry

Special Features:

New Health Tools

Free Health Consultancy

Free Checkup for the Cancer Patients

Visit and Cooperate with us.

7. Design a poster in favour of your class-mate, Jonmini who is going to contest the election for the post of Secretary of the Students’ Union of your school /college.

Ans:

Vote for

JONMONI DAS

The most Deserving Candidate

As General Secretary of Students’ Union

She will truly fight for:

A Well Facilitated Library

A separate Girls’ Common room

More Cultural Programmes

Vote and Support Her and Win the Race. 

8. Prepare a poster in about 50 words urging people to use various methods of Rain Water Harvesting. H. S. ’19

Ans:

WATER IS LIFE OF LIFE

SAVE EVERY DROP

Beware that:

Water level is going down every day.

Scarcity of pure water is felt everywhere

Acute shortage of water is ahead

DON’T WASTE WATER

Take care:

Use Water Economically

Never Leave Taps Open

Recycle Water

Harvest Rain Water.

9. Design a poster to bring home to the people the importance of Conservation of Electricity.

Ans:

CONSERVE  ELECTRICITY  CONSERVE  POWER

AND

LEAD OUR NATION TO MORE PROSPERITY

Use:

Day Light

New Power Saving Application

Low Electricity Consuming Bulbs

Stop Whimsical Consuming

N. B. Saving power is equal to generate power.

10.   An attractive poster for a cultural show in our village/ town. H. S. ’15

Ans:                           

A CULTURAL EVENING

Organized by 

Growhills foundation, Kamalpur

to collect funds for Handicapped Children

on 17 January 2020

at 6 p.m. Kamalpur Open Stage

Chief Guest: Honourable Ex-MLA, Barpeta.  

Attractions:

    *One-Act Play competition

* Dance Programmers by B. B. Dance Group, Barpeta. 

Enjoy the show & help us for a noble cause

Entry Tickets: Available (collect from the Club Office)

Adults: 75

Students: 35

0 0 0

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

 

B.  ADVERTISEMENT WRITING 

An Introduction

Advertisement is a public notice or announcement especially drawing public attention favourably to some products or services through a popular medium like-newspaper, poster, broadcast, magazine, television, radio, cinema etc. Nowadays Advertisement is a very popular medium of drawing public attention to some business products or services.

There are two types of Advertisement as- Classified Advertisement and General or Display Advertisement.

General or Display Advertisement is made to attract the immediate attention of a large number of readers. An Advertisement is printed in bold letters covering comparatively more space. Such Advertisements are given by the manufacturers of goods to promote sales. Government and voluntary organizations also give such Advertisement in newspapers or magazines for public awakening or general information. This type of Advertisement specifies the name function, utility, availability and address where the products are available. 

On the other hand, Classified Advertisement is the public announcement informing some situation, vacant post or any other services. These types of Advertisements are only for information and they are written generally in brief sentences without any design or graphics. They are like notices. 

There are some Salient Features of advertisement, such as-

I. It is precise and to the point. 

ii. Language used is formal, simple and fanciful.

iii. Minimum words are used.

iv. It is comprehensive.

v. It is attractive.

Some specimens of both types of advertisements are given below. The students should practice them well.

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

(a) GENERAL OR DISPLAY ADVERTISEMENT

Q.1. Draft an advertisement to promote the Sales of Dewan Steel Tubes and Pipes.

Ans:

DEWAN

Stainless Steel Tubes and Pipes

Salient Features:

1st Standard

Rust Free

All Weather Tubes and Pipes

2 Years Warranty

Low Rate

Available all over India.

CAUTION: Beware of Imitation

DEWAN STEEL TUBES AND PIPES (Pvt. Ltd).

KOLKATA- 5

2. Prepare an advertisement on behalf of Arupa Electricals about their Inverters.

Ans:

ARUP   INVERTERS

(Battery Operated & I. C. Controlled 280 Watts to 1500Watts)

Salient Features:

Automatic

Latest Technology

Battery charging from 145 VAC

Auto Controlled Reset

No Noise Pollution

ARUP ELECTRONICS

PAN BAZAR, GHTY-1

PHONE- 9876906539

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

(b) CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENT

There are many categories of Classified Advertisement such as- Placement Services, Educational, Accommodation, To let, Property, Vehicles, Financial, Tours and Travels, Counseling, Matrimonial, Proposals etc.

Some Specimens are given below:

Q. 1. You are the Personal Manager of Hotel Taj International, Guwahati. You need two lady receptionists and five security guards for the hotel. Write an advertisement for the posts which is to be published in an English daily. H.S. ’15

Ans:

Situation Vacant

Wanted two lady receptionists age not exceed than 16 and five Security Guards age limit 25 for the hotel Taj International, Guwahati. The receptionists must know Assamese, English and Hindi.  A salary of 10.000 (ten thousand) rupees with bonus will be entertained from the joining day. The interested candidates are asked to send their application along with bio-data in Standard Form on or before 17th January 2019 to the following address: 

General Manager

Taj International

 Guwahati-11

Q.2. You are Arun Das / Arunima Das, a resident of 16, Gopinath Bordoloi Nagar, Tinsukia. You have lost a black handbag containing Valuable documents while travelling from Digboi to Tinsukia by bus.

Draft an advertisement in not more than 50 words, for publication in an English daily giving details for the bag, mentioning when you have lost it and giving your contact address requesting the finder to return it to you.  H.S. ’16

Ans:

Lost

I, Sri Arun Das has lost a black leather handbag on 16th February, 2019 containing some important documents as H.S.L.C. Certificate, Marksheet, Admit Card  while travelling from Digboi to Tinisukiya by bus.

The finder is highly requested to communicate to the following address:

Arun Das

16, Gopinath Bordoloi Nagar, 

Tinsukia

Contact No: 9101249321

Q.3.  You are the proprietor of Grassland Resort, Kaziranga. Write an advertisement to be published in an English newspaper offering an attractive discount to Holiday packages. (Word limit: 50 words). H.S. ’18

Ans:

Attractive Discount 

Grassland Resort, Kaziranga,  offers an attractive discount from 30% to 50 % of accommodation costs on account of New Years Week. Willing tourists may book in advance. This opportunity is open to 15th  December 2020.

Proprietor

A. D. Deori

Grassland Resort, Kaziranga.

Contact No: 9101249321

4. Anandaram Baruah Academy needs a Science Teacher. Draft a suitable advertisement in about 75 words.

Ans:

Anandaram Baruah Academy, Nalbari

We want a result-oriented Science Teacher with excellent academic background. Salary is approximately 25,000 besides other allowance. 

He must be an M. Sc. in Chemistry and he should have a minimum 5 years experience in any Govt. or Private institution.  

The candidate with B. Ed. would be given preference. 

Willing applicants should send their complete bio-data to the following address within 10 days of the advertisement.

R. P Shastri

Principal

A. B. Academy, Nalbari.

Q. 5. Suppose you are the Principal of M. K. College, Dhubri. You want a Female Dancer Teacher for your college. Draft an advertisement to be published in the Classified Column of a daily newspaper. 

Ans:

We have been looking for a qualified and experienced Lady Dance Teacher, expert in different modes of dance, especially in North-East Regional Dances. The salary is approximately 15,000.00 rupees per month with other allowance. The candidates with a pleasing and charming personality and a degree in dance need apply within 10 days of the advertisement. 

Apply to :

Principal,

M. K. College, 

Dhubri- 8

Q. 6.  Suppose you are Gautam, running a Call centre at Bongaigaon Town for which you require Team Leader. Draft an advertisement not more than 50 words for situation vacant column in a daily newspaper.

Ans:

We want a Team Leader for our Call centre in Bongaigaon. The willing candidates should be Graduate in any discipline with at least 3 years experience as Team Leader in any Call Centre. The applicant should be fluent in speaking Hindi, English and Assamese with excellent communicative skill. 

Apply To:

G. B. Enterprise

(Opposite to New Bank)

Bongaigaon- 7.

Q.7.  Write a classified advertisement for the ‘Lost and Found’ column of a local newspaper stating the loss of your cell phone while travelling in the local bus. You are Anwesha / Abhilash. H.S. ’19 

Ans:

Lost and Found

I, the undersigned, have lost my Oppo cell phone, (model M20, colour black), while travelling in a city bus running from Jalukbari to Chandmari on 25th February, 2020 between 10.00 am to 11.00 am.

If found by anyone, kindly contact me.

Abhilash 

Contact:96130457

The finder will be duly awaded.

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Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

 

(C)  NOTICE WRITING

(Marks – 5)

An Introduction

A Notice is a written (hand-written or printed)  announcement or information of some event that is about to happen. In the modern age it is an effective medium of communication. Generally, Notices are given in newspapers or magazines. Educational Notices are displayed on the Notice Boards in schools or colleges. 

There are some Salient Features of a Notice, as-

1. Notice is given on the letter pad of the institution or organization. Address of the issuing institution is also given. 

2. The date of issue is given at the top or at the bottom of the Notice. 

3. Notice is written in a very simple, formal and impressive language. 

4. The sentences are brief to the point. 

5. The signature of the issuing authority is written at the bottom on the left side.

Some specimens of Notice Writing are given below. The learners should practise them.

1. Suppose you are Mridula, the Cultural Secretary of your school. You have organized a Cultural Evening as a Thanks Giving Programme on the last day of your session. Write a notice giving information about this event in about 50 words.

Ans:

Students’ Union

B. K. High School, Naligaon, Barpeta

 

NOTICE

Date: 14th December 2013

 Thanks Giving Programme

The school is going to organize a grand Cultural Function on the 30th of December, 2011 as a Thanks Giving Programme. The students are requested to come to school at 7.30 A. M. on that day. They are asked to maintain discipline and decency. The Programmes are as below:

1. Welcome Song,

2. Poetry Recitation,

3. Thanks Giving Speech by the Secretary.

Mridula,

Cultural Secretary

B. K. High School

Naligaon, Barpeta.

2. Suppose you are the Magazine Secretary of your school or college. Your School Magazine is going to be published next month. Write a notice for your school Notice Board in about 50 words inviting contributions for the magazine.

Ans:

Students’ Union

MOTHER TERESA ACADEMY, BARPETA

 

NOTICE

21st October 2020

 

Contributions for School Magazine

The school Magazine Navajoyti is going to be published next month. The students are requested to contribute stories, songs, poems, humour, comics, criticisms, biographies, etc. by 5th November 2020.  The articles should be neatly written on one side of the foolscap paper. Only the selected items will be published. Rejected articles will not be returned. 

Nabin Chandra

Magazine Secretary,

Mother Teresa Academy,

Barpeta.

3. You are the Secretary of the Students’ Union of your school. Write a Notice for the Notice Board of your school about an excursion.

Ans:

STUDENTS’ UNION

RAMDAS HIGH SCHOOL, BHARALU

 

NOTICE

Date: 7th November

Excursion to Sibsagar

The Headmaster of our school is pleased to allow the students of the school to go on an excursion to Sibasagar. The English Teacher Nava Kumar will accompany us as our guide.  The willing students are asked to give their names along with a deposit of rupees 500.00 each to the undersigned by 11th November, 2012. The amounts include refreshment with the bus fare.

Adil Shah

Secretary,

Students’ Union,

Ramdas High School.

 

4. You are Alakesh Bhatiya, secretary of Jnanodhaya Jatiya Vidyalaya, Kamalpur. Write a notice for the school notice Board inviting the students to attend a lecture delivered by a scientist.

Ans:

STUDENTS’ UNION

JNANODHAYA JATIYA VIDHALAYA, KAMALPUR

SCIENCE FORUM

NOTICE

Date: 15th July, 2020

Invitation to Attend  a Lecture to be delivered by a Scientist 

All the students of the school, herby invited to attend a lecture to be delivered by the eminent scientist honourable Shri Shiva Shankar of Calcutta University in our school Auditorium at 1 p. m. on 17th July 2012. He will deliver lecture especially on the possibility of rescuing earth from air pollution by means of using recently invented molecule.

Alakesh Bhatiya,

Secretary, Science Forum,

J. J. Vidhalaya, Kamalpur.

5. Q. You are Binod / Seema, the Cultural General Secretary of St. Anthony’s College, Guwahati. Draft a notice, in not more than 50 words, for the notice board informing the students about the Inter-College Song and Dance Competition that your institution is going to organise.  H.S. ’17

Ans:

 ST.  ANTHONY’S COLLEGE, GUWAHATI

NOTICE

Inter-college Song and Dance Competition

This is for general information to all the students of the college that an Inter-college Song and Dance Competition is going to be organised from 23rd December to 27th December 2020 at the college premises. Interested students are asked to submit their names and classes to the undersigned.

Binood

Cultural Secretary,

St. Anthony College, Guwahati

Q.6.  You are Anil/ Amrita, the Cultural Secretary of Tezpur Govt. Higher Secondary School. You are planning to organise a cultural programmes. Write a notice for the school notice-board inviting names of students willing to participate. (Word limit: 50 words)   H.S. ’16

Ans:

Tezpur Govt.  Higher Secondary School

Notice

This is for general information to all the students of the college that we are going to organise a cultural programme at the college premises from 21st March to 25th March 2020. The willing students are asked to submit their names and classes to the undersigned.

Reshmi

Cultural Secretary,

Tezpur Govt. Higher Secondary School

7.  You are Gautam/ Geeta, General Secretary of Radhakrishnan College, Guwahati. Your college is organizing an educational trip to Delhi during the summer vacations. Write a notice for the college notice board giving all the details of the trip. (Word  limit: 50)  H.S. ’20

Ans: 

RADHAKRISHNAN  COLLEGE, GUWAHATI

NOTICE

Educational Trip to Delhi

This is for general information to all the students of the college that our college is going to organizing an educational trip to Delhi during the coming summer vacation. The willing students are asked to submit their names along with  Rs. 4000/- (four thousand) each to the undersigned.

Geeta

General  Secretary,

Radhakrishnan College, Guwahati 

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Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

 

(C)  REPORT WRITING

Introduction

Report Writing is an important genre of Composition. It refers to the task of making a formal or official statement about a fact or news in order to inform it to all in general. It is said to be the work of the Journalists. Of late, Report Writing, as a branch of Composition has been prescribed to school/ college syllabi. In Report Writing the students are taught to write a report (special information) on some specific events or facts like festivals, games and sports, accident, meeting etc. In the examination, some outlines are given to the students as hints and the students are asked to prepare a report basing on the given hints.

There are some specific rules for writing a good report, as-

1. The report must be given a Title (Heading) which should bear the gist of the fact or events. 

2. It should bear the name of the place where the report is issued. 

3. The Date on which the report is issued must be mentioned. 

4. In the report, to be published in any newspaper, an Introduction is not necessary. The fact should be produced realistically and directly.

5. The report should be limited to the given outlines.

6. The report should be developed logically in accordance with the order of points in the outlines.

7. All the hints given in the outlines should be covered and no points should be omitted. 

8. The language of a report should be simple, direct and comprehensive.  Any kind of prolixity and ambiguity should be avoided. 

9. In the case of writing a long report, the paragraphs should be logically arranged so that they produce a cohesive meaning.

10. The report should be informative. The information should be based on reliable data.

Some Specimens of Report Writing have been given below. The students should practice them.

1. Your district Administration has celebrated Silpi Diwas at the District Library auditorium recently. Prepare a report on it in 100-125 words to be published in ‘The Assam Tribune’. H.S. ’19

Ans: 

Silpi Diwas Celebrated at the District Library, Barpeta

(Barpeta, January,18): Yesterday, the ‘Silpi Diwas’ was celebrated at the District Library, Barpeta by the Students of the town. The honourable Education Minister of Assam was invited as the chief guest. The celebration of the day started with the singing of the State Anthem. The Silpi Diwas (Artists’ Day) is celebrated on the birth anniversary (17th January) of Joytiprasad Agrawala who was a great artist, poet, playwright, film-maker and popular lyricist of Assam. The chief guest arrived on time and he gave a brief but very inspiring speech on the occasion. He also recollected the enormous contributions of late Joytiprasad Agarwala. He said that Joytiprasad is deeply revered for his creative vision and outputs. Some local poets as Rabbi Masrur, Rabin Kalita, Deepika Devi and some singers as Nabanita, Madhabi lata, Ram Sharma etc. were also present to grace the day.

The programme come to an end with a cultural programme by the youths of the town. (Local Correspondent, The Assam Tribune)

 

2. Your school/ college has recently celebrated ‘Cleanliness Week’ organising a number of programme and competitions. Write a report in about 125 words to be published in a local newspaper. H.S. ’15

Ans: 

‘Cleanliness Week’ Celebrated in B. H. College

Barpeta Road, January 8:A Cleanliness Week is celebrated during the first week of the New Year, 2019 in B. H. College. On the 7th day (yesterday) a cultural programme was organized by the Students’ Union of the College. The programme was inaugurated with the hoisting of the College Flag by the Principal Mr Shrestha. In this function some Cultural Programmes as- quiz, debate, song and one-act play competitions etc. were held. With the students, the neighbouring village people enjoyed the function. Some distinguished persons were also present there.  The honourable D. C. of Barpeta District and a local Ex M. P. attended the function.  They delivered valuable lectures on the significance of the week.  The Principal gave a very praiseworthy lecture on the necessity of maintaining cleanliness in every walk of life. The function was presided over ably by the Principal. With much joy and enjoyment, the meeting came to an end at about 4 P. M. (Local Correspondent, The Sentinel).

3. You are an eyewitness to a road accident in which a school-going boy was killed and many passengers were injured. As a press reporter of an English Daily, write a report about the accident in 100-125 words. You are Nitu / Saurav. H.S. ’16

Ans: 

A  Serious Road Accident at Tinsukia

(Tinsukia, Feb. 2): A serious road accident happened at Tinisukia yesterday at about 8 a.m. A passenger-bus coming from Guwahati suddenly collided with a truck coming from the opposite direction.  The bus fell down the nearby pond running over a school-going boy. There were about fifty passengers. Many passengers have got seriously injured. The police came instantly and sent the injured persons to the Civil Hospital, Tinsukia. The dead school-boy was identified as Monami Das, a student of  H. L. High School, Class X. People reported that the driver was heavily drunk. (Local Correspondent-The Assam Tribune).

4. You recently visited some flood-affected areas of Dhemaji District. As a press reporter of an English Daily, write a report on the flood situation in 100-125 words. You are Amar/ Nitu.  H.S. ’17 

Devastating Flood in Dhemaji

Dhemaji, July 4: The entire upper Assam along with Dhemaji is pathetically affected by the recent great flood. Dhemaji Town is under flood for several days. About 4,00000 people are affected by the flood. Some hundred people have lost their all the belongings. Already 4 people have been drifted away by the flood. Some thousands of people have taken shelter on the National High Way. The Government seems to be indifferent to handle the situation. Some Non-Governmental Organization have come forward to rescue and assist the flood-affected people. Among the N.G.Os the Growhills Foundation has undertaken an adventurous mission to rescue the victims of the flood. The flood victims have been grieving at not having any sign of Government initiatives to tackle the situation. (Local Correspondent, The Telegraph)

5. Your school has recently celebrated “Tree Plantation Week organizing a number of inter-school competitions highlighting the ecological balance. As the Secretary of the Eco Club of your school, prepare a report in. 100-125 words, suitable to be published in your school magazine. You are Nilim/Nilima. H.S. ’19

Ans: 

‘Tree Plantation Week’ Celebrated at Growhills Academy 

Growhills Academy, Kamalpur, has celebrated the Tree Plantation Week from 11th Mach to 17th March 2020. It was inaugurated by the Director of Education, Mr H. Sharma. The principal, teachers and the students participated in this campaign actively. The main objectives of this campaign was to make our village green, pollution-free and clean. The Local Ex-M. L. A. hundred saplings of various trees in our school premises and on the edge of the village roads. Then we distributed some saplings to the children to habituate them to the plantation. On the last day of the week some competitions we held as:  poster making competition, painting competition, poetry recitation competition, drawing competition, extempore speech competition etc. The main theme of these competitions was to highlight the need for ecological balance for our secure and happy life. 

On a concluding day, the principal Mr Devbrata Das distributed prizes to the winners in various competitions. In the presidential speech, he delivered a valuable lecture on the significance of tree plantation for the benefits of human being. 

Nilima

Secretary, Eco Club.

Growhills Academy

6. Your District  Administration has celebrated Silpi Divas at the District Library auditorium recently. Prepare a report on it in 100-125 words to be published in “The Assam Tribune”.  H.S. ’19

Ans: 

Silpi Diwas Celebrated at the District Library, Barpeta

(Barpeta, January,18): Yesterday, the ‘Silpi Diwas’ was celebrated at the District Library, Barpeta by the Students of the town. The honourable Education Minister of Assam was invited as the chief guest. The celebration of the day started with the singing of the State Anthem. The Silpi Diwas (Artists’ Day) is celebrated on the birth anniversary (17th January) of Joytiprasad Agrawala who was a great artist, poet, playwright, film-maker and popular lyricist of Assam. The chief guest arrived on time and he gave a brief but very inspiring speech on the occasion. He also recollected the enormous contributions of late Joytiprasad Agarwala. He said that Joytiprasad is deeply revered for his creative vision and outputs. Some local poets as Rabbi Masrur, Rabin Kalita, Deepika Devi and some singers as Nabanita, Madhabi lata, Ram Sharma etc. were also present to grace the day.

The programme come to an end with a cultural programme by the youths of the town. (Local Correspondent, The Assam Tribune)

7. The students of the local college have organized a campaign on ‘Say no to Plastic’ in your town. Prepare a report in 100-125 words to be published in an English daily.  H.S. ’20

Ans:

A Campaign on ‘Say no to Plastic’ at Wellwel College, Devipur

(24th April, Devipur): Yesterday a campaign on ‘Say no to Plastic’ was organized by the students’ Union of Wellwel College, Devipur. The campaign was begun at 1 p.m. at the college premises. All the students and some teachers were present. The motto of the campaign was ‘Say no to Plastic’. On the occasion of the campaign quiz and extempore speech competition were held.  Some project works on the fatal impact of plastic made things were exhibited. The local people enjoyed the campaign very eagerly. Some banners were hung on the neighbouring roadside walls for public awareness against the use of plastic made materials. At about 2.30 p.m the main attraction of the campaign began. Some resource persons, educationalists and social activists were invited. Among them, the local ADC was also present. The invitees delivered valuable lectures on the causes of degradation of the environment. The honourable ADC gave a brief but praiseworthy lecture on the adverse effects of the use of things made of plastic on our environment. The campaign came to an end at 6 p.m with a grand success. (Local Correspondent)

8. You attended the Edufair, 2019, organized by Assam Tribune Pvt. Ltd. in which some top colleges and universities of India participated and gave information about graduate programmes. Write a detailed account of the fair in 100-125 words. You are Parveen / Provin.

Edufair at  Chandmari Engineering College

(Chandmari, Feb. 2): A grand Edufair was organized at  Chandmari Engineering College Field yesterday by The Assam Tribune Pvt. Ltd. The fair began at 7 a.m. The honourable Education minister inaugurated the Fair. All the students of Guwahati Commerce College and Chandmari Engineering College were present. A Quiz competition was also held where a team of Guwahati Commerce College stood first.  Many educationists and dignitaries including Professor P. Mishra of Guwahati University; P. K. Chopra of Assam University, Silchar;  Professor J. Kahlan of N. J. University, Delhi; K.H. Kalita, Professor of Cotton College; Professor U. Vadra of Panjab College, R.B. Rekib a famous Sociologist and some others from neighbouring colleges were present. 

They all delivered valuable lectures on the Various Graduate programmes, present education system and the necessity of Techincal education. The sociologist R. B. Rekib delivered a very praiseworthy lecture on the Book Reading Movement in Europe. The Fair was a grand success. It came to an end at 10 P.M. (Local Correspondent-The Assam Tribune).

9. Write a report on A serious Road Accident on the basis of the information given below:

Hints:

(i) Date, time and place.

(ii) Collision between a Maruti Van and a Rickshaw.

(iii) One Rickshaw passenger died and another injured.

(iv) Hue and cry in the place of the accident.

(v) Police came and the injured person was hospitalized.

(vi) The Maruti Driver was arrested.

Ans:

A  Serious Road Accident at Nalbari

(Nalbari, Feb. 2, 2015): A serious road accident happened at Nalbari yesterday at about 7 P. M.  A Maruti Van coming from Guwahati suddenly collided with a rickshaw coming from the opposite direction.  Of the two passengers, one an old man about 70, died instantly. Another young boy was thrown away. He sustained grievous injury on the legs and arms. People gathered. There arose a hue and cry. Police came instantly and sent the injured person to the Civil Hospital, Nalbari. The dead was identified as the Village Head of Kathalmukhi, a village near Nalbari. The driver of the Maruti Van was arrested. People reported that the driver was heavily drunk. (Local Correspondent-The Assam Tribune).

10. Prepare a report on A Football Match between Two School or College Teams with the hints given below:

Hints:

(I) Date, time and venue

(ii) Two contesting teams

(iii) Exciting game played according to rules

(iv) The referee conducted the game ably

(v) Result of the match

Ans:

An Exciting Football Match at B. H. College Playground

(Barpeta Road, March, 20): A cordial Football Match was held between B. H. College and M. C. College Teams yesterday in the playground of B. H. College. The M. C. College Team arrived at 1 P. M. The B. H. College Team won the toss and the match began at 2 P. M. There were about two thousand spectators and they enjoyed the match with much excitement. At the half time, the M. C. College team scored two goals. The referee conducted the match ably. After the half time, the B. H. College Team scored a goal. They showed their good skill, but could not score more goals as the opposite team seemed to be more arduous. The match ended in 2:1 goals. The victorious M. C. College Team left the field with friendly hand-shaking with the B. H. College Team. The match came to an end at 4 P. M. The spectators left the playground with exciting amusement. (Local Correspondent, The North-east India). 

11. Write out a report on a Cultural Function held in your school/ college with the hints given below:

Hints:

(I) Date and time of the function

(ii) Principal presided

(iii) Invited guests

Iv) Programmes: song, poetry recitation, dance, extempore speech etc.

(v) president’s speech

(vi) closing of the function

Ans:

Cultural Function Held in H. K. College, Bongaigaon

(Bongaigaon, 25th September): A Cultural Function was held in H. K. College, Bongaigaon yesterday. The meeting began at 12.30 P. M. The Principal of the College, Mr Sheshadri presided over the meeting. The meeting opened with a chorus sung by a group of college students. Some distinguished persons were present as guests. The honourable M. P. of Barpeta was invited as the chief guest.  The students sang several songs as-Jikir-jari, Bargeet, Bhajans, Rava Sangeet, Joyti Sangeet etc. Some students recited poetry. After this, a Dance Competition was held which gave much entertainment to the spectators. An Extempore Speech Competition followed the recitation. 

The chief guest delivered a valuable lecture on the need for technical education in modern society.  After this,  the president gave away the prizes to the students who won the competitions. Then the president gave a brief lecture and about 7 P. M., the function came to an end (Local Correspondent, The Sentinel).

12. Prepare a report on A Quiz Competition held in your school/ college on the basis of the following hints.

Hints:

(i) Date and time

(ii) Participant schools/ colleges

(iii) Principal presided

(iv) Quiz Master conducted ably

(v) Audience highly appreciated

(vi) Distribution of prizes by the president

(vii) Closing of the meeting

Ans:

Quiz Competition in K. H. College

(Dhubri, 21st February): An Inter-school Quiz Competition was held yesterday in K. H. College. About a dozen teams came from local high schools and participated in it.  In each team, there were three students. The competition was arranged by the students’ Union of K. H. College. The participants were formally welcomed by the General Secretary of the school. The function was presided over by the principal. The English Teacher honourable A. Kalita conducted the competition. Each team was given ten direct questions to be answered. The result was declared on the basis of the points scored by each team.

The team of Ansar of Class X won the first prize. The audience highly appreciated the competition.  The function came to an end at 5 P. M. with inspiring brief concluding speech of the president. (Local Correspondent, The Assam Tribune).

13. Prepare a report on The Flood Relief Work done by the students of your school/ college with the hints given below:

Hints:

(i) Date and time of the work

(ii) How the place was reached

(iii) Number of students taking parts

(iv) Distributed relief goods

(v) Conclusion

Ans:

Flood Relief Work Done By the Students of J. K. College

(Barpeta, July 2. 2015): A Flood Relief Camp was organized by the students of J. K. College yesterday at K. P. L. P. School, Kamalpur. The distance from Barpeta town to Kamalpur is about 7 k. m. A group of 15 students of the college reached the place by a hired boat. The students and two teachers took part in the relief operation. All the students, teachers and local people donated to the fund.

About 20,000 people were affected by the flood. The relief materials were distributed to about 500 people who took shelter on the road. Different food items and clothes were distributed. The principal of the college donated 100 packs of dry milk to the babies.  Necessary medicine was also provided with the affected people. Thus the students and the teachers of J. K. College helped the flood-affected people.

14. Prepare a report on A Debate Competition held in your school/ college with the help of the hints given below:

Hints:

(i) Date and time

(ii) Selection of the speaker

(ii) The motion of the debate

(iv) Participants

(v) Appreciated highly by audience

Ans:

Debate Competition Held at Dongra H. S. School.

Barpeta, 2nd April: A Debate Competition was held in the auditorium of Dongra H. S. School yesterday. It began at 2 p. m. The principal of Dongra H. S. School, Mr. H. Hussain was selected the speaker. The motion of the debate was: Man is born well, but society corrupts him. There were ten participants for the motion and eleven against it. Each participant was given five minutes. There was about one thousand audiences. They highly appreciated the competition. It was a very lively debate. Mr. Alaka Nath, a student of class X got the first prize. At about 4 p. m. the debate competition came to an end. (Pratidin, Local Correspondent)

15. Write a report on a Bank Robbery with the help of the hints given below:

Hints:

(i) Date and place

(ii) Amount of loss approximately 10 lakhs

(iii) Action taken by the authority

Ans:

Daring Bank Robbery at S. B. I. Bongaigaon

(Bongaigaon, 23rd Sep): A daring robbery took place in S. B. I. Bongaigaon Branch yesterday at 1 p. m. According to the eyewitnesses, a gang of  5 robbers holding guns and other deadly weapons entered the bank. First, they attacked the two guards and then entered the Cash Counter. They threatened everyone to kill if they make any hue and cry. Then two of the robbers snatched the key of the locker and looted about an amount of 10 lakhs. Within ten minutes they looted and drove away in a Maruti car.

After the operation, the local public came but could do nothing. However, the Police Superintendent assured that they would do their best to catch the miscreants.  No one has been reported to be injured. (Local Correspondent, Pratidin).

16. Prepare a report on the Celebration of Teachers’ Day at your school/ college with the help of the hints given below:

Hints:

(i) Date and time

(ii) Organized by the Students’ Union

(iii) Presided over by the Principal

(iv) Speakers spoke on the significance of the day

(v) Students felicitate the teachers

(vi) Closing of the function

Ans:

Teachers’ Day Celebration at A. K. College

Guwahati, 6th September: The Teachers’ Day was celebrated at A. K. College, Guwahati yesterday. The function was organized by the Students’ Union of the college. It commenced at 10 a. m. The Principal of the college Mr. Shrestha presided over the function. The purpose of the meeting was explained by the General Secretary of the Students’ Union of the college. Some of the teachers of the college spoke on the significance of the day. The Teachers’ day is celebrated in honour of Dr. Radhakrishanan. The speaker spoke on the various aspects of the life of Dr. Radhakrishanan. Some of the students also spoke on the noble occasion. 

At last, the students felicitated the teachers with garlands and gamusas. In the closing speech, the president asked the teachers and the students to be inspired by the great ideals of Dr. Radhakrishanan. The function came to an end at 2 p. m. (Local Correspondent, Agradoot).

17. Write a report on the Celebration of the Independence Day at your school/ college with the hints given below:

Hints:

(i) Date and time

(ii) Function organized by the students

(iii) Lectures delivered by the guests

(iv) Presided over by the Principal.

(v) Closing of the function

Ans:

Celebration of Independence Day at B. A. College

Barpeta, 16th August: Yesterday, on 15th August, the Independence Day was celebrated with grandeur at B. A. College. At 7 o’clock in the morning, all the students and the teachers gathered in the College Campus. The Principal hoisted the College Flag and sang the National Anthem with honour. On account of the celebration, a cultural function was held by college students. In this function some Cultural Programmes as- quiz, debate, song and one-act plays were held. With the students, the neighbouring village people enjoyed the function. Some distinguished persons were also present there.  The honourable A. D. C. and an Ex M. L. A. attended the function. They delivered valuable lectures on the significance of the day.  The Principal gave a very praiseworthy lecture commemorating the freedom fighters. The function was presided over ably by the Principal. With much Joy and enjoyment, the meeting came to an end at about 4 P. M. (Local Correspondent, The Sentinel).

18. Prepare a report on The Problem of Scarcity of Drinking Water in your village on the basis of the following hints:

Hints:

(i) Increase of population

(ii) Condition of the resources of water

(iii) Result

Ans:

Scarcity of Drinking Water in Baraipur

Baraipur, 24th September:  A drought-like situation has affected in and around Baraipur. About 10,000 families have been affected to the worse. All the tanks and wells of the region have gone dry. There is no tubewell in the nearby village. There is only one river flowing through the locality, but its water is highly polluted. Increase in population has worsened the condition. Along with the people, domestic animals also have been suffering from the acute shortage of water. A local N. G. O. has come forward for the remedy of the problem, but their endeavour to dig and plant tube-well have proved futile as the water level has gone down. Till this report, no government measure has been envisaged to be taken. (Local Correspondent, The Assam Tribune)

19. You have witnessed a train accident in which a Delhi bound Guwahati Expressed got derailed. Write a report in 100-125 words to be published in The Sentinel, Guwahati. You are Jayanta/ Juri. H.S. ’18

Ans:

A deadly train accident took place near Dinapur at around 7 am. yesterday. It was a collision of two trains- one Delhi bound Guwahati Express and the other was Lower Assam Express. While the Delhi bound Guwahati Express was in its full speed then the Lower Assam Express was coming from the opposite direction. As a result of the collision, two-compartment of the Delhi bound Guwahati Express was derailed. More than twenty passengers died instantly. A hue and cry arose. Local people came instantly. They rescued the injured passengers to the Dinapur Civil Hospitals. Police also came to the spot and they helped the public in rescuing the victims. Initial reports say that the main cause of the collision was the wrong direction of the train transport management authority. The Railway Minister has announced an amount of three lakhs as compensation to each family of the dead and fifty thousand to each of the injured.

The Minister also assured that immediate action would be taken against the officials for whom this deadly accident came to happen.  (Report by Juri, The Sentinel)

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

(d) JOB APPLICATION/LETTER TO EDITORS

1. Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper on reckless driving. You are Roshan / Divya living in Duilajan. H.S. ’15, ’17

Ans:  

To,

The Editor,

The North -East India

Shillong-5

Date: 02-03-2019

Sir,

Through your esteemed daily paper, I would like to draw the conscious attention of the government as well as the public in general that road accident in Assam have become quite frequent events these days. Various accidents are reported every day from different parts of the state. In a report led by P. K. Non-Governmental Organization that most accidents have taken place because of reckless driving. Yesterday in a horrible accident, at Duliajan, three passengers of a minibus died instantly, and more than five have got injured pathetically. In the accident, the minibus got collided with a truck running from the opposite direction. The eye witness reported that the accident happened because of the reckless driving of the bus. In rural areas, frequent bike accident is a daily event. Especially it is seen that the young boys drive their bikes in such a speed as if they are the pilots of jet planes. Resultantly, accidents happen more than usual.

Through this daily paper, I draw the immediate attention of the government to regulate a law controlling reckless driving.

Yours Faithfully

Roshan

Duliajan

2. Write a letter to Editor of The Assam Tribune, Guwahati- 781003 drawing the attention of the authorities concerned to the erratic power supply, particularly during study hours, in your locality.  You are Rita / Augustine. H.S. ’16

Ans:

To, 

The Editor                                         

Assam Tribe

Guwahati – 3

Date: 11-3-2016

Sir,

Through your esteemed daily, I would like to draw the attention of the concerned officials that the power supply of the Electricity Department to our vast Area is highly objectionable. Almost all the hours at day time, the power supply is kept off. Even at night especially from 7. p.m. to 10 p.m. we, the public of the vast Bedhipur are deprived of power supply. Along with the general public, the students are the worst sufferers. The students have to sit idle while they should busy in the study. Days after days, months after months the students have been being deprived of power supply during their studying hours. The effect of this erratic power supply is far-fetched. 

We, the public of the Bedhipur have approached the concerned authorities several times. But our every attempt of drawing their attention has proved futile. 

Through this daily, I draw the immediate attention of the government to regularize the power supply to our locality especially for the welfare of the student community.

Yours Faithfully

Rita Chandan

3. You are Firoz / Meena. You have seen an advertisement for the post of Sales Executive in a multi-national company. Write a formal application for the post in response to the advertisement. H.S. ’15

or

You are Rita/ Gourav. You have seen an advertisement for the post of a sales Executive in a reputed company. Write an application to the Regional Director of the Company in response to the advertisement applying for the post. H.S. ’17, ’19

Ans: 

To,

The Manager/ Regional Director

Rabbi International

Chennai-3

Date: 27/5/2015 

Sub: Application for the post of a Sales Executive 

Sir,

With reference to the advertisement published in the Hindustan Times dated 24th May 2015, I offer myself as a candidate for the post of a Sales Executive.

I am a smart young boy of active habits. I can speak fluently in English, Bengali, Hindi, Assamese and Malayalam. If I am selected for the post, I shall do my best to your satisfaction.

The relevant particulars about my qualifications, experience etc. are as follows:

Name: Firoz.

Age: 25

Qualifications: 

M.A. from Guwahati University.

M. B. A. from J. N. University, New Delhi

Other qualifications:

Computer Specialist both in Software and Hard Wares. 

Extra-Curricular Activities:

Hope that you would be kind enough to consider and grant my application and thus oblige.

Yours faithfully,

Firoz

Enclosures: Copies of educational certificates and two passport size photos.

4. You are Imran / Rongmili. You have seen an advertisement for the post of an English Teacher in Lakhimpur Public School, Lakhimpur. Write a formal letter to the President of the Managing Committee of the school in response to the advertisement applying for the post. Give your detailed bio-data. H.S. ’16

Ans: 

To, 

President, Managing Committee

Lakhimpur Public School, Lakhimpur

 Date: 4th of Sep 2020

 

Sub: Application for the post of an English Teacher.

Sir, 

With reference to the subject mentioned above, I beg to state that I have come to know from your advertisement published in ‘The Assam Tribune’ that the post of an English Teacher is lying vacant in your esteemed school. I, myself offer my candidature for the said post. 

I am an educated youth coming of the locality. I have passed M. A. with English major in 2014 from Guwahati University. For the last three years, I have been teaching in a local private H.S. School and thus have gathered practical teaching experience. Besides this, I have diplomas in computer education and in journalism. After all, I have all the necessary qualifications demanded by you.

I am accustomed to hard-working and bear sound health. Therefore, I request you to be kind enough and invite me to the interview and thus oblige.         

Yours faithfully,

Imran Ahmed

Note: All the necessary documents are enclosed herewith.

5. You are Sourabh/ Rimpi of North Lakhimpur. You have seen an advertisement for the post of Assistant Teacher in Mathematics to teach classes IX and X in Gohpur High School. Write a letter to the President of the managing committee of the school, applying for the job. Give your detail bio-data as well. H.S.’18

Ans:

To,

The President, Gohpur High School

Tezpur. Assam                                                                                              Date: 11-09-2020

Sub: Application for the post of a Mathematics Teacher.

Sir,

With special reference to the advertisement published in ‘The Assam Tribune’, I would like to offer myself as a candidate for the post of a Mathematics Teacher in your school. I have all the relevant qualifications required for the post. In addition to all the qualifications, I have a teaching experience of five years in a city school.

Hope that you would consider my application and call me to the interview.

All the necessary documents with bio-data in support of my candidature have been furnished here with the application. 

Thanking you.

Yours Faithfully

Rimpi

Bio-data

Name: Rimpi

Father’s Name: Dilip 

North Lakhimpur (Assam)

Contact No: 9613083457

Educational Qualifications: M.Sc. (Mathematics). 

Experience: Five years Experience of working as a Science Teacher in Rampur High School, Nalbari.

Language known: Assamese, Hindi and English

6. You are Gaurav/ Garima, a resident of Guwahati. Write a letter to the editor of a local daily expressing your views against the insensitive use of loudspeaker during the festival. H. S. ’20

Ans:

To, 

The Editor, 

The Assam Tribune

Guwahati, Chandamari.

Date: 23rd March 2020

Sir,

Through the column of your esteemed daily, I wish to draw the attention of the authorities concerned about the nuisance of the loudspeaker in Kayakuchi Area.

Since the last month, the vast Kayakuchi area has been being kept busy wildly by loudspeakers. Some businessmen in collaboration with some reckless youths of the locality have been holding fairs and theatres in the open pastures near the K. A. College.

We have already informed the police of that; they visited the spot and met the authorities and asked them to run the programmes after 9 p.m. at night without using the loudspeaker. But the sponsors of the programmes made a deaf ear to the command of the police and have been producing much sound pollution day and night even more vehemently. Already the H. S. L. C. and H. S. Examination is near at hand. The nuisance of the loudspeakers has deteriorated the educational environment of the locality beyond description. 

In the interest of the peaceful inhabitants and the students, I highly request and draw the attention of the district administration through this esteemed daily to take necessary action against the use of loudspeakers in the vast area of Kayakuchi.

Yours faithfully

Gaurav

7. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper describing the bad condition of your locality.

Ans:

Kamalpur Barpeta,

Date: May 7, 2020

To, 

The Editor, 

The Assam Tribune

Guwahati- 1

Sir,

Through your esteemed daily, I would like to present the long grievance of the people of our locality about the poor condition of communication.

The situation of our locality is about five miles northwards from Barpeta town. Our locality is comprised of ten villages. Almost all the villagers are peasants. Their condition is poor. The area has been neglected by the Government from all rounds.  More than half a century of winning our Freedom has passed, but till today it is a matter of sorrow to tell that all the roads of this locality have remained neglected. About twenty-five years ago only one road had been constructed but today it remains no road at all. Moreover, the last great flood has caused much destruction upon the decay.

The people of this area approached the authorities concerned on several occasions but their attempts to get the roads repaired have proved futile. Besides, the locality is deprived of the use of telephone, electricity, drinking water, post office and other means of communications.

So the people of this locality feel frustrated. It is really a matter of regret that after incessant application to the concerned authorities no initiative is taken by the Government to lead our locality to the developing steps.

Therefore, I hope to draw the attention of the Government authorities through the column of your daily.

Yours faithfully,

Ashis.

8. Write a letter to the editor of a Newspaper appealing for help for the recent flood victims.

Ans:

Betbari Pather

Barpeta,

Date: May 30, 2015

To, 

The Editor, 

The North-east India

Guwahati- 21

Sir,

Through your esteemed paper, I beg to issue the following appeal seeking help from the generous people and organizations.

The recent great flood has made pathetic devastation to the entire Barpeta district. The condition of the villagers around the village of Betbari Pather is beyond description. It is a poor peasant village and most of the peasants have lost their entire crops. The domestic animals and poultry have been swept away by the devastating flood. Most people have lost their homes and hearth. Many people have taken shelter in the P.W.D Road. They are badly in dire need of help.

The generous people and welfare organizations are hereby requested to donate liberally, both in cash and kinds, for helping the flood victims.

The donors are requested to send their donation of whatsoever kind to: Flood Victim Welfare Committee, Betbari Pather, district Barpeta (Assam).

N. K.  Rupam 

President

Flood Victim Welfare Society

Betbari Pather.

Dist. Barpeta (Assam)

9.  Write a letter to the Editor of a Newspaper stating the inconvenience suffered by people on account of the inadequate and irregular bus service in your locality.

Ans:

Barbala

12-5-2015

To, 

The Editor      

The Assam Tribune

Sir, 

Through your esteemed Daily, I would like to draw the attention of the concerned authorities about the burning problem that has been facing by the local people of the vast area of Barbala while travelling from Barbala to Barpeta. There is no transport service till today. People have a walk up to eleven kilometres to reach the town. About a hundred students from our locality have to attend their classes either on a bicycle or on foot. They have been suffering the worst.

We had put forward applications several times to the government and the city bus association, but all our appeal is proved futile. 

Therefore through this letter, I would once again draw the attention of the concerned authorities to press into service at least three buses in this route to help the large number of people of this vast area. 

Yours faithfully

L. K. Kakati

10. Write a letter to the editor of a Daily newspaper regarding wastage of money in the political elections.

Ans:

To, The Editor

Assam Tribune

Guwahati – 3

 Date: 11-5-2012  

Sir,

Through your esteemed daily, I would like to draw the attention of the concerned officials that a lot of money has been being wasted during the elections. All the public walls along with the walls round the private households around the city are replete with posters asking voters for the contesting candidates. The loudspeakers which produce the highest pitch of sound have been creating noise pollution. Great processions are running on from morning till night to influence the general public. In addition to these, some candidates seem to hire persons to draw the attention of the public with a sweet voice. All these activities undertaken by the candidates not only result in the wastage of a lot of money but also have been causing a price hike. Some candidates are supplying wine, wealth and other corrupt gratifications to the public which resulted in the degradation of the morality of our society. 

We think all these wastage have no positive effect except being a slur upon our nation.

Hope that the government will look into these things immediately and initiate the necessary measures to prevent the waste of money during the elections. 

Yours faithfully

Babul Sharma

Jalukbari, Guwahati

11. You are Rekha/ Ramesh of Barpeta. You have seen an advertisement for the post of a sports teacher in Lakhimpur High School. Write a letter to the President of the Managing Committee of the school applying for the post. Give your detailed bio-data as well. H.S. ’20

Ans:

To, 

President, Managing Committee

Lakhimpur High School, Lakhimpur

 Date: 4th Sep 2020

Sub: Application for the post of a sports teacher.

Sir, 

With reference to the subject mentioned above, I beg to state that I have come to know from your advertisement published in ‘The Assam Tribune’ that the post of a sports teacher is lying vacant in your esteemed school. I, myself offer my candidature for the said post. 

I am an educated youth coming of the locality. I have all the qualifies as asked by you for the post of a sports teacher. I have passed B.A. with  English major in 20217 from Guwahati University. I am a specialist in gymnastics form Karnataka Yoga Academy.  For the last three years, I have been serving in a local H.S. School as a sports teacher. Besides this, I have diplomas in computer education and in journalism. After all, I have all the necessary qualifications demanded by you.

I am accustomed to hard-working and bear sound health. Therefore, I request you to be kind enough and invite me to the interview and thus oblige.         

Yours faithfully,

Ramesh

Note: All the necessary documents are enclosed herewith.

12. Write a letter to the editor of The Telegraph, complaining about the noise pollution in your locality drawing the attention of the Government to take steps to check the same. Sign as Mohan/ Anjali, Fancy Bazar, Guwahati.H.S. ’18

To, 

The Editor, 

The Telegram

Guwahati -25

Date: 23rd March 2017

Sir,

Through the column of your esteemed daily, I wish to draw the attention of the authorities concerned about the nuisance of loudspeaker in Kayakuchi Area.

Since the last month, the vast Kayakuchi area has been being kept busy wildly by loudspeakers. Some businessmen in collaboration with some reckless youths of the locality have been holding fairs and theatres in the open pastures near the K. A. College.

We have already informed the police of that; they visited the spot and met the authorities and asked them to run the programmes after 9 p.m. at night without using a loudspeaker. But the sponsors of the programmes made a deaf ear to the command of the police and have been producing much sound pollution day and night even more vehemently. Already the H. S. L. C. and H. S. Examination is near at hand. The nuisance of loudspeaker has deteriorated the educational environment of the locality beyond description. 

In the interest of the peaceful inhabitants and the students, I highly request and draw the attention of the district administration through this esteemed daily to take necessary action against the use of loudspeakers in the vast area of Kayakuchi.

Yours faithfully

Anjali

0 0 0

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

GRAMMAR 

(Solution of Previous H.S. Exam. Questions)

Chapter- 1

NARRATION

Q. Change the form of narration of the following sentences:

H.S. 2001

(a) Ramesh said to the boy, “What is the matter? Why are you crying? Be cheerful.”

Ans: Ramesh asked the boy what the matter was and asked him again why he was crying and told him to be cheerful.

(b) My friend told me that he was very thirsty and requested me to give him a glass of water.

Ans: My friend said to me. “I am very thirsty. Please give me a glass of water.”

H.S. 2002

(a) The boy said to the teacher, “Sir, I am weak in English and seek your advice.”

“Read the text thoroughly and try to express your ideas in simple correct English.” said the teacher.

Ans: The boy politely told the teacher that he was weak in English and sought his advice.

The teacher advised him to read the text thoroughly and try to express the ideas in simple correct English.

(b) I asked my friend why he looked so sad. He replied that his father was seriously ill and there was little hope of his recovery.

Ans: I said to my friend, “Why do you look so sad?” He said, “My father is seriously ill and there is little hope of his recovery.”

H.S. 2003

(a) “I’ve just bought a car,” said Peter, “but it is not insured yet, so I can’t take you for a ride.”

Ans: Peter said to me that he had just bought a car, but that was not insured till then, so he could not take me a ride.

(b) The man said that they had been there for two and a half years and they are going to stay another six months.

Ans: The man said, “We have been here for two and a half years and we are going to stay another six months.”

H.S. 2004

(a) The traveller said to the peasant, “Can you show me the nearest inn?” “Yes.” said the peasant.

Ans: The traveller asked the peasant if he could show him the nearest inn.

The peasant replied that he could.

(b) She said to her son that he was old and lonely and asked him if he  had no pity on her loneliness.

Ans: She said to her son, “I am old and lonely. Do you have no pity on my loneliness?”

H.S. 2005

(a) “Nothing can be avoided,” said Caesar, “Which the god had purposed. These omens appear to everyone, not only to Caesar.”

Ans: Caesar said that nothing could be avoided which the god had purposed. He further said that those omens appeared to everyone, not only to Caesar.

(b) The teacher asked the student if he had prepared his lesson. The student replied politely that he had not.

Ans: The teacher said to the student, “Have you prepared your lesson?”  The student said, “Sir, I’ve not.”

H.S. 2006

(a) “Hercules,” said the goddess of Virtue, “I offer myself to you, I know you are descended from the gods and that you have given proofs of that by your love of virtue.” 

Ans: The goddess of Virtue told Hercules that she offered herself to him because she knew he was descended from the gods and that he had given proofs of that by his love of virtue.

(b) When John asked Marry whether she would help him, she replied that she would.

Ans: When John said to Marry, “Will you help me?” She said, “I will.”

H.S. 2007 (New Course)

(a) He said, “I don’t wish to see any of you, go away.”

Ans: He said that he did not wish to see any of them and told them to go away.

(b) The traveller asked the peasant if he could tell him the nearest inn. The peasant replied that he could.

Ans: The traveller said to the peasant, “Can you tell me the nearest inn?” The peasant replied, “Yes, I can.”

H.S. 2007 (Old Course)

(a) I asked him how long he would stay. He replied that he would stay for five days.

Ans: I said to him, “How long will you stay?” He said, “For five days.”

(b) The doctor said, “You have a mild attack of rheumatism. Take an injection.”

Ans: The doctor told me that I had a mild attack of rheumatism. He advised me to take an injection.

H.S. 2008

(a) ‘Rashmi,’ Karan said, “I have a very important matter to discuss with you today. You must give me your attention.”

Ans: Karan told Rashmi that he had a very important matter to discuss with her and so she must give him her attention.

(b) The teacher ordered Joe to stand up and asked him why he had not prepared his lesson. He told him that he would write to his father.

Ans: The teacher said to Joe, “Stand up. Why have not you prepared your lesson? I shall write to your father.”

H.S. 2009

(a) Rohit said to his friends, “Let us go and help the flood-affected people.”

Ans: Rohit proposed to his friends that they should go and help the flood-affected people.

(b) I asked Priyam what she was doing. Priyam replied that she was preparing her lesson.

Ans: I asked Priyam, “What are you doing?”

“I am preparing my lesson.” Said Priyam.

H.S. 2010

(a) I said to him, “How long will you stay?” He replied, “For five days.”

Ans: I asked him how long he would stay. He replied that he would stay for five days.

(b) The boy humbly requested the teacher to excuse him and promised that he would never do so again.

Ans: The boy said to the teacher, “Please excuse me, sir. I will never do so again.”

H.S. 2011

(a) Rajmi asked her friends if they were ready to go with her. They wanted to know what her attention was.

Ans: Rajmi said to her friends, “Are you ready to go with me? They said, “What is your attention?”

(b) The boy requested that he might be allowed to get in. But the teacher said, “No.”

Ans: The boy said to the teacher, “May I get in, Sir?” The teacher replied negatively.

H.S. 2012

No Question on Grammar was set in the examination this year.

H.S. 2013

(a) “Why are not you wearing chappals?” I ask one boy. “My mother did not bring them down from the shelf,” he answers simply.

Ans: I ask one boy why he is not wearing chappals. He simply answers that his mother didn’t bring them down from the shelf.

(b) One day Mukesh told me that he would be a motor mechanic and leave Firozabad. I asked if he knew anything about car.

Ans: One day Mukesh said to me, “I will be a motor mechanic and leave Firozabad. I said to him, “Do you know anything about car?”

H.S. 2014

(a) The lady said to salesman, “What is the price of the barbic doll?” The salesman said to her, “It is a bit expensive. But I can give you at 20% discount.”

Ans: The lady asked the salesman what the price of that barbic doll was. The salesman answered to her that that was a bit expensive but he could give her at 20% discount.

(b) One day Mohan told me that he would become a doctor and leave Assam. I asked him if he knew anything about medicine.

Ans: One day Mohan said to me, “I will become a doctor and leave Assam.” I said to him, “Do you know anything about medicine?”

H.S. 2015

(a) “Where do you go every Sunday?” I asked the girl. She replied, “I go to the church.”

Ans: I said to the girl where she went every Sunday. She answered that she went to the Church.

(b) The teacher asked Rumi if she had read the Bible. She replied that she hadn’t.

Ans: The teacher said to Rumi, “Have you read the Bible?” She replied, “I have not.”

H.S. 2016

(a) How long do you have to wait for your train? the woman asked me. ”About an hour.”

Ans: The woman asked me how long I had to wait for my train. I said that I had to wait about an hour.

(b) I asked Ranjan where Neena lived. Ranjan replied regretfully that he did not know.

Ans: I said to Ranjan, ”Where does Neena live?” Ranjan replied, ”Sorry, I do not know.”

H.S. 2017

(a) The boy said to the teacher, “Sir, I am weak in English and seek your advice.” Read the text thoroughly and try to express your ideas in simple correct English.” Said the teacher.

Ans: The boy told the teacher addressing Sir that he was weak in English and sought his advice. The teacher advised him to read the text thoroughly and try to express his ideas in simple correct English.

(b) My friend told me that he was very thirsty and requested me to give him a glass of water.

Ans: My friend said to me, ”I am very thirsty. Please give me a glass of water. 

H.S. 2018

(a) The speaker said, “I thank you, ladies and gentlemen, for giving me a kind hearing. When I arrived here yesterday, I did not believe that I might meet so large a gathering.”

Ans: The speaker addressing the ladies and gentlemen thanked them for giving him a kind hearing and added that when he had arrived there the previous day he had not believed that he might have met so large a gathering.

(b) His mother exclaimed in sorrow that she had not a bit of bread to give him and that he had eaten up all the provisions she had in the house the previous day.

Ans: His mother said, ” Alas! I haven’t a bit of bread to give you. You have eaten up all the provisions I had in the house yesterday.”

H.S. 2019

(a) Reena said to the boy, “What’s the matter? Why are you crying? Be cheerful.”

Ans: Reena asked the boy what the matter was and why he was crying. She advised him to be cheerful.

(b) The customer inquired if he could get a garden-roller in that shop. The assistant respectfully replied that he would get it in the hardware department.

Ans: The customer said, ”Can I get a garden-roller in this shop?” The assistant said respectfully, “You will get it in the hardware department.”

H.S. 2020

(a) Alexander said to Porus, “How do you desire to be treated?” He answered, ‘Like a king.”

Ans: Alexander asked Porus how he desired to be treated. He replied that he desired to be treated like a king. 

(b) The boy exclaimed in joy that they had all passed the test and that they would celebrate their success the next day.

Ans: The boy said, “What a joy! We all have passed the test and we will celebrate our success tomorrow. 0 0 0

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

Chapter- 2

VOICE CHANGE

Q.Change the voice of the following sentences:

H. S. 2001

(a) The students respect the principal very much.

Ans: The principal is respected very much by the students.

(b) She is known to us.

Ans: We know her.

(c) The coach is training the players.

Ans: The palyers are being trained by the coach.

(d) My umbrella has been stolen.

Ans: Someone has stolen my umbrella.

H. S. 2002

(a) The town was destroyed by an earthquake.

Ans: An earthquake destroyed the town.

(b) The letters were being delivered by the postman.

Ans: The postman was delivering the letters.

(c) My father gave me a book.

Ans: A book was given me by my father.

or

I was given a book by my father.

(d) They laugh at us.

Ans: We are laughed at by them.

H. S. 2003

(a) They promised Mary a new doll for her birthday.

Ans: Mary was promised a new doll for her birthday by them.

(b) The doctor had ordered me a new diet.

Ans: A new diet had been ordered me by the doctor.

or

I had been ordered a new diet by the doctor.

(c) He was allowed five minutes to get ready.

Ans: They allowed him five minutes to get ready.

(d) I was told the latest news by a friend this morning.

Ans: A friend told me the latest news this morning.

H. S. 2004

(a) The pupils have never been taught to do that exercise.

Ans: The teacher has never taught the pupils to do that exercise.

(b) The soldiers were told to report to the captain.

Ans: The army chief told the soldiers to report to the captain.

(c) They have made John manager of the farm.

Ans: John has been made manager of the farm.

(d) The owner himself showed them the house.

Ans: They were shown the house by the owner himself.

H. S. 2005

(a) They were carrying the injured to the hospital.

Ans: The injured were being carried to the hospital by them.

(b) English is spoken all over the world.

Ans: People speak English all over the world.

(c) Who has broken the window pane?

Ans: By whom has the window pane been broken?

(d) He was laughed at by all.

Ans: All laughed at him.

H. S. 2006

(a) His behaviour vexes me sometimes.

Ans: I am vexed at by his behaviour sometimes.

(b) The Mayor’s speech was loudly cheered.

Ans: The audience loudly cheered the Mayor’s speech.

(c) Why did no one inform me of the change of plan?

Ans: Why  was I not informed of the change of plan by anyone?

(d) The entire block is being demolished.

Ans: They are demolishing the entire block.

H. S. 2007 (New Course)

(a) Mr. John teaches us English.

Ans: We are taught English by Mr. John.

or 

English is taught us by Mr. John.

(b) He will be made king by the people.

Ans: People will make him the king.

(c) The audience loudly cheered the Mayor’s speech.

Ans: The Mayor’s speech was loudly cheered (by the audience).

(d) Let the bill be paid today.

Ans: Pay the bill today.

H. S. 2007 (Old Course)

(a) Columbus discovered America.

Ans: America was discovered by Columbus.

(b) Please keep the book on the table.

Ans: You are requested to keep the book on the table.

(c) Indiscipline should not be encouraged.

Ans: We should not encourage indiscipline.

(d) I was told the latest news by a friend this morning.

Ans: A friend told me the latest news this morning.

H. S. 2008

(a) Keep the book on the table.

Ans: Let the book be kept on the table.

(b) She is writing a letter.

Ans: A letter is being written by her.

(c) He will be forgotten in a few years.

Ans: People will forget him in a few years.

(d) The clown is being laughed at.

Ans: They are laughing at the clown.

H. S. 2009

(a) Shut the door.

Ans: Let the door be shut.

(b) Who wrote the Ramayana?

Ans: By whom was the Ramayana written?

(c) The players are being trained by the coach.

Ans: The coach is training the players.

(d) The poems have been written by Partha.

Ans: Partha has written the poems.

H. S. 2010

(a) I was annoyed at his conduct.

Ans: His conduct annoyed me.

(b) Rahul is flying a kite.

Ans: A kite is being flown by Rahul.

(c) Who has broken the glass?

Ans: By whom has the glass been broken?

(d) Let the game be finished.

Ans: Finish the game.

H. S. 2011

(a) The man was pelted with stones.

Ans: They (or somebody) pelted the man with stones.

(b) I shall never forget you.

Ans: You will never be forgotten by me.

(c) Post the letter immediately.

Ans: Let the letter be posted immediately.

(d) Who wrote the Gitanjali?

Ans: By whom was the Gitanjali written?

H. S. 2013

(a) My bicycle has been stolen.

Ans: Someone has stolen my bicycle.

(b) He is expected soon.

Ans: We expect him soon.

(c) He likes tea.

Ans: Tea is liked by him.

(d) Please give me some more time.

Ans: You are requested to give me some more time.

H. S. 2014

(a) The students were told to leave the room.

Ans: The teacher told the students to leave the room.

(b) Guwahati is called the gateway to North-east.

Ans: People call Guwahati the gateway to North-east.

(c) They laughed at us.

Ans: We were laughed at (by them).

(d) My umbrella has been broken.

Ans: Someone has broken my umbrella.

(e) The thief has been beaten up by the mob.

Ans: The mob has beaten up the thief.

(f) You will be asked to deliver the letters.

Ans: Someone will ask you to deliver the letter.

H. S. 2015

(a) She bought the baby doll.

Ans: The baby doll was bought by her.

(b) They were refused admission.

Ans: The authority refused their admission.

(c) The leader was welcomed by the people.

Ans: The people welcomed the leader.

(d) My watch has been stolen.

Ans: Somebody has stolen my watch. 

H. S. 2016

(a) She handed me the letter.

Ans: The letter was handed me by her.

(b) They laughed at us.

Ans: We were laughed at by them.

(c) The stranger made an attempt to break into the house.

Ans: An attempt was made by the stranger to break into the house.

(d) The student was told to leave the room.

Ans: Somebody told the student to leave the room.

(e) Have they done the work?

Ans: Has the work been done by them?

H. S. 2017

(a) Football is played everywhere.

Ans: People play football everywhere.

(b) Do the work immediately.

Ans: Let the work be done immediately.

(c) Who opened the door?

Ans: By whom was the door opened?

(d) I have lost the book.

Ans: My book has been lost (by me).

H. S. 2018

(a) A Japanese firm makes these television sets.

Ans: These television sets are made by a Japanese firm.

(b) Whom did you laughed at?

Ans: Who was laughed at by you?

(c) He was taught this in his boyhood.

Ans: Somebody taught him this in his boyhood.

(d) Shut this window.

Ans: Let this window be shut.

H. S. 2019

(a) I am writing a letter now.

Ans: A letter is being written by me now.

(b) We should not encourage indiscipline.

Ans: Indiscipline should not be encouraged.

(c) Who wrote the Ramayana?

Ans: By whom was the Ramayana written?

(d) Promise should be kept.

Ans: One should keep one’s promise.

(e) He will be forgotten in a few years.

Ans: People will forget him in a few years.

H. S. 2020

(a)The nurse is looking after this little girl.

Ans: This little girl is being looked after by the nurse.

(b) Morning shows the day.

Ans: The day is shown by morning.

(c) The glass has not been broken by anybody.

Ans: Anybody has  not broken the glass.

(d) What causes an earthquake?

Ans: What is an earthquake caused by?

(e) The ground has to be cleaned by us.

Ans:We have to clean the ground.

(f) The Governor gave him a reward.

Ans: He was given a reward by the Governor. or A reward was given him by the Governor. 0 0 0

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

Chapter- 3

CORRECT TENSE

H. S. 2001

(a)  Mr. Sharma (leave) for England last Friday.

Ans: Mr. Sharma left for England last Friday.

(b) The train (start) at nine o’clock each morning.

Ans:: The train starts at nine o’clock each morning.

(c) Ram went out after he (lock) the door.

Ans: Ram went out after he had locked the door.

(d) He behaved as though he (be) mad.

Ans: He behaved as though he were mad.

(e) Amal (do) this for six months.

Ans: Amal has been doing this for six months.

(f) They (go) to the theatre to-night.

Ans: They will go to the theatre to-night.

(g) He (stay) here until you return.

Ans: He will stay here until you return.

H. S. 2002

(a)  I (know) him for a long time.

Ans: I have known him for a long time.

(b) The light went out while I (read) a newspaper.

Ans: The light went out while I was reading a newspaper.

(c) I (write) a letter before he arrived.

Ans: I had written a letter before he arrived.

(d) They (play) since four o’clock.

Ans: They have been playing since four o’clock.

(e) I shall telephone you when he (come) back.

Ans: I shall telephone you when he comes back.

(f) If I were not so tired, I (go) for a walk with you.

Ans: If I were not so tired, I would have gone for a walk with you.

(g) Many people (kill) in the battle last year.

Ans: Many people were killed in the battle last year.

H. S. 2003

(a)  I (have) my hair cut whenever it gets too long.

Ans: I have my hair cut whenever it gets too long.

(b) You (play) with dolls when you were a little girl?

Ans: Did you play with dolls when you were a little girl?

(c) They just (arrive) from New York.

Ans: They have just arrived from New York.

(d) We (wait) on the platform since three o’clock.

Ans: We have been waiting on the platform since three o’clock.

(e) The water in the pond (freeze) last night.

Ans: The water in the pond froze last night.

(f) You ever (read) ‘War and Peace’?

Ans: Have you ever read ‘War and Peace’?

(g) Wood always (float).

Ans: Wood always floats.

H. S. 2004

(a)  You (enjoy) your English class today?

Ans: Have you enjoyed your English class today?

(b) My aunt Jane (hate) girls who made up.

Ans: My aunt Jane had hated girls who made up.

(c) How often you (go) to the theatre when you were in London?

Ans: How often did you go to the theatre when you were in London?

(d) You ever (be) to London?

Ans: Have you ever been to London?

(e) We already (have) breakfast.

Ans: We have already had breakfast.

(f) John (pass) the post-office on his way to work everyday.

Ans: John passes the post-office on his way to work everyday.

(g) She (talk) to her neighbour when the baby began to cry.

Ans: She was talking to her neighbour when the baby began to cry.

H. S. 2005

(a)  The baby (cry) because it is hungry.

Ans: The baby is crying because it is hungry.

(b) He (kill) in the battle last year.

Ans: He was killed in the battle last year.

(c) We reached the station after the train (leave).

Ans: We reached the station after the train had left.

(d) As he (cross) the road, a car knocked him down.

Ans: As he was crossing the road,  a car knocked him down.

(e) She (be) in Delhi since 1990.

Ans: She has been in Delhi since 1990.

(f) If you (try) hard, you would have succeeded.

Ans: If you tried hard, you would have succeeded.

(g) He behaved as though he (be) mad.

Ans: He behaved as though he were mad.

(h) What you (do) since this morning?

Ans: What have you been doing since this morning?

H. S. 2006

(a)  I (see) him a week ago.

Ans: I saw him a week ago.

(b) If the baby is a girl we (go) to call her Radha.

Ans: If the baby is a girl we are going to call her Radha.

(c) He (fly) a kite.

Ans: He flies a kite.

(d) We (not see) Padma for several months.

Ans: We have not seen Padma for several months.

(e) It (rain) since early morning.

Ans: It has been raining since early morning.

(f) I (buy) a new bicycle last week.

Ans: I bought a new bicycle last week.

(g) If you (try) hard, you would have succeeded.

Ans: If you tried hard you would have succeeded.

(h) I assure that I (shall) help you.

Ans: I assure that I will help you.

H. S. 2007 (New Course)

(a)  He usually (go) to bed at 10 p.m.

Ans: He usually goes to bed at 10 p.m.

(b) She (read) a novel when I went to her home.

Ans: She was reading a novel when I went to her home.

(c) He (kill) in the battle last year.

Ans: He was killed in the battle last year.

(d) I reached the place after he (leave).

Ans: I reached the place after he had left.

(e) You (wash) your hand before every meal?

Ans: Do you wash your hand before every meal?

(f) I wish I (be) a king?

Ans: I wish I were a king.

(g) He (stay) here until you return.

Ans: He will stay here until you return.

(h) If it (rain) I shall not go out.

Ans: If it rains I shall not go out.

H. S. 2007 (Old Course)

(a)  My mother (suffer) from fever since Monday.

Ans: My mother has been suffering from fever since Monday.

(b) His father (teach) us English everyday.

Ans: His father teaches us English everyday.

(c) The doctor came after the patient (die)

Ans: The doctor came after the patient had died.

(d) I (do) it tomorrow.

Ans: I will do it tomorrow.

(e) She (work) in the kitchen when the baby began to cry.

Ans: She was working in the kitchen when the baby began to cry.

(f) If I (be) you, I would not do that.

Ans: If I were you I would not do that.

(g) You ever (be) to London?

Ans: Have you ever been to London?

(h) If you had told me that you wanted to go there, I would have (help) you.

Ans: If you had told me that you wanted to go there I would have helped you.

H. S. 2008 

(a)  Mr. Saikia (leave) for Delhi last Friday.

Ans: Mr. Saikia left for Delhi last Friday.

(b) As he (cross) the road, a car knocked him down.

Ans: As he was crossing the road, a car knocked him down.

(c) She (be) in London since 1990.

Ans: She has been in London since 1990.

(d) It was very cold this morning, but the sun (shine) now.

Ans: It was very cold this morning, but the sun is shining now.

(e) He suddenly realized that he (leave) the purse in the bus.

Ans: He suddenly realized that he had left the purse in the bus.

(f) He behaved as though he (be) a king.

Ans: He behaved as though he were a king.

(g) He (visit) many towns before he returned home.

Ans: He had visited many towns before he returned home.

(h) If he (come), I shall not go out.

Ans: If he comes, I shall not go out.

H. S. 2009 

(a)  You ever (be) to Delhi?

Ans: Have you ever been to Delhi?

(b) The baby (cry) because it is hungry.

Ans: The baby is crying because it is hungry.

(c) He reached the station after the train (leave).

Ans: He reached the station after the train had left.

(d) She usually (go) to bed at ten p.m.

Ans: He usually goes to bed at ten p.m.

(e) We (not see) Rahul for several months.

Ans: We have not seen Rahul for several months.

(f) My father (suffer) from fever since last Monday.

Ans: My father has been suffering from fever since last Monday.

(g) If I had been you, I (not agree) to the proposal.

Ans: If  I had been you I would have not been  agreed to the proposal.

(h) When I went there, she (cook) food.

Ans: When I went there she was cooking food.

H. S. 2010

(a)  The train (start) at nine every morning.

Ans: The train starts at nine every morning.

(b) They (go) to watch a movie tonight.

Ans: They are going to watch a movie tonight.

(c) The boy (sleep), don’t disturb him.

Ans: The boy is sleeping, don’t disturb him.

(d) I (work) on this project for the last two years.

Ans: I have been working on this project for the last two years.

(e) When we went to him, he (teach) his students.

Ans: When we went to him, he was teaching his students.

(f) He (kill) in the battle last year.

Ans: He was killed in the battle last year.

(g) He (reach) home before it grew dark.

Ans: He had reached home before it grew dark.

(h) If I had been you, I (not agree) to the proposal.

Ans: If I had been you, I would have not been agreed to the proposal.

H. S. 2011 

(a)  I (be) in Delhi since 2008.

Ans: I have been in Delhi since 2008.

(b) If he (start) in time, he would have not missed the train.

Ans: If he had started in time, he would have not missed the train. 

(c) Had I been a bird, I (fly) here and there.

Ans: Had I been a bird, I would have flown here and there.

(d) We (go) to cinema this afternoon as we have got the tickets.

Ans: We shall go (are going) to cinema as we have got the tickets.

(e) It (go) to rain now.

Ans: It is going to rain now.

(f) We (not see) Rahul for many years.

Ans: We have not seen Rahul for many years.

(g) He (come) in an hour.

Ans: He comes (or will come) in an hour.

(h) When I went to meet him, he (read) a novel.

Ans: When I went to meet him, he was reading a novel.

H. S. 2012 

No question on Tense was prescribed this year.

H. S. 2013 

(a)  Ice (float) on water.

Ans: Ice floats on water.

(b) He (go) home when we met him.

Ans: He was going home when we met him.

(c) I want to go for a walk, but I (not finish) my work yet.

Ans: I want to go for a walk, but I have not finished my work yet.

(d) Perhaps it (rain) yesterday.

Ans: Perhaps it rained yesterday.

(e) All the students (leave) when I reached the school.

Ans: All the students had left when I reached the school.

(f) We (walk) for two hours at a stretch and now we need to rest.

Ans: We have been walking for two hours at a stretch and now we need to rest.

(g) You (sleep) for three hours now.

Ans: You have been sleeping for three hours now.

(h) If he (come), I shall not go out.

Ans: If he comes, I shall not go out.

H. S. 2014 

(a)  I wish I (know) her.

Ans: I wish I knew her.

(b) The meeting (begin) when we arrived at the auditorium.

Ans: The meeting had begun when we arrived at the auditorium.

(c) The first World War (last) for four years and ended in 1918.

Ans: The first World War had lasted for four years and ended in 1918.

(d) As soon as I came in, she (leave) the room.

Ans: As soon as I came in, she was leaving the room.

(e) I usually (go) to bed at 11 o’clock.

Ans: I usually go to bed at 11 o’clock.

(f) To hate man (be) the biggest crime.

Ans: To hate man is the biggest crime.

(g) Please stop singing because I (try) to work.

Ans: Please stop singing because I am trying to work.

(h) If he (come), I shall not go out.

Ans: If he comes, I shall not go out.

H. S. 2015

(a)  I usually ……….. (go) to bed at 10 o’clock.

Ans: I usually go to bed at 10 o’clock.

(b) The teacher……….. (know) the boy was lying.

Ans: The teacher knew the boy was lying.

(c) He ………. (work) here since 2009.

Ans: He has been working here since 2009. 

(d) When I reached the station, the train ……….. (leave).

Ans: When I reached the station the train had left.

(e) I ………. (go) to Delhi tomorrow.

Ans: I am going to Delhi tomorrow.

(f) I ……. (write) an essay now.

Ans: I am writing an essay now.

(g) When I went to her house, …….. she (sing) a song.

Ans: When I went to her house she was singing a song.

H. S. 2016 

(a)  We (do) our lessons when the light went out.

Ans: We were doing our lessons when the light went out.

(b) All the answers to the questions (be) wrong.

Ans: All the answers to the questions are wrong.

(c) He (sit) in the library when I saw him.

Ans: He was sitting in the library when I saw him.

(d) I (wait) for you since morning.

Ans: I have been waiting for you since morning.

(e) Football (be) play everywhere in the world.

Ans: Football is played everywhere in the world.

H. S. 2017 

(a)  Recently the price of petrol (go) up.

Ans: Recently the price of petrol went up.

(b) I (do) a lot of work today.

Ans: I have done a lot of work today.

(c) The train (leave) before we reached the station.

Ans: The train had left before we reached the station.

(d) I wish my brother (be) here.

Ans: I wish my brother were here.

(e)  I (wait) for you since morning.

Ans: I have been waiting for you since morning.

(f) I (think) for going abroad for quite sometime.

Ans: I have thought of going abroad for quite sometime.

(g) This paper (appear) twice a week.

Ans: This paper appears twice a week.

H. S. 2018

(a)  He (work) here since 2011

Ans: He has been working here since 2011.

(b) I (write) the letter last night.

Ans: I wrote the letter last night.

(c) He (sit) in the library when I saw him.

Ans: He was sitting in the library when I saw him.

(d) If I were you, I (not do) it.

Ans: If I were you, I would not have done it.

(e) The first world war (last) for  four years and ended in 1918

Ans: The first world war lasted for four years and ended in 1918.

(f) The rubbish van (come) again in the afternoon tomorrow.

Ans: The rubbish van will come again in the afternoon tomorrow.

H. S. 2019 

(a)  They (live) in this place since 1970.

Ans: They have been living in this place since 1970.

(b) The train (leave) before I reached the station.

Ans: The train had left before I reached the station.

(c) I wish I (be) a bird.

Ans: I wish I were a bird.

(d) Your letter (reach) me yesterday.

Ans: Your letter reached me yesterday.

(e) He (make) a doll now.

Ans: He is making a doll now.

(f) I met him while (go) to his office.

Ans: I met him while going to his office.

H. S. 2020

(a) My brother (practise) law these days.

Ans: My brother has been practising law these days.

(b) The patient (die) before the doctor reached.

Ans: The patient had died before the doctor reached.

(c) You (sleep) when I entered the room.

Ans: You were sleeping when I entered the room.

(d) She (come) here the day after tomorrow.

Ans: She will come here the day after tomorrow.

(e) They (win) the match.

Ans: They have won the match.

(f) We (visit) the Taj Mahal last year.

Ans: We visited the Taj Mahal last year. 0 0 0

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

 

Chapter- 4

TRANSFORMATION OF SENTENCES 

Q. Rewrite the following sentences as directed.

H. S. 2001

(a) Silver is not as valuable as gold. (Change into comparative degree)

Ans: Gold is more valuable than silver.

(b) He is competent for the post. (Make it negative without changing the meaning)

Ans: He is not incompetent for the post.

(c) No one can do this. ( Make it interrogative)

Ans: Can anyone do this?

(d) There is no cloud without a silver lining. (Make it affirmative)

Ans: Every cloud has a silver lining.

(e) Nilu is so weak that she cannot move. (Rewrite it as a simple sentence.)

Ans: Nilu is too weak to move.

(f) He promised to help me. (Turn it into a complex sentence)

Ans: He promised that he would help me.

(g)  Only he can do it. (Rewrite the sentence by replacing ‘only’ with ‘none’)

Ans: None but he can do it.

H. S. 2002

(a) Gold is one of the most precious metals. (Change it into  positive degree)

Ans: Very few metals are as precious as gold.

(b) I am not a little tired. (Make it Affirmative)

Ans: I am very tired.

(c) He leads a most unhappy life. ( Make it exclamatory)

Ans: What an unhappy life he leads!

(d) I have no time that I can waste on idle talk. (Make it simple sentence

Ans: I have no time to waste on idle talk.

(e) He worked hard to pass the examination. (Turn it into a complex sentence)

Ans: He worked hard so that he could pass the examination.

(f) Why waste time in this fruitless occupation? (Make it assertive sentence)

Ans:: It is fruitless to waste time in this fruitless occupations

or

We should not waste time in this fruitless occupation.

(g)  He is as intelligent as his brother. (Change it into  comparative degree)

Ans: His brother is not more intelligent than he.

(h) The boy is so poor that he cannot buy his textbooks. (Rewrite the sentence by using ‘so……….. that’)

Ans: The boy is so poor that he cannot buy his textbooks.

H. S. 2003

(a) America is the richest country in the world. (Change it into  comparative degree without changing the meaning)

Ans: America is richer than any other country in the world.

(b) He was too tired to go any farther.  (Rewrite the sentence using ‘so……… that’)

Ans: He was so tired that he could not go any farther.

(c) I was certain of passing the examination.

(Change it into a complex sentence)

Ans: I was certain that I would pass the examination.

(d) Having finished his work he went home. (Turn into a complex sentence)

Ans: He went home after he had finished his work.

(e) We can never forget his kindness to us. (Change it into interrogative)

Ans: Can we ever forget his kindness to us?

(f) We should love those who live near us. (Rewrite it as a simple sentence)

Ans: We should love our neighbours.

(g)  Only John was present there. (Make it negative without changing the meaning)

Ans: None but John was present there

(h) Everybody knows him. (Make it interrogative)

Ans: Does everybody know him?

or

Who does not know him?

H. S. 2004

(a) He must confess his fault, or he will be fined. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘unless’)

Ans: Unless he confesses his fault he will be fined.

(b) Reena is the tallest girl in the class.  (Rewrite the sentence using ‘’taller’ instead of ‘tallest’)

Ans: Reena is taller than any other girl in the class.

(c) It is possible that Mr. Baruah will help you. ( Rewrite the sentence using ‘may’)

Ans: Mr. Baruah may help you.

(d) The mangoes are so cheap that they cannot be sweet. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘too’)

Ans: The mangoes are too cheap to be sweet.

(e) He wants me to go (Turn it into a complex sentence)

Ans: He wants that I should go.

(f) No one can deny that he is a good student. (Make it affirmative)

Ans: Everybody admits that he is a good student.

(g)  Everybody wishes to be happy. (Make it interrogative)

Ans: Does everybody wish to be happy?

or

Who does not wish to be happy?

(h) Coming home, he began to work. (Rewrite it as a compound sentence)

Ans: He came home and began to work.

H. S. 2005

(a) God alone can save him. (Make it negative without changing the meaning)

Ans: None but God can save him.

(b) The man serves his master sincerely.  (Use the noun form of ‘sincerely’)

Ans: The man serves his master with sincerity.

(c) Papari is the tallest girl in the class.( Rewrite it using ‘tall’ instead of ‘tallest’)

Ans: No other girl in the class is as tall as Papari.

(d) In spite of poverty he is happy. (Make it a complex sentence)

Ans: Though he is poor yet he is happy.

(e) I can never forget your kindness. (Make it an interrogative sentence)

Ans: Can I ever forget your kindness?

(f) He is so weak that he cannot move. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘too……..to’)

Ans: He is too weak to move.

(g)  We left no plan untried. (Make it an affirmative sentence)

Ans: We tried every plan.

(h) Everybody cannot succeed. (Add a tag question to the statement)

Ans: Everybody cannot succeed, can they?

H. S. 2006

(a) I am older than you. (Add the proper tag question to the stament)

Ans: I am older than you, aren’t I?

(b) There is a slight difference bewteen the two shades.  (Rewrite the sentence by using the adjective form of ‘difference’)

Ans: The two shades are slightly different from each other.

(c) He worked hard to pass the examination. (Make it a complex sentence)

Ans: He worked hard so that he could pass the examination.

(d) Is this the kind of dress to wear in school? (Make it an assertive sentence)

Ans: This is the kind of dress to wear in school.

(e) There is no smoke without fire. (Convert it into an affirmative sentence)

Ans:: Every fire has smoke.

(f) This fact is too evident to require proof. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘so ……… that’ instead of ‘too …. to’.)

Ans: The fact is so evident that it does not require proof.

(g)  Kolkata is one of the biggest cities in India. (Rewrite the sentence by using the positive degree of ‘biggest’)

Ans: Very few cities in India is as big as Kolkata.

(h) I have no advice that I can offer you. (Make it a simple sentence)

Ans: I have no advice to offer you.

H. S. 2007 (New Course)

(a) He is both tall and strong. (Make it a compound sentence)

Ans: He is not only tall but also strong.

(b) Harry is too weak to walk.  (Rewrite the sentence using ‘so ………… that’)

Ans: Harry is so weak that he cannot walk.

(c) He tried all plans. ( Make it a negative sentence without changing the meaning)

Ans: He left no plan untried.

(d) I have no money that I can spare. (Make it a simple sentence)

Ans: I have no money to spare.

(e) Work or you will fail. (Make it a complex sentence)

Ans: Unless you work you will fail.

(f) There is nothing wrong with him. (Make it an interrogative sentence)

Ans: Is there anything wrong with him?

(g)  Kindly do me a favour. (Add a tag question)

Ans: Kindly do me a favour, won’t you?

H. S. 2007 (Old Course)

(a) Everybody must admit that he is a good student. (Make it negative without changing the meaning)

Ans: Nobody can deny that he is a good student.

(b) He is the best boy in the class.  (Change it into comparative degree without changing the meaning)

Ans: He is better than any other boy in the class.

(c) He is so weak that he cannot walk. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘too ……..to’)

Ans: He is too weak to walk.

(d) I can never forget you. (Turn it into an interrogative sentence )

Ans: Can I ever forget you?

(e) He wants me to go. (Turn it into a complex sentence)

Ans: He wants that I should go.

(f) She does not speak French …? (Add a question tag)

Ans: She does not speak French, does she?

(g)  Coming home he began to work. (Rewrite it as a compound sentence)

Ans: He came home and began to work.

(h) I have no money that I can spare. (Change it into a simple sentence)

Ans: I have no money to spare.

H. S. 2008

(a) Everest is the highest mountain in the world. (Change into comparative degree)

Ans: Everest is higher than any other mountain in the world.

(b) God alone can save him.  (Make it negative)

Ans: None but God can save him.

(c) Everyman loves his own country. ( Make it interrogative)

Ans: Who does not love his own country?

(d) Only those boys who are industrious can shine in life. (Make it a simple sentence )

Ans: Only industrious boys can shine in life.

(e) In spite of his poverty, he is happy. (Make it a complex sentence)

Ans: Though he is poor yet he is happy.

(f) Raju is so good that he cannot harm anybody. (Use ‘too……..to’)

Ans: Raju is too good to harm anybody.

(g)  If you try you will succeed. (Rewrite it as a compound sentence)

Ans:: Try and you will succeed.

(h) He left no plan untried. (Make it affirmative)

Ans: He tried every plan.

(i) He speaks French well. (Add a question tag)

Ans: He speaks French well, doesn’t he?

H. S. 2009

(a) No sooner did he see me than he began to weep. (Turn it into affirmative)

Ans: As soon as he saw me, he began to weep.

(b) I can never forget your kindness. (Turn it into interrogative)

Ans: Can I ever forget your kindness?

(c) He is the best boy in the class. (Change into comparative degree)

Ans: He is better than any other boy in the class.

(d) I have no money to spare. (Turn it into a complex sentence )

Ans: I have no money that I can spare.

(e) He is too weak to walk. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘so ………… that’)

Ans: He is so weak that he cannot walk.

(f) She not only made a promise but kept it. (Make it a simple sentence)

Ans: Besides making a promise, he kept it.

(g)  Everybody must admit that Radha is an honest girl. (Make it negative)

Ans: Nobody can deny that Radha is an honest girl.

(h) Please lend me some money, ……. ….? (Add a question tag)

Ans: Please lend me some money, will you / won’t you?

(i) The enemy fled as soon as they said us. (Turn it into a compound sentence)

Ans: The enemy said us and left soon.

H. S. 2010

(a) In spite of his poverty, he was honest. (Turn it into a complex sentence)

Ans: Though he was poor yet he was honest.

(b) If I knew this before. (Turn into an assertive sentence )

Ans: I wish that I knew this before.

(c) Everybody must admit that he is a good musician.  (Turn into negative)

Ans: Nobody deny that he is a good musician.

(d) He is too lazy to shine in life.  (Use ‘so…….. that’)

Ans: He is so lazy that he cannot shine in life.

(e) Having done his work, he left the place. (Turn it into a compound sentence)

Ans: He had done his work and left the place.

(f) The captain did not agree to this ? (Add a question tag)

Ans: The captain did not agree to this, did he?

(g)  The dog is most faithful animal.  (Rewrite in comparative degree)

Ans: The dog is more faithful animal.

(h) We are not displeased with your work. (Make it affirmative)

Ans: We are pleased with your work.

(i) We believe that he is innocent. (Turn it into a simple sentence)

Ans: We believe him to be innocent.

H. S. 2011

(a) I have some money in my pocket (Turn it into a negative sentence

Ans: I am not without money in my pocket.

(b) He left no stone unturned  (Make it affirmative)

Ans: He turned every stone.

(c) I have no time to spare. (Turn into a complex sentence)

Ans: I have no time that I can spare.

(d) As soon as I see him, he left the place. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘hardly ……. when’)

Ans: Hardly did I saw him when he left the place.

(e) Only Ram can do this.  (Turn into a negative sentence)

Ans: None but Ram can do this.

(f) I know his name.  (Turn  this sentence into a complex sentence)

Ans: I know what his name is.

(g)  He is the most intelligent boy in the class. ( Change into a comparative degree)

Ans: He is more intelligent than any other boy in the class.

(h) She can speak English well, ….. ? (Add a question tag)

Ans: She can speak English well, can’t she?

(i) He promised that he would give me a book. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘promise’ as a noun)

Ans:: His promise was that he would give me a book.

H. S. 2012

No question on Transformation of sentence was set in the examination this year.

H. S. 2013

(a) Kolkata is bigger than any other city in India. (Change into positive degree)

Ans: No other city in India is as big as Kolkata.

(b) He left no plan untried.  (Change into affirmative)

Ans: He tried every plan.

(c) He came in the evening. (Change into a complex sentence)

Ans: He came when it was evening.

(d) I shall never forget you. (Turn it into an interrogative sentence )

Ans: Shall I ever forget you?

(e) You must work hard to succeed. (Change into a compound sentence)

Ans: Work hard and you will succeed.

(f) No sooner did he see me than he began to quarrel. (Change into affirmative)

Ans: As soon as he saw me he began to quarrel.

H. S. 2014

(a) This is the best book on the subject. (Change into comparative degree)

Ans: This is better than any other book on the subject.

(b) No other boxer is as great as Mary Com.  (Change into superlative degree)

Ans: Mary Com is the greatest boxer.

(c) None but Anita can do the sum. (Change into Affirmative)

Ans: Only Anita can do the sum.

(d) I know his name. (Change into a complex sentence)

Ans: I know what his name is.

(e) Everybody must admit that Tendulkar is a great cricketer. (Change into negative)

Ans: Nobody can deny that Tendulkar is a great cricketer.

(f) I shall never forget you. (Change into interrogative)

Ans: Shall I ever forget you?

H. S. 2015

(a) Kolkata is the most populous city in India. (Change into comparative degree)

Ans: Kolkata is more populous than other cities in India.

(b) No other boy is as intelligent as Raju. (Change into Superlative degree)

Ans: Raju is the most intelligent boy.

(c) No sooner did he see me he began to quarrel. (Change into affirmative)

Ans: As soon as he saw me he began to quarrel.

(d) I know where he was born. (change into a simple sentence)

Ans: I know his birthplace.

(e) He tried all plans. (Change into negative)

Ans: He left no plan untried.

(f) I shall never forget you. (Change into interrogative)

Ans: Can I ever forget you?  

H.S. ’16

(a) No other boxer is as great as Mary Kom. (Change into comparative degree).

Ans: Mary Kom is greater than any other boxer.

(b) None but Anita can do the sum. (Change into affirmative).

Ans: Only Anita can do the sum.

(c) Everybody must admit that Tendulkar is a great cricketer. (Change into negative).

Ans: None deny that Tendulkar is a great cricketer.

(d) I know his name. (Change into a complex sentence)

Ans: I know what his name is.

(e) He hoped that he would win the prize. (Change into a simple sentence)

Ans: He hoped to win the prize.

(f) Is it not a foolish idea? (Transform into a statement).

Ans: It is a foolish idea.

H.S. ’17

(a) The Brahmaputra is the longest river in India. (Change into positive degree).

Ans: No other river is as long as the Brahmaputra.

(b) Everybody wishes to be happy. (Make it interrogative).

Ans: Who does not wish to be happy?

(c) Only Ram was present there. (Make it negative without changing the meaning).

Ans: None but Ram was present there. 

(d) He desired that I should go there. (make it a simple sentence.

Ans: He desired me to go there.

(e) He is so lazy that he cannot shine in life. (Make it a simple sentence).

Ans: He is too lazy to shine in life.

(f) Having done his work he left the place. (Make it a compound sentence).

Ans: He had done his work and left the place.

H.S. ’18

(a) This is one of the best colleges in the North. (Change into comparative degree).

Ans: This college is better than most of the other colleges in the North.

(b) You are richer than I. (Make it negative without changing the meaning).

Ans: I am not as rich as you.

(c) There is no smoke without fire. (Make it affirmative without changing the meaning).

Ans: Every fire has smoke.

(d) We heard of her failure. (make it a complex sentence)

Ans: He heard that she had failed.

(e) He admitted that he had done wrong. (Make it a simple sentence).

Ans: He admitted his fault.

(f) Unless you work hard, you will fail. (Make it a compound sentence).

Ans: Work hard or you will fail.

H.S. ’19

(a) Your hair is very lovely. (Make it an exclamatory sentence) 

Ans: How lovely your hair is!

(b)  The Bhupen Hazarika Xetu at Dhola Sadiya is the longest bridge in India. (Change it into positive degree)

Ans: No other bridge is as long as the Bupen Hazarika Xetu at Dhola Sadiya.

(c) I tried every plan. (Make it negative without changing meaning)

Ans: I left no plan untried.

(d) He wants me to help him. (Make it a complex sentence)

Ans: He wants me that I should help him.

(e) The enemy fled as soon as he saw us.  (Make it a compound sentence)

Ans: No sooner had the enemy saw us than they fled. 

(f) A stone that is rolling gathers no moss. (Make it a simple sentence)

Ans: A rolling stone gathers no moss.

H.S. ’20

(a) Why waste time in this fruitless occupation? (Make it Assertive)

Ans: You waste time in this fruitless occupation.

(b) It is often difficult to speak the truth. (Make it negative without changing the meaning)

Ans: It is not often easy to speak the truth.

(c) Being ill, he could not attend school (Make it a compound sentence)

Ans: He was ill so he could not attend school.

(d) On seeing the lion, he ran away. (Make it a complex sentence)

Ans: As soon as he saw the lion he ran away.

(e) The students who are good do their homework regularly. (Make it a simple sentence)

Ans: The good students do their homework regularly.

(f) Atul is the best boy in the class. (Change it into positive degree)

Ans: No other boy in the class is as good as Atul. 0 0 0

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

Chapter- 5

PREPOSITION

Q. Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions.

H. S. 2001

(a) He is …… the way to Delhi.

Ans: He is on the way to Delhi.

(b) The food is not ………. my taste.

Ans: The food is not to my taste.

(c) She is playing ……….. a violin.

Ans: She is playing on a violin.

(d) I am confident …….. success.

Ans: I am confident of success.

(e) The little girl was pleased ………… her new dress.

Ans: The little girl was pleased with her new dress.

(f) The examination is …… hand.

Ans: The examination is at hand.

H. S. 2002

(a) He is …… work now.

Ans: He is at work now.

(b) You must suffer ………. your misdeed.

Ans: You must suffer for your misdeed.

(c) She writes ……….. her left hand.

Ans: She writes with her left hand.

(d) We should rely …….. our own efforts.

Ans: we should rely on our own efforts.

(e) He has no money ………… him.

Ans: He has no money with him.

(f) Jatin is sorry …… what he has done.

Ans: Jatin is sorry for what he has done.

(g) He said this ……….. oath.

Ans: He said this on oath.

H. S. 2003

(a) I will meet you there ………….  six o’clock sharp.

Ans: I will meet you there at six o’clock sharp.

(b) The application must be handed in ………..December 31st.

Ans: The application must be handed in by December 31st.

(c) Cuckoos can be seen ………… spring.

Ans: Cuckoos can be seen in / during  spring.

(d) Soldiers ………. their battle dress look very smart.

Ans: Soldiers in their battle dress look very smart.

(e) He is a bad rider. He is always falling ……………  bicycle.

Ans: He is a bad rider. He is always falling from  bicycle.

(f) He still comes to see me ……….. time to time.

Ans: He still comes to see me from time to time.

(g) It has been the same old story ever ………….. he was a little boy.

Ans: It has been the same old story ever since he was a little boy.

H. S. 2004

(a) It always gets cool here ………… the evening.

Ans: It always gets cool here in the evening.

(b) The family are all gathering again ………. Christmas.

Ans: The family are all gathering again at Christmas.

(c) I wonder if you could get it done ……… tomorrow.

Ans: I wonder if you could get it  done by  tomorrow.

(d) He has been living in his new house …………. last week.

Ans: He has been living in his new house since last week.

(e) The train ………… Delhi leaves in a few minutes.

Ans: The train to Delhi leaves in a few minutes.

(f) Why does she prefer to sit …………. the back of the class?

Ans: Why does she prefer to sit at the back of the class?

(g) Kings used to lead their armies ……….. the enemy in person.

Ans: Kings used to lead their armies against the enemy in person.

H. S. 2005

(a)  Congratulate you ………. your success.

Ans: Congratulate you on your success.

(b) John has no taste …………. music.

Ans: John has no taste for music.

(c) I am astonished ……….. your conduct.

Ans: I am astonished at your conduct.

(d) My father was born ……… August 15, 1947.

Ans: My father was born on August 15, 1947.

(e) The ship is bound ……….. England.

Ans: The ship is bound for England.

(f) She prefers tea ……… coffee.

Ans: She prefers tea to coffee.

(g) The master frowned ………… the servant.

Ans: The master frowned at the servant.

H. S. 2006

(a)  She cannot part ……… her mother.

Ans: She cannot part from her mother.

(b) He regarded it as a slur ………… his social standing.

Ans: He regarded it as a slur upon his social standing.

(c) Butter is made ………… milk.

Ans: Butter is made from milk.

(d) Don’t be blind …………. your son’s fault.

Ans: Don’t be blind to your son’s fault.

(e) He is averse ………… hard work.

Ans: He is averse to hard work.

(f) The arrested man was acquitted ……. the charge of murder.

Ans: The arrested man was acquitted of the charge of murder.

(g) I am confident ……….. success.

Ans: I am confident of success.

(h) He takes pride ……. his wealth.

Ans: He takes pride in his wealth.

H. S. 2007 (New Course)

(a)  My father sent me the parcel ………. post.

Ans: My father sent me the parcel by post.

(b) Where do you come ……..?

Ans: Where do you come from?

(c) Butter is made ………… milk.

Ans: Butter is made from milk.

(d) A modest man does not boast ……….. his achievement.

Ans: A modest man does not boast of his achievement.

(e) I started ……….. school very late that morning.

Ans: I started for school very late that morning.

(f) The sick woman has no one to look ……… her.

Ans: The sick woman has no one to look after her.

(g) I shall do it ……. pleasure.

Ans: I shall do it with / for pleasure.

(h) I congratulate you ………. your success.

Ans: I congratulate you on your success.

H. S. 2007 (Old Course)

(a)  We shall be back ……. 4 o’clock.

Ans: We shall be back by 4 o’clock.

(b) You must suffer ……….. your misdeed.

Ans: You must suffer for your misdeed.

(c) We should be respectful ……. our elders.

Ans: We should be respectful to our elders.

(d) I am pleased ………. your conduct.

Ans: I am pleased at your conduct.

(e) Joe is jealous …………. Jenny’s fame.

Ans: Joe is jealous of Jenny’s fame.

(f) He is lost ……… his thought.

Ans: He is lost in his thought.

(g) Don’t boast ………… your money.

Ans: Don’t boast of your money.

(h) He complied …… my request.

Ans: He complied with my request.

H. S. 2008

(a)  He spoke ………. me in English.

Ans: He spoke to me in English.

(b) Butter is made ………. milk.

Ans: Butter is made from milk.

(c) A true friend will always stand ……………. you in difficulties.

Ans: A true friend will always stand by you in difficulties.

(d) He has a great fondness ……. children.

Ans: He has a great fondness for children.

(e) The doctor advised him to abstain ………….. smoking.

Ans: The doctor advised him to abstain from smoking.

(f) I visited Shillong ……….. the summer holidays.

Ans: I visited Shillong during the summer holidays.

(g) The pen is often compared ……. a sword.

Ans: The pen is often compared to a sword.

(h) My uncle deals ………. groceries.

Ans: My uncle deals in groceries.

H. S. 2009

(a)  He was annoyed ……….. Rita’s conduct.

Ans: He was annoyed at Rita’s conduct.

(b) You can confide ……… me.

Ans: You can confide in me.

(c) He is guilty ……. theft.

Ans: He is guilty of theft.

(d) The ship is bound …………. England.

Ans: The ship is bound for England.

(e) She prefers tea …………. coffee.

Ans: She prefers tea to coffee.

(f) He was brought ……….. by his aunt.

Ans: He was brought up by his aunt.

(g) The little girl is pleased …….. her dress.

Ans: The little girl is pleased with her dress.

(h) You can rely ………. me.

Ans: You can rely on me.

H. S. 2010

(a)  This book belongs ……… me.

Ans: This book belongs to me.

(b) Don’t wink …………. your son’s fault.

Ans: Don’t wink at your son’s fault.

(c) The teacher was astonished …….. Radha’s conduct.

Ans: The teacher was astonished at Radha’s conduct.

(d) I know him …………… name.

Ans: I know him by name.

(e) Smriti did the work ………. his absence.

Ans: Smriti did the work in his absence.

(f) I meet him ………… my way to the market.

Ans: I meet him on my way to the market.

(g) Your application is ………. consideration.

Ans: Your application is under consideration.

(h) Don’t boast ………… wealth.

Ans: Don’t boast of wealth.

H. S. 2011

(a)  My teacher is pleased ……….. me.

Ans: My teacher is pleased with me.

(b) The picture is hung ……… the wall.

Ans: The picture is hung on the wall.

(c) We should abstain ……… smoking.

Ans: We should abstain from smoking.

(d) The train is bound ……. Kolkata.

Ans: The train is bound for Kolkata.

(e) He was debarred ……….. appearing at the examination.

Ans: He was debarred from appearing at the examination.

(f) I never hanker ………….. money.

Ans: I never hanker after money.

(g) He died …………the accident.

Ans: He died in the accident.

(h) I came across him ………… chance.

Ans: I came across him by chance.

H. S. 2012

No Questin on Grammar was given in the examination this year.

H. S. 2013

(a)  We informed the police …….. the theft in the house.

Ans: We informed the police of the theft in the house.

(b) The children were looking forward ……….. their visit to Shillong.

Ans: The children were looking forward to their visit to Shillong.

(c) I spoke to her ……. the office.

Ans: I spoke to her at the office.

(d) Our school is ……….. Chandmari.

Ans: Our school is at Chandmari.

(e) We have been staying ……… a hotel near the bus stop.

Ans: We have been staying at a hotel near the bus stop.

(f) The girl standing ………….. the two boys is their sister.

Ans: The girl standing between the two boys is their sister.

H. S. 2014

(a)  The train arrived ………. the station a minute ago.

Ans: The train arrived at the station a minute ago.

(b) My birthday is …………… 24 August.

Ans: My birthday is on 24 August.

(c) The office is closed ……… the second and fourth Saturdays.

Ans: The office is closed on the second and fourth Saturdays.

(d) Our school is …………. Chandmari.

Ans: Our school is at Chandmari.

(e) We have been staying ……… a hotel near the bus stop.

Ans: We have been staying at a hotel near the bus stop.

(f) The girl standing ………….. the two boys is their sister.

Ans: The girl standing between the two boys is their sister.

H. S. 2015

(a)  I heard a lot about you …………. your class teacher.

Ans: I heard a lot about you from your class teacher.

(b) His father is a principal ……a school in Jorhat.

Ans: His father is a principal of a school in Jorhat.

(c) Please sit down ……… a few minutes.

Ans: Please sit down for a few minutes.

(d) Tom is addicted …………… gambling.

Ans: Tom is addicted to gambling.

(e) Don’t be afraid ……………. telling the truth.

Ans: Don’t be afraid of telling the truth.

(f) Sheila is proud …………… her beauty.

Ans: Sheila is proud of her beauty. 

H.S. ’16 

(a) The train arrived…………… the platform a minute ago.

Ans: at

(b) The Children were looking forward ………….. their visit to Kaziranga.

Ans: to

(c) I have to finish this report …………… tonight.

Ans: by

(d) The girl standing……………. the two boys is their sister.

Ans: between

(e) Douglas jumped ……………. the swimming pool.

Ans: over

(f) The office is closed…………… second and fourth Saturdays.

Ans: on

H.S. ’17

(a) I met him …………. the road.

Ans: on 

(b) I congratulate you ……….. your success.

Ans: on

(c) John was annoyed ………………… his mother.

Ans: with

(d) The work should be finished ……………….. next Friday.

Ans: by 

(e) We are not interested ……….. your story.

Ans: in

(f) He was frightened …………… the noise.

Ans: of

H.S. ’18

(a) He is fond ………playing cards.

Ans: of

(b) He was annoyed ……… missing the bus.

Ans: at

(c) Who is responsible …………  breaking this mirror?

Ans: for

(d) We tried to dissuade her ………….. marrying an old man.

Ans: from

(e) They are thinking ……….. moving to another house.

Ans: of

H.S. ’19

(a) What is the time…………. your watch now?

Ans: by

(b) The students of this college have free access ………….. the Principal.

Ans: to

(c) You should take proper care …………. your books.

Ans: of

(d) A sage has no desire ………. material wealth. 

Ans: for

(e) India is rich ……………. minerals.

Ans: in 

(f) He is very particular ……….. his health.

Ans: about

(g) I did that without any malice ………….. you. 

Ans: at

H.S. ’20

(a) The ship is sailing ………….. the shore.

Ans: from

(b) Cut the rope ……… a knife.

Ans: with

(c) I am taller than you …………. two inches.

Ans: by

(d) There was a bridge …………….. the river.

Ans: over

(e) We depend …………. you.

Ans: on

(f) He begged …………….. help from me.

Ans: for

(g) I do not believe ……………. his honesty. 

Ans: in

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Grammar

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Other Ready Guides for H S 2nd Yr by Growhills Publishing:

  • Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Prose
  • Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry
  • Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Rapid Reader (Suppl Reader)
  • Ready Guide H S English Grammar & Composition 

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