Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

For 

Coming H. S. Final Exam 

 

  

By

Growhills Writers’ Board

 

  

 

Growhills Publishing

Barpeta, Assam

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry, For Coming H. S. Final  Examination by Growhills Writers’ Board,  Published by Growhills Publishing, Barpeta (Assam)

 

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Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

SYLLABUS

H.S. 2nd Year English Poetry

Marks: 15

1: My Mother at Sixty Six-Kamala Das

2: Keeping Quiet-Pablo Neruda

3: A Thing of Beauty-John Keats

4: A Roadside Stand-Robert Frost

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

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POETRY (FLAMINGO)

MY MOTHER AT SIXTY- SIX

-Kamala Das

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS 

(Think it out).  Each bearing 2 Marks

Q.1. What is the kind of pain and ache that the poet feels?

Ans: The poet feels pain and ache looking at her old mother. Her mother was old and she looked pale and ash-like. Here the poet’s pain and ache is about the feeling of growing old  which leads to death.

Q.2. Why are the young trees described as ‘sprinting’?

Ans: The term ‘sprinting’ refers to running fast. Here the poet describes the young trees as ‘sprinting’ because when she looks outside from a fast-moving car, the young trees seem to pass behind with the speed of the car. Here ‘sprinting’ symbolises ageing or growing old.

Q.3. Why has the poet brought in the image of the merry children ‘spilling out of their homes’?

Ans: The poet has brought in the image of ‘the merry children spilling out of their homes’ in the poem for poetic effect. It makes a contrast to the condition of the poet’s’ old mother. She is sad, pale and ash-like because of old age. On the other hand, children are full of life and spirit because they are young.

Q.4. Why was the mother been compared to the ‘late winter’s moon? H. S. ’17, ’20

Ans: The poet’s mother has been compared to ‘late winter’s moon’ because as the late winter’s moon looks pale and ash-like, so the poet’s mother turned pale because of growing old.

Q.5. What do the parting words of the poet and her smile signify?

Ans: Along with the smiling, the parting words of the poet was ‘see you soon,  Amma’. The words and the smile signify the poet’s fear of losing her old mother because being old her mother may die at any time. So she wishes her mother to live long so that she may meet her mother again. By smiling the poet tries to hide her feeling of sorrow because of her mother.

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

A. Short  Answer-type Question:

1. Where is the poet Kamala Das driving to? H. S. ’12

Ans: Kamala Das was driving to the Cochin airport from her parent’s home.

2. What are the ‘merry children spilling out of their homes’ symbolic of?  H. S. ’18

Ans: ‘The merry children out of their homes’ symbolises youthfulness and cheerfulness. The image of the ‘merry children’ stands in the poem as a contrast between young age and old age. The old age is full gloom and inactivity while the young age is full of cheerfulness and activity.

3. What do ‘young sprinting trees’ signify in the poem ‘My Mother at Sixty-six’? H. S. ’17, ’20

Ans: The young sprinting trees signify youthfulness, cheerfulness and activity. The image of the sprinting trees is used as a contrast between young age and old age.  

B. Reading Extract and Answering

Q.1. Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow:

(a) ‘……. and felt that old

familiar ache, my childhood’s fear,

but all I said was, see you soon, Amma,

all I did was smile and smile and smile….’

Questions:

(i) What was the childhood fear that now troubled the poet? 1

(ii) What do the poet’s parting words suggest? 2

(iii) Why did the poet smile and smile? 1

Ans:

(i) The poet’s childhood fear was that she would lose her mother one day- either soon or late.

(ii) The poet’s parting words suggest that she does not want to lose her mother. 

(iii) The poet smiled and smiled to hide her sorrows which she felt for her ageing mother.

(b) ‘but after the airport’s

security check, standing a few yards

away, I looked again at her, wan, pale

as a late winter’s moon and felt that old

familiar ache, my childhood’s fear,

but all I said was, see you soon, Amma

all I did was smile and smile and smile ….’

Questions:

(i) What did the speaker do after the security check? 1

(ii) Why did the poet compare her mother’s face to a ‘late winter’s moon’? 2

(iii) What was the poet’s childhood fear? 1

Ans:

(i) After the security check, the poet looked again at her mother’s face which looked pale and wan.

(ii) The poetess’s mother has been compared to ‘late winter’s moon because as the late winter’s moon looks pale and ash-like so the poet’s mother turned pale because of growing old.

(iii) The poet’s childhood fear was that she would lose her mother one day- either soon or late.

(c) ‘But soon put that thought away, 

and looked out at Young Trees sprinting, 

the merry children spilling out of their homes.’

Questions:

(i) Who looked at the young trees? 1

(ii) Which thought did the speaker put away? 1

(iii) What do young sprinting trees signify? 1

(iv) What did the poet see the children doing? 1

Ans:

(i) The poet Kamala Das looked out at the young trees.

(ii) The poet put away the thought of the pain that she felt looking at the face of her old mother.

(iii) The ‘sprinting trees’ signify ageing or growing old.

(iv) The poet saw the children playing with merriment out of their homes.

(d) “Driving from parent’s home to 

Cochin last Friday morning, 

I saw my mother, beside me,

doze, open-mouthed, her face ashen like that

of a corpse…”   H. S. ’19

Questions :

(i) Where was the speaker driving to ? 1

(ii) What did she notice when her mother sat beside her? 1

(iii) Find two words from the passage that mean ‘sleep’ lightly’ and ‘dead body’.  2

(iv) Why was her mother’s face like that of a corpse? 1

Ans:

(i) The speaker was driving to Cochin airport from her parents’ home. 

(ii) She noticed that her mother was dozing sitting beside the poet, She looked pale, ash-like and gloomy like a corpse.

(iii) The word in the poem that means ‘sleep lightly’ is ‘doze’ and the word that mean ‘dead body’ is ‘corpse’.

(iv) The poet’s mother’s face was like that of a corpse because she grew old and become gloomy, pale and ash-like. 0 0 0

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

 

KEEPING QUIET

-Pablo Neruda 

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS 

(Think it out).  Each bearing 2 Marks

Q.1. What will counting up to twelve and keeping still help us achieve?

Ans: The poet Pablo Neruda wishes that the act of counting up to twelve and keeping still would help us achieve newer strength and mental energy to begin our activities anew. Moreover, it would help us think about how to make the earth safe from violence and destruction.

Q.2. Do You think the poet advocate total inactivity and death?

Ans: No, the poet does not advocate total inactivity and death. In contrast, the poet suggests only to stop our daily rush and busy activities for few seconds so that we can make our mind fresh and energetic to lead a better life without any kind of violence.

Q.3. What is the ‘sadness’ that the poet refers to in the poem? H.S. ’15

Ans: The ‘sadness’ that the poet refers to in the poem is due to our failure to know ourselves. In our daily life, we are so busy that turn us blind to our inner activities. So to know ourselves we must introspect in complete silence.

Q.4. What symbol from Nature does the poet invoke to say there can be life under apparent stillness?

Ans: The poet invokes the image of earth as a symbol to suggest that we have to make ourselves refreshed and energetic to lead a better life and it is through keeping ourselves quiet for a few seconds. The poet wishes to convey to us that in winter all the trees seem to be barren, but as soon as spring comes the trees begin a new life with new vigour.

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

A. Short Answer-type Questions:

Q. 1. What is an ‘exotic moment’ in ‘Keeping Quiet’?  H.S. ’19

Ans: The moment during which we keep quiet and stop our activities is said to be an ‘exotic moment’. 

Q. 2. How long does the poet want to stay still? H.S. ’16

Ans: The poet wants to stay still till he counts one to twelve.

Q. 3. ‘Let not speak in any language’, Says Neruda. Why? H.S. ’16

Ans: The poet Neruda says, ‘Let not speak in any language’ to stay still for a moment so that during the time of silence we can feel human qualities in us and thus can make the earth a better place.

Q. 4. What should the warmongers do? H.S. ’13

Ans: The warmongers should  ‘put on clean clothes’ that means they should give up violence and hatred toward others and thus they should spread universal brotherhood without doing any harm to anybody. 

Q. 5. What kind of victory do they achieve? H.S. ’13

Ans: They achieve a victory where no survivors are left to celebrate it.

Q. 6. What is ‘ a green war’?

Ans: A green war refers to the war against our environment. 

B. Reading  Extracts and Answering:

Q.1. Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow:

(a) ‘Now we will count to twelve

and we will all keep still

For once on the face of the Earth

let’s not speak us in any language,

let us stop for one second,

and not move our arms so much.

 

It would be an exotic moment

without rush, without engines,

we would all be together

in a sudden strangeness.’

Questions:

(i) Who is the poet of the quoted lines? 1

(ii) What does the poet mean by ‘not speak in any language’ and ‘move our arms so much’? 2

(iii) What would be the ‘exotic moment’? 1

Ans:

(i) The poet of the quoted lines is Pablo Neruda.

(ii) By the phrase ‘not speak in any language’ the poet wants to mean complete silence and ‘by not move our arms so much’ the poet wants to mean that we should stop our activities while keeping quiet.

(iii) The moment during which we keep quiet and stop our activities would be our ‘exotic moment’. 

(b) ”Now …………………. our arms so much.”  H. S. ’20

Questions :

(i) How long does the poet want to stay still?1

(ii) Why does he ask us to keep still and not use any language? 2

(iii) What does the poet mean by ‘not move our arms so much’? 1

Ans: (i) The poet wants to stay still till he counts from one to twelve. 

(ii) The poet asks us to keep still and, ‘not speak in any language’ for a moment so that during the time of silence we can feel human qualities in us and thus can make the earth a better place.

(iii) By ‘not move our arms so much’ the poet wants to mean that we should stop our activities while keeping quiet so that we can feel ourselves and can develop human brotherhood. 

(c) ‘What I want should not be confused

with total inactivity.

Life is what it is about,

I want no truck with death.’

Questions:

(i) What does the poet want? 1

(ii) What does he want not to be confused with? 2

(iii) What does he think about life?   1

(iv) What, according to him, does inactivity amount to?1

Ans: (i) The poet wants us to find a moment for introspection.

(ii) He does not want us to be confused with total inactivity.

(iii) The poet thinks of life connected with activity.

(iv) According to the poet, inactivity amounts to death.  0 0 0

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

 

A THING OF BEAUTY

– John Keats

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS 

(Think it out).  Each bearing 2 Marks

Q.1. List the things mentioned in the poem.

or

Name the things of nature that are constant sources of beauty. H. S. ’16

Ans: The things of beauty mentioned in the poem are- the sun, the moon, the old and young trees, daffodils, the rills, musk rose and lovely tales.

Q.2. List the things that cause suffering and pain.

Ans: The things that cause suffering and pain are- despondence, dearth of noble qualities and unhealthy and evil ways.

Q.3. What does the line, ‘Therefore are we wreathing a flowery band to bind us to earth’ suggest to you?

Ans: The quoted lines suggest that human beings are part and parcel of beautiful nature. The band between man and nature is unbroken. The things of beauty are like a garland of flowers. We seem to wreathe a flowery band that keeps us attached to the beautiful world.

Q.4. What makes human beings love life in spite of troubles and sufferings?

Ans:: The bond between man and beautiful things make human beings love life in spite of troubles and sufferings. The things of beauty remove the covering of sadness from our lives.

Q.5. Why is ‘grandeur’ associated with the ‘mighty death’?

Ans: The ‘grandeur’ is associated with our forefathers who were powerful because of heroic deeds. They would be rewarded on the doomsday. As we get pleasure, reminding of their heroic deeds, so we get pleasure at beautiful things.

Q.6. Do we experience the things of beauty only for short moments or do they make a lasting impression on us?

Ans: No, the experience of the things of beauty is not for short moments. They make a lasting impression on us. The loveliness of beautiful things goes on increasing every moment. It removes the pall of sadness that covers our dark spirits.

Q.7. What image does the poet use to describe the beautiful bounty of the earth?

Ans: The poet has used various images to describe the bounty of the earth. The images are- the beauty of daffodils, streams, musk rose and so on. The beauty of the earth is like an endless fountain spring pouring unto us from heaven.

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

A.  Short Answer type Questions. (Each bearing 2 Marks)

Q.1. How do we bind us to the earth every moment?

Ans: Every beautiful object of nature is a source of joy. Every day we are running after the beautiful things and thus we are associated with the beautiful things of nature. In other words, to say, the enjoyment of beautiful things binds us to the earth every moment.

Q.2. How is the pall of despondence moved away from our dark spirit?

Ans: We make our life miserable by our own selfish nature. But this despondency is moved away by beautiful things as they provide us with the boon of the sun, moon, young trees, flowers and so on.

Q.3. How is a thing of beauty a joy forever?

Ans: The loveliness of a beautiful thing always increases. It never passes into nothingness. It keeps our bower quiet and gives us sweet sleep. Thus a thing of beauty is a joy forever.

Q.4. How does a thing of beauty keep a bower quiet for us?

Ans: In a quiet bower we can get peace and security. It provides us with sound sleep, health and quiet breathing. Thus a thing of beauty keeps our bower quiet for us.

Q.5. What is the source of endless fountain and its effects?

Ans: Nature with beautiful things is the source of endless fountain. Its effects are that it gives us peace, security and joy to our gloomy heart.

Q.6. What is the message that John Keats wants to give us through the poem, “A Thing of Beauty”? H. S. ’14

Ans: The message that the poet John Keats wants to give us through the poem ‘A Thing of Beauty’ is that a thing of beauty is a great source of joy forever. It keeps our spirits full of liveliness, joy, peace and happiness. So we should appreciate the beauty of natural objects.

Q.7. What according to Keats, ‘never passes into nothingness’? H.S. ’15

Ans: According to John Keats beauty never passes into nothingness.

Q.8. What increases continuously in ‘A Thing of Beauty’?  H. S. ’18

Ans: The beautiful things with their effects increase continuously. A thing of beauty increases our happiness continuously. 

Q.9. What is the legend on which the poem ‘A Thing of Beauty’ is written? H. S. ’15

Ans: The legend on which the poem ‘A Thing of Beauty’ is written is a Greek legend involving the story of Endymion and the Moon Goddess. 

B. Question- Answers from the Extracts of the Poem (Each bearing 4 Marks)

Q.1. Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow:

(a) ‘A thing of beauty is a joy forever

Its loveliness increases, it will never

Pass into nothingness, but will keep

A bower quiet for us, and asleep

Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing.’

Questions:

(i) What is a bower? 1

(ii) What kind of sleep does it provide? 2

(iii) Who is the poet of the lines? 1

(iv) What does the phrase ‘quiet breathing’ mean?1

Ans:

(i) A ‘bower’ is a pleasant place amid bushes.  

(ii) A bower provides sound sleep, sweet dreams, health and peaceful breathing.

(iii) The poet of the quoted lines is John Keats.

(iv) The phrase ‘quiet breathing’ means ‘living in a healthy and pleasant place’. 

(b) ‘Such the sun, the moon,

Trees old, and young, sprouting a shady boon

For simple sheep; and such are daffodils

With the  green world, they live in.’

Questions:

(i) What does the poet say about the sun and the moon? 1

(ii) What do the trees do? 1

(iii) Where do daffodils live? 1

(iv) What is common about the things listed in these lines? 1

Ans:

(i) About the sun and the moon, the poet says that they are the beautiful objects of nature.

(ii) The trees provide shade for the gentle sheep.

(iii) The daffodils live in green world.

(iv) The common feature of the things listed in these lines is that they are things of beauty. 

(c) “Therefore, on every morrow, we are wreathing

A flowery band to bind us to the earth,

Spite of despondence, of the inhuman dearth 

Of noble natures, of the gloomy days, 

Of all the unhealthy and o’er-darkened ways 

Made for our searching:  in spite of all, 

Some shape of beauty moves away the pall 

From our dark spirits.”  H. S. ’19

Questions :

(i) What do we do everyday ? 1

Ans: We are wreathing flowery band to bind us to the earth every day. It means in spite of our despondence, there are some beautiful tasks and things that remove our gloominess. 

(ii) What removes the pall from the dark spirit? 1

Ans: Some shapes of beautiful things remove the pall of dark spirit.  

(iii)  What is the message expressed in these lines? 2

Ans: The message that the poet John Keats wants to give us through the quoted lines is that a thing of beauty is a great source of joy forever. It keeps our spirits full of liveliness, joy, peace and happiness. So we should appreciate the beauty of natural objects. 0 0 0

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

 

A ROADSIDE STAND

– Robert Frost

TEXTUAL QUESTION-ANSWERS 

(Think it out).  Each bearing 2 Marks

Q.1. The city folk who drove through the countryside hardly paid any heed to the roadside stand or to the people who ran it. If at all they did it was complain. Which lines bring this out? What was their complaint about?

Ans: The following lines bring out the complaint of the city folk:

“Or if ever aside a moment, then out of sorts

At having the landscape marred with the artless paint

Of signs that with N turned wrong and S turned wrong.”

The city folk complained that the artless paint of the roadside stand had spoilt the beauty of the entire place.

Q. 2. What was the plea of the folk who had put up the roadside stand?

Ans: The folk who had put up the stand on the roadside were poor farmers. They hoped, the people, passing by in vehicles, to stop and buy something from their items so that they can earn some money from them.

Q. 3. The Government and other social service agencies appear to help the poor but actually do them no good. Pick out the words and phrases that the poet uses to show their double standards.

Ans: The Government and the party in power were indifferent to the welfare of the poor rural people. No social service agencies were doing any good to them.

The words and phrases that the poet uses to show their double standards are:

‘While greedy good-doers, beneficient beasts of prey,

Swarm over their lives enforcing benefits

That are calculated to soothe them out their wits.’

Q. 4. What is the ‘childish longing’ that the poet refers to? Why is it vain? H. S. ’17

Ans: Like innocent children, the poor farmers wait all day long for some vehicles to come and stop to buy some food items from their stand. But it never happens. In this way, their childish longing goes on in vain.

Ans: The lines that tell us about the insufferable pain of the poor are- 

”I wonder how I should like you to come to me

And offer to put me gently out of my pain.”

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

ADDITIONAL QUESTION-ANSWERS

A.  Short Answer type Questions. (Each bearing 2 Marks)

Q.1. What is the news?

Ans: The news is that the poor people who live in the pitiable condition should be brought together out with their belongings and they should be made to live in the village next to the theatre and the store.

Q.2. How does the traffic pass?

Ans: The traffic pass by the roadside stands without stopping there. They drive their vehicles ahead without noticing the roadside stands.

Q.3. Name some of the things that the roadside stands offer to sell.

Ans: The names of some things that the roadside stands offer to sell are – wild berries and golden squash.

Q.4. According to the poet, what will give relief to the poet?

Ans: The poet thinks that the releasing of the poor rural people from their state of sorrow and misery will give great relief to the poet. All should come out with a helping hand to the poor.

Q.5. Who has betrayed the village poor people?

Ans: The party in power has betrayed the village people.

The party in power make promises to improve their lives but when they are in power they don’t care for the needs of the poor.

Q.7. What things irritated the passersby who stopped at the roadside stand?

Ans: The badly built houses and the artless paints of signboards in the poor areas irritated the passersby who stopped at the roadside stand.  

Q.7. Why does the poet sympathise with the rural people?

Ans: The poet sympathises with the rural people because they are very poor and can hardly buy their food. The government are indifferent to their welfare. They are being exploited by the greedy good-doers and crafty businessmen.

Q.8. How did the travellers on the highways react to the roadside stand? H.S. ’19

Ans: The travellers on the highways sometimes stopped at the roadside stand not to buy any food items but to make complaints that the letters in the signboard were written wrongly and the bad paintings had marred the beauty of the locality.

Q. 9. Of all the thousands of selfish cars, some stop there but not for buying something. Why do they stop there at all? H. S. ’16

Ans: The poor people who were running the roadside stands expected that the travellers would stop there and buy something from their stands. But the travellers did not do so. Of course, some stopped only to ask about the way and some stopped to ask if they could sell a gallon of gas.

Q. 10. What will be a great relief to the poet? H. S. ’18

Ans: The poet is very sympathetic to the plight of the poor village people. He thinks that he will get relief only if the poor people are put out of their pain and poverty with one blow.  Their miserable life is not better than death.  So the poet wants an immediate solution to their sufferance.

B. Question- Answers from the Extracts of the Poem (Each bearing 4 Marks)

Q.1. Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow:

(a) ‘The little old house was out with a little new shed

……………… and withering faint.’

Questions:

(i) Where was the stand situated? 1

(ii) Explain, “Too pathetically pled’. 2

(iii) Find words from the stanza that mean: (a) corner (b) becoming dry and faded? 1

Ans:

(i) The stand was situated at the edge of the road.

(ii) The phrase ‘too pathetically means ‘to beg in the most modest way’.

(iii) The aim of those who ran the stand was to earn some money.

(b) ‘It is in the news that all these pitiful kin

Are to be brought out and mercifully gathered in

……………. at night the ancient way.’

Questions:

(i) Why would not these poor people have to drink for themselves? 1

(ii) How will the innocent rural people be soothed out of their wits? 2

(iii) Who are destroying sleep and how? 1                         

(iv) Find out the words or phrases that mean (a) generous and (b) flesh-eating animal.

Ans:

(i) The poor people won’t have to drink for themselves because they would be in the grasp of cunning and selfish people.

(ii) The innocent rural people would be soothed by the selfish people by means of exploitation.

(iii) The greedy good-doers are destroying their sleep. They use their tricks to make them poorer.

(iv) The words that mean, (a) generous is ‘beneficent’; and (b) ‘flesh-eating animal’ is ‘beast of prey’.

(c) “Sometimes I feel myself I can hardly bear

The thought of so much childish longing in vain,

The sadness that lurks near the open window there,

That waits all day in almost open prayer

For the squeal of brakes, the sound of a stopping car.”

Questions :

(i) What is the childish longing’ that the poet refers to? Why is it ‘in vain’? 2

Ans: Like innocent children, the poor farmers wait all day long for some vehicles to come and stop to buy some food items from their stand. But it never happens. In this way, their childish longing goes on in vain.

(ii) Who waits near the open window? 1

Ans: The poor rural people wait near the open window.

(iii) What does the person waiting near the open window pray for? 1

Ans: The person waiting near the open window pray that the cars running through the road would stop at the roadside stand and buy some goods from them and thus the poor villagers would earn their livelihood.

Ready Guide H S 2nd Yr English Poetry

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